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World Religions ISU; Sikh Symbolism
Transcript of World Religions ISU; Sikh Symbolism
>People thought that the guru had lost his mind
>Eventually one by one 5 men stepped forward
>This was a test of bravery
• The guru then brought back the men who had been willing to sacrifice their heads for him surprisingly alive, they were now wearing a new uniform; The 5 K’s
• These 5 men were then baptized into the Khalsa by Guru Gobind Singh Ji
>They drank sugared water which had been made by Guru Gobind Singh Ji with a double-edged sword in an iron bowl, and vowed to live by the principles the Guru had laid down
>They then baptized Guru Gobind Singh Ji with the same holy sugared water; this is called amrit.
• These five men where there on after known as the “Panj Pyare” or the 5 beloved
>Bhai Daya Singh Ji
>Bhai Dharam Singh Ji
>Bhai Himmat Singh Ji
>Bhai Mohkam Singh Ji
>Bhai Sahib Singh Ji
(Siri Guru Gobind Ji, 2004) Guru Gobind Singh Ji Khanda •Represents the fundamental concepts of Sikhism
•The name of the symbol is driven from the double edged sword in the middle which is called a Khanda
Parts of the Khanda;
>The double-edged sword in the middle called the Khanda is a metaphor of Devine knowledge
>t’s sharp edges are to represent separation of truth from falsehood
>The circle in the middle around the khanda is called a Chakar
>The Chakar having no beginning or end represents how god is perfect and eternal
>The Chakar is surrounded by two swords called Kirpans
>The Kirpans symbolise the equal emphasis that a Sikh is supposed to place on spiritual aspiration along with obligation to society.
(Religious Emblems, 2011) Golden Temple •Otherwise known as Sri Harminder Sahib or Darbar Sahib
•Located in the heart of Punjab – Amritsar/India
•Living Symbol of the spiritual and historical traditions of the Sikhs
•Darbar Sahib has 4 entrances, North, East, South and West.
•Guru Arjun the fifth guru exclaimed, "My faith is for the people of all castes and all creeds from whichever direction they come and to whichever direction they bow." (Darbar Sahib: The Golden Temple, 2011)
•Fifth Guru had made the temple and it was completed in 1601
>First caretaker of the holy book was Baba Buddha Ji
>It is a symbolic place, this is one of those places where the 10 guru’s had presented themselves
(Darbar Sahib: The Golden Temple, 2011) The 5 K’s By: Jagroop J. and Sabrina M. Sikh Symbolism Guru Nanka Dev Ji •Tenth and last guru(teacher)/ prophet of the Sikh faith
•Son of the ninth guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji
•Birth name was Gobind Rai Sodhi
(Singh, H., 2013)
•during Guru Gobind Singh ji's time Hindus were being threatened into conversation by strong Muslim rulers
•Guru Gobind Singh Ji gained great stature as both saint and soldier; he was a leader of firm spiritual principles, and intense devotion to god, and at the same time, had a fearless dedication to protecting all people from oppression and injustice
(Memories of Guru Gobind Singh Ji: History, 2005)
•On the day of Vaisakhi in 1699 Guru Gobind Singh Ji created the Khalsa
>He called it "Akal Purakh de fauj" meaning the army of god
•The first Sikhs to be Baptized by Guru Gobind Singh into the Khalsa are known as the Panj Pyare ( the 5 Beloved)
>They were the first to wear the five symbols of the Khalsa, the 5 K’s, a kind of uniform.
•They then Baptized Guru Gobind Singh Ji into the Khalsa
•The Khalsa was designed to be an army of winners; fearless and pure for the service of god and society
•Members of the Khalsa were to be called Sikhs; which in English translates to learners or students.
•The newly baplized Sikhs were renamed; replacing the mens’ last names with Singh (lion) and the womens’ with Kaur (princess).
>These new names made the Sikhs equal members of one family, there would be no casting system in the >Khalsa, and no gender discrimination
>This is why Guru Gobind Rai became Guru Gobind Singh after baptism
(Siri Guru Gobind Ji, 2004) Guru Gobind Singh Ji •Guru Granth Sahib is the Sikh Holy Scripture
•Collection of all ten of the gurus writings and teachings
•It is written in an ancient form of Punjabi called Gurumukhi, which means “from the mouth of the Guru”
•Before Guru Gobind Singh Ji died, he instructed Sikhs to treat the Guru Granth Sabih as their one and only live guru after his death and to follow its teachings
•Today the Guru Granth Sahib Ji is treated as an alive guru; some refer to the guru granth sahib ji as the 11th guru
•Today at the gurudwara, the sikh temple you will find the Guru Granth Sahib placed on a raised platform, dressed in decorative cloths, and there is often a person fanning it to avoid any type of bugs and insects from sitting upon it
(Guru Granth Sahib For Kids, 2013) Ik Onkar / Ek Onkar: • Ik Onkar is a phrase which means “God is one or One Supreme Reality.”
• It is made of two Punjabi words, “Ek” means one and “Onkar” means god.
(Nishan Sahib; History of the Sacred Banner & Its Symbols, 2011)
• It represents the unity of god and this symbol is found almost everywhere in any Sikh premises.
• It is the opening phrase of the holy book Guru Granth Sahib.
(Ik Onkar, 2005) Nishan Sahib: •It identifies all gurdwaras and other religious places for Sikhs.
•Nishan Sahib means the holy flag; it comes from two different words.
>Nishan is a Persian word which has multiple meanings such as flag or standard. Sahib although is an Arabic word meaning lord or master. Together it is used as a symbol representing the Sikh faith.
• It is also told that “The Nishan Sahib is not a symbol of national sovereignty but a symbol of spiritual sovereignty”
• The Nishan Sahib is usually found in 2 different colours, one is orange and the other one is blue.
(Nishan Sahib; History of the Sacred Banner & Its Symbols, 2011)
• In the middle of the flag it is the khanda.
(Singh, 2009) Sikhs, who are baptized, go through a ceremony which is called Amrit Shaak. During this ceremony they adopt to the 5 K’s which are Kes, Kanga, Kara, Kashera, and Kirpan. These symbols give Sikhs identity along with the spiritual means. These symbols were introduced by the 10th guru on vaisakhi when he gave them to the 5 beloved. Each represents something really meaningful to Sikhism.
(Symbols of Khalsa- The 5 K’s, 2013) Kes: Uncut hair and beard which has been given by god. This symbolizes devotion to god, and men are told to wear turbans. A turban is known as the crown of spirituality in Sikhism.
(Symbols of Khalsa- The 5 K’s, 2013) Kanga: A Kanga is a wooden comb which is used to keep hair clean and tidy. Cleanliness is very important; it was one of those things which Guru Gobind Singh ji found vital, while he formed the Khalsa. “The kanga represents disciple in all aspects of life (Amritsar).”
(Symbols of Khalsa- The 5 K’s, 2013) Kara: It is a bangle usually made from steel or iron and is mostly worn on the right wrist. Steel represents strength and the circular shape of the bangle represents unity and eternity. There is no beginning or ending, this symbolizes Sikhs believe that “God who is eternal and infinite.”
(Symbols of Khalsa- The 5 K’s, 2013) Kashera: They are trousers which are usually worn as undergarments. It is a given uniform by Guru Gobind Singh Ji when he formed Khalsa. There are many reasons behind why it should be worn but most Sikhs believe it was to make it easier for Sikhs to move in battle. Although most Sikhs believe Kashera symbolizes modesty in Sikhism.
(Symbols of Khalsa- The 5 K’s, 2013) Kirpan: Kirpan is one of the most important K’s. It is a sword which worn by Sikhs, it is not a weapon which is initiated to bring harm to anyone. Sikh communities do not like it when it is referred to as a harmful weapon or given names such as dagger, knife or any violent terms. The kirpan is a sword, which is worn to remember the first 5 who were willing to sacrifice their life for their faith. It symbolizes bravery and faith, therefore it symbolizes the commitment to fight “the enemy within "that is the weakness in one’s own character and behavior."(Amritsar)
(Symbols of Khalsa- The 5 K’s, 2013) • Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the first guru of the Sikh religion.
• He is the founder of Sikh religion; he was part Hindu and Muslim.
• Guru Nanak Dev Ji is really important towards the Sikh Faith.
• He taught what is right and wrong, he used to help the poor and feed them.
• Guru Nanak Dev Ji was really smart and he had powers that no one had.
• He symbolizes Sikhism and many look upon him as their guru and well-wisher.
(The First Master Guru Nanak [1469-1539], 2011)