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Cell Analogy: Animal Cell to Human Body

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by

Julie Jeon

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Cell Analogy: Animal Cell to Human Body

Animal Cell to Human Body
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Cell Analogy This is an analogy comparing an animal cell to a human body. Cell membrane to Skin I compared the cell membrane to skin because the functions of the cell membrane and the skin is very similar. The function of the cell membrane is to protect the cell and let the particles in and out, and also the skin protects our body and let in nutrients and let out wastes. These two organs are similar in a way that they protect the inner material from any uninvited materials. They are also similar in a way that they let particles or nutrients in that are useful and let out any wastes that are unnecessary for that organ. Nucleus to Brain I compared the nucleus to brain because the role of them are very similar in each organism. The function of the nucleus is to control the whole cell, and the function of the brain is also to control and monitor over our whole body. They are similar in a way that they have control over the whole organism, no matter what it is, cell or body. Cell DNA to Human DNA Cytoplasm to Blood Endoplasmic Reticulum to Veins Ribosomes to Liver Mitochondria to Small Intestine Lysosome to Stomach Golgi Body to Large Intestine I compared the cell DNA to human DNA because they are basically the same thing. Due to the fact that our body is made of cells, and every cell contains DNA, so practically our human DNA and cell DNA is the same thing, just combined or separated. The function of DNA is to store genetic information of the organism. I compared the cytoplasm to blood because their characteristics are similar. The function of the cytoplasm is to hold all its organelles in place inside the cell. They are similar in a way that they are everywhere in that particular organism, like blood reaches every single part of you and the cytoplasm reaches everywhere in the cell. I compared the endoplasmic reticulum to the veins in our body because its jobs are much alike to the ones that are in the ER. The function of the ER is to transport proteins throughout the cell, and the function of the veins, or blood vessels, they transport nutrients throughout our body inside them. These two organs are similar in a way that they both transport materials essential to the organism. For the cell, the protein, and for the human body, nutrients. I compared the ribosomes to liver because they both produce similar nutrients for the cell and our body. The function of ribosome is to produce proteins that is necessary for the cell. Also the function of the liver is also to produce protein that is transported throughout our body by the blood. Ribosomes and liver are similar in a way that they are absolutely necessary for our body and the cell. Without them, we won't have proteins, which are one of the most important nutrients to our body and the cell. I compared the mitochondria to the small intestine because they have the same functions. The function of the mitochondria is to produce the cell's food, which is ATP. Also the function of the small intestine is to absorb the nutrients and send it to parts of our body through blood. These two are similar in a way that they both produce energy for the organism. Our body and the cell wouldn't activate without the energy that mitochondria and the small intestine produces. I compared the lysosome to the stomach because they both break down food. The function of the lysosome is to digest the bacterium by self-destructing, and the function of the stomach is to break down food. Lysosome and the stomach are similar in a way that they both break down food for the organism. I compared the Golgi body to the large intestine because they store wastes before letting it out of the cell or body. The function of the Golgi body is to store wastes before it is let out of the cell and provide a way out. Also the function of the large intestine is to store wastes before it is let out of our body. Golgi body and the large intestine are similar because they have very similar functions, both containing wastes before they provide a way out.
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