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Amy Piccin

on 6 December 2016

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Transcript of Ageism

Major Sociological Theories
Theory that best fits...
Which of the theories do you think best fits this issue?
Functionalist: Disengagement Theory
Aging adults get to the point where doing what’s best for their future is no longer at the forefront of their mind; instead they begin to contemplate the end of their lives
As the elderly begin to disengage from their social networks and obligations, to refocus their energy on themselves
Society lowers its expectations and dependence on the elderly
It also allows for the next generation to step up into new roles; which is important for the continuous function of society as a whole
Canadian Statistics
Amani Alfageah
Sara Douglas
Yasmin Nadia
Amy Piccin
Comparable Statistics
Growing Old in Canada
What are the Canadian Statistics related to the issue?

July 2015, 16.1 per cent of Canadians were in the 65-and-over group
The population growth rate for the over-64 set increased by 3.5 percent
Poverty among the elderly in Canada is at 6.7 per cent, much lower than for children or the working-age population
Canada’s poverty rate for the elderly rose between the mid-1990s and late 2000s
89 per cent of Canadians associate aging with negative outcomes such as being alone and losing independence
40 per cent of those 66 years of age and older say they believe the "best is yet to come."
By 2050, one in four Canadians will be a senior

Employment and Social Development Canada. Retrieved October 20, 2015. http://well-being.esdc.gc.ca/misme-iowb/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng.jsp?iid=33

Aging. Retrieved October 20, 2015. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/aging/

Interpreting Social Problems: Aging

Theories of Aging. Retrieved October 20, 2015. http://www.sociologyguide.com/ageing/theories-of-ageing.php
According to Historical Canada website: “Aging is a continual biological, psychological and social process from infancy to old age. Conventionally, the term narrowly refers to the transition from adulthood to old age.”
This theory views society as a complex system that has singular parts within that system that works
together to meet individuals' needs. Within the functional perspective, there are three different theories of aging:
The disengagement theory
The activity theory
The continuity theory

Cummings and Henry developed the disengagement theory of aging in the late of 1950s.
As people grow older and realize that death is near, they begin to disengage from their previously held social roles in the society. In return, society recognizes that and prepares to function in the absence of that individual
It is rational for aging populations to disengage because they have witnessed friends of their age die and they begin to anticipate their own death
The activity theory claims that staying mentally and physically active will increase happiness among older adults. Havighurst argued that instead of an elderly person disengaging from their community, they should remain active and social
The continuity theory states that aging adults will usually maintain the same activities, behaviors, personality traits, and relationships as they did in the earlier years of life. They maintain both: Internal structures, and External structures
The theory is criticized for not considering the influence of chronic diseases, such as Alzheimer's or cancer, may have on the aging person that may not be able to maintain social roles or relationships

Symbolic interaction
This perspective proposes that age is socially constructed and determined by symbols resembling social interactions. This perspective does not have associated theories, but it does propose that:
While aging itself is a biological process, being deemed old or young is a social construction
Culture attaches meanings and certain behaviors to age groups.
Aging is viewed differently in different cultures

This perspective emphasizes competition between differing age groups. Competition, in this perspective, means competition for jobs, money and power.
The conflict theory has three main arguments:
Society is comprised of different groups that compete for resources
A continual power struggle exists between social groups as they pursue their own divergent and competing interests
Social groups will use resources to their own advantage in pursuit of their own goals

How would each of the major sociological theories interpret the issue?
Which of the theories do you think best fits this issue?
What are the Canadian statistics related to the issue?
How reliable and valid do you think the statistics are?
How do our statistics compare with the U.S., a major West European country, and a developing country
How reliable and valid do you think the statistics are?

Average Life Span Male= 79.8
Average Life Span Female= 84
Average births per woman= 1.61
Age of retirement= 65
Deaths by cause= Coronary heart disease @ 16.8%

United States
Average Life Span Male= 76.4
Average Life Span Female= 81.1
Overall= 78.8
Average births per woman= 1.88
Age of Retirement= Early=62, Baby Boomers=66, Anyone born after 1960=67
Deaths by cause= Coronary heart disease @ 18.06%

Average Life Span Male= 77.8
Average Life Span Female= 82
Overall= 79.9
Average births per woman= 1.73
Age of Retirement= 65, moving towards 67 by 2022
Deaths by cause= Coronary heart disease @ 11.46% and Lung Cancer @ 9.26%

Average Life Span Male= 60.8
Average Life Span Female= 64.6
Average births per woman= 5.29
Age of Retirement= 55
Deaths by cause= HIV/AIDS @ 20.52% (Coronary heart disease @3.08%)

World Health Rankings Tanzania. (2013). Retrieved Oct. 17th, 2015

World Health Rankings Denmark. (2013). Retrieved Oct 17th, 2015

World Health Rankings Canada. (2013). Retrieved Oct 17th, 2015

World Health Rankings United States. (2013) Retrieved Oct 17th, 2015

The Conference Board of Canada. (2015). Retrieved Oct 18th, 2015

Ageism, Widespread in Canada, survey finds. (2012). Retrieved October 20, 2015). http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/ageism-widespread-in-canada-survey-finds-1.1021641

Canada's Aging populatio expected to head west. (2014). Retrieved October 20, 2015. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/economy/canadas-aging-population-projected-to-exacerbate-health-care-strain/article20651306/

We feel that the statistics are reliable as
as they can be coming from census'

When information is gathered from
survey's or census' people are not always
going to give truthful information.

Some of these stats are projected as well,
so it also relies on if the predictions are
correct, because a drastic event could
change the outcome (ex. an epidemic)
*By 2030 an estimated 23% of the Canadian population will be over the age of 65
*By 2050 the number of people aged 65 and older will more then triple worldwide.
Note: Population projections use a medium-growth scenario (M1) based on inter-provincial migration trends from 1981 to 2008.
A poll of 1,500 Canadians found eight in 10 believe seniors age 75 and older are seen as less important and are more ignored than younger generations

Six in 10 seniors age 66 and older say they have been treated unfairly because of their age, while 35 per cent of Canadians admit they've treated someone differently because of their age
According to the survey, the three most common forms of age discrimination faced by Canadian seniors are:
• being ignored or treated as though they are invisible (41 per cent)
• being treated like they have nothing to contribute (38 per cent)
• assuming that seniors are incompetent (27 per cent)
Reliable? Valid?
Comparable Statistics
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