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SENTENCE STRUCTURE

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by

Marc Mostransky

on 24 November 2013

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Transcript of SENTENCE STRUCTURE

SENTENCE STRUCTURE
CLAUSE
A CLAUSE is comprised of a
SUBJECT
&
PREDICATE
(verb)

Bobby

ran
to the park

the
building

is
cold

he

will meet
us today

COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE
I like to eat eggs, but I dislike runny eggs because they remind me of snot.
MORE to IDENTIFY

5. When you wish upon a star, your dreams can come true
.

6. Nobody told me yes, but I did it anyway because I grab bulls by the horns
.
Find the PREDICATE first
Locate the
PREDICATE
in a clause
She
will be
home soon

Next, find the
SUBJECT
: ask yourself, "Who or what did this action or is in this condition"

She
will be home soon

* Typically, the subject will be somewhere in front of the predicate.
INDEPENDENT CLAUSES
An INDEPENDENT CLAUSE is a complete thought.
It must have at least one
subject
and
predicate
.

she

will be loved
she
and
I

will venture
into the woods
the
cat

licked
and
bit
me
SIMPLE SENTENCE
A SIMPLE SENTENCE = 1 Independent Clause (yes, it's simple)

She

will be loved
.
I

am
both confused and angry with you.

* Put the period on the end to make a SIMPLE SENTENCE.
COMPOUND SENTENCE
COMPOUND SENTENCE (CP) = 1 Independent Clause, _
for
_____ 1 Independent Clause.

and
nor
but
or
yet
so
FAN BOYS = coordinate conjunctions

Compound Sentence
CP = IC, ______ IC.

She

will be loved
,
but
today
she

is
sad.

This

makes
sense,
and
I

can make
compound sentences.

You

are
beautiful,
so

you

can ignore
what they say.
DON'T be FOOLED
Stick to the formulas!

I
went
to the park and the theater. (SIMPLE)

I

went
to the park,
and
a
friend

was
there. (COMPOUND)

COMPOUND SENTENCE
with semi-colon

CP =
I
went
to the park
;
a
friend

was
there.

CP =
I

will be
home
;
it

will be
perfect.

CP = The
building
caught
fire
;
no one

was
hurt.
SUBORDINATE CONJUNTIONS
after as because
although as if before
even if if since
even though until when
while unless whenever
whether once
DEPENDENT CLAUSE
DC
after

you

meet
me

because
the
cat

fell
in the toilet

if
I

fall
in love

while

you

were sleeping

until
you

study
and
read
the book
DEPENDENT CLAUSE
Dependent Clause must still have at least one
SUBJECT
&
PREDICATE
.

Dependent Clauses start with
SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS
.
COMPLEX SENTENCE
CX
A COMPLEX SENTENCE is comprised of an independent clause and a dependent clause.

There are two ways to create a complex sentence.

CX = IC DC.

CX = DC, IC.
COMPLEX SENTENCE
IC

DC
.
I
went
to the park
because

my friends

were going
.

The
building

was destroyed
after

it

caught

fire
.

I

raced
to the top
even though

I

knew
I wouldn't get first place.
COMPLEX SENTENCE
DC
,
IC
.
Even though

I

knew
I wouldn't get first place,
I

raced
to the top.

After

it

caught fire
, the
building

was destroyed
.

Because

my friends

were going
,
I
went
to the park.


COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE
CP-CX
The 4th and final type of sentence is known as the compound-complex sentence.

You

have now learned
all four types,
and

I

will be proud
of you
if

you

can create
these sentences.
COMPOUND-COMPLEX
CP-CX
CP-CX =
IC
, __
for
__
IC

DC
.

and
nor
but
or
yet
so
CP-CX =
IC
, ____
IC

DC
.
I
like to eat
eggs,
but

I
dislike
runny eggs because
they

remind
me of snot.
CP-CX
DC
,
IC
, ___
IC
.
Since

they

remind
me of snot,
I

won't eat
runny eggs, but
you

can have
them.
YOUR TURN
CREATE an example of the following:
INDEPENDENT CLAUSE
DEPENDENT CLAUSE
SIMPLE SENTENCE
COMPOUND SENTENCE
COMPLEX SENTENCE
COMPOUND
-
COMPLEX

SENTENCE
.
WHAT's wHaT?
Identify the following
1. because he is funny

2. I believe I can fly

3. I believe I can fly and leap through the air.

4. Because I could not stop for death, it kindly stopped for me.
Since

they

remind
me of snot,
I

won't eat
runny eggs
, so

you

can have
them.
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