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The Earth

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Gabe Marte

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of The Earth

The Desert Biome
Sources and citation
"Different types of deserts". Retrieved September 19, 2013, from http://library.thinkquest.org/26634/desert/types.htm
"Famous deserts of the world". Retrieved September 19, 2013, from http://hassam.hubpages.com/hub/Famous-Deserts-Of-The-World
"The Desert Biome". Retrieved September 19, 2013, from http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/biomes/deserts.php
"Desert Seasons". Retrieved September 19, 2013, from http://www.scenicdrive.org/pp0202seasons.htm
"Deserts and Wind Action". Retrieved September 19, 2013, from http://courses.missouristate.edu/emantei/creative/glg110/deserts-wind.html
"Geographic Features of the Desert", Retrieved September 19, 2013, from https://sites.google.com/site/akmsmbdesertbiome/geographic-features-of-the-desert
"Desert Features". Retrieved September 19, 2013, from http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/deserts/features/
"Limiting Factors in Desert". Retrieved September 22, 2013, form http://desertmysteries.wordpress.com/2010/09/16/limiting-factors-in-the-desert/
"Sahara Mustard". Retrieved September 22, 2013, from http://www.tsusinvasives.org/database/sahara-mustard.html
"Invasive Species in the Sonoran Desert Region". Retrieved September 22, 2013, from http://www.mpsaz.org/franklinjr/staff/aaabdelhaq/science_links/files/invasive_species_in_the_sonoran_desert_region.pdf
"Desert Food Chain". Retrieved September 22, 2013, from http://digital-desert.com/wildlife/food-chains/
"PLANT AND ANIMAL ADAPTATIONS TO THE DESERT". Retrieved september 22, 2013, from http://wc.pima.edu/~bfiero/tucsonecology/adaptations/adaptations_home.htm
"Fun Facts: Greater Roadrunner". Retrieved September 23, 2013, from http://www.desertmuseumdigitallibrary.org/kids/FunFacts/Greater_Roadrunner.html.
Word Definitions, retrieved from http://www.biology-online.org
"Greater Roadrunner". Retrieved September 23, 2013, from http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Greater_Roadrunner/lifehistory
"Mojave Desert Land Trust".Retrieved September 23, 2013, from http://www.mojavedesertlandtrust.org/
The Earth
and its deserts
by Gabriel Marte
What is it?
A desert is a place that receives 10in/25cm of precipitation or less a year. An estimate of one seventh of the Earth's surface is covered by a desert.
Types of Deserts
There are numerous types of deserts currently known but the main four are...
Famous deserts
Where do they form?
The red areas on the map indicate deserts.
http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~martins/climate_water/slides/global_precip1.gif
Hot and Dry
Semiarid
http://api.ning.com/files/QAISxEUzjDBkQiogyru1tuyvYsYPoHxtaFH62LTbxJx5vku28U-pSKVuL9wZ1fzkjSU83jUxk3UL5*G4oBzXLe1p2L4AdtSX/shutterstock_59897902.jpg
http://www.rhizomes.net/issue13/chisholm/desert.jpg
Coastal
http://www.nature.org/cs/groups/webcontent/@web/@peru/documents/media/prd_022990.jpg
Cold
http://tripideas.org/assets/img/2245989501_750_camel-ride.jpg
Sahara desert
Arabian desert
Great Basin desert
Antarctica(yes, Antarctica is a desert)
http://media.moddb.com/images/groups/1/7/6012/dwight-schrute-fact.jpg
Abiotic Factors
Climate and Temperature
Average Temperature
The temperature of a desert fluctuates violently over the course of 24 hours. Temperatures can range from 20-25° C during the day to -18° C at night. This sudden drop in temperature is caused by the lack of moisture in the air.
Climate

The sudden increase in humidity, temperature, wind speeds, and precipitation is due to the coming of the summer monsoons- a season which occurs between June and August
Wind patterns and Soil Composition
The soil of a desert is the result of constant erosion and abrasion due to wind. Wind is also a the reason why we see massive dunes like these...
http://i1-news.softpedia-static.com/images/news-700/Anakin-Skywalker-Left-Homeless-by-Migrating-Sand-Dunes.jpg?1374505556
Solar Radiation
http://www.greenbang.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/DLR-Global-Map-of-Solar-Radiation.jpg
http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/habitats/desert-map/
Geographic Features
Deserts usually have large sand dunes made out of very fine sand. some deserts can also be made out of a combination of rocks, shrubbery, and occasionally oasis.
Limiting Factors
There are many limiting factors withing a desert. Some examples are...
Precipitation
Temperature
Geographical Formations
Wind
Biotic Factors
Organisms
Adaptations
Deserts often lack the necessary conditions for life to exist. Because of this every organism, big and small, can have a huge significance in the ecosystem.
Keystone Species
Invasive Species
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Sahara Mustard
http://www.tsusinvasives.org/database/sahara-mustard.html
Description
Annual plant that prefers sandy soil and can thrive in unfavorable conditions for life. this plant grows very rapidly and out-competes other native species for resources. this plant now occupies 75% of wildflower fields across California and Arizona.
Brassica tournefortii
Argentine Cactus Moth
Cactoblastis cactorum
http://www.mpsaz.org/franklinjr/staff/aaabdelhaq/science_links/files/invasive_species_in_the_sonoran_desert_region.pdf
Description
Small (22-35mm) grayish-brown moth that feeds on prickly pears(an Opuntia species). Their larvae are capable of destroying a majority of the populations of these plants. The invasion of these species could lead to the destruction of Opuntia species that serve as food for wildlife such as deer, javelina, rodents,
and coyotes.
Fremont's Cottonwood
Populus fremontii S. Wats.
Significance in the environment...
The Cottonwood is a large desert tree growing from 12m-35m. It serves as food,habitat and shade for organisms in the desert. They help stabilize sediment, preventing erosion and support a diverse array of animal species.
Greater Roadrunner
Geococcyx californianus
Significance in the community(Biotic Effects)...
Roadrunners are the
predators
of lizards, grasshoppers, mice, sometimes birds, and other large invertebrates. Without them, the population of these organisms will boom(especially the insects) and may have harmful effects on the ecosystem. They serve as
prey
for snakes and some mammals. These mammals include skunks, coyotes, house cats and raccoons.
Prickly Poppy
Argemone mexicana
Cottontop Cactus
Echinocactus polycephalus
California Fan Palm Oases
Washingtonia filifera
Coyote
Canis latrans
Mountain Lion
Puma concolor
http://activerain.com/blogsview/2277602/this-desert-life-mountain-lion-chases-bobcat-up-45-saguaro-cactus-amazing-photos-
http://armedwithvisions.com/2011/10/11/david-chorlton-interstate/
Desert Iguana
Dipsosaurus dorsalis
http://www.richard-seaman.com/Reptiles/Usa/California/CoachellaValley/
Scavengers and Decomposers
Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura
http://www.natgeocreative.com/ngs/photography/search/explore.jsf?p=TEFSUlkgTUlOREVOLyBNSU5ERU4gUElDVFVSRVM=
Raven
Common Raven Corvus corax
http://www.gatewaytosedona.com/popular-articles/item/127-raven-in-sedona-arizona
Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos
http://digital-desert.com/wildlife/golden-eagle.html
There are 3 basic principles that plants and animals that live in the desert follow...
Expire
"When the going gets tough, die...
but leave behind tough seeds/eggs. This is what annual wildflowers do"
Even though this "Bahia" has a very short life, it makes sure to leave seeds to repopulate
Evade
"When the going gets tough, leave...
go north or south, go up or down a mt., change activity from day to night or from above ground to below."
To avoid the heat, this "Kangaroo Rat" burrows underground during a hot day.
*note* all images in this section come from this link..
http://wc.pima.edu/~bfiero/tucsonecology/adaptations/adaptations_home.htm
Endure
"When the going gets tough, take it...
but you better have good desert adaptations like these plants."
This tree survives by enduring. It has very long roots capable of sucking up any source of water it finds, be it underground or rain.
A keystone species is a species in which other organisms greatly depend on- so much that it's removal would greatly affect the status of the ecosystem
A community is a group of interdependent organisms of different species growing or living together in a specified habitat.
Abiotic Factors are non-living factors within an environment (soil, pH, water, Temp.)
An ecosystem is a system that includes all living organisms (biotic factors) in an area as well as its physical environment (abiotic factors) interacting together.
Vocab Words
Significance in community(Abiotic effects)...
Roadrunners use their environment as a defense mechanism instead of altering it. For example, the typical nesting places of roadrunners are cacti, thorn bushes and small trees. Their nests are lined with leaves, grass, feathers, snakeskin, and other materials.
Population Status
According to the IUCN(International Union for Conservation of Nature) red list , although the population range has expanded, there seems to be no sign of threats or long term effects.
*status via IUCN*
Least Concern
http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Greater_Roadrunner/lifehistory
Biotic factors pertain to anything living, and their products(waste) within an environment.
Preservation Acts
There is a group called the "Mojave Desert Land Trust" whose mission is to protect the Mojave desert ecosystem and its scenic and cultural resource values. you can read more about their goals in this link...
http://www.mojavedesertlandtrust.org/mission.php
http://www.supergreenme.com/MojaveDesertLandTrust
Full transcript