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Canada

Social Studies - Canada Project
by

Bailey Bunescu

on 22 May 2014

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Transcript of Canada

Canada
General Information
Located in North America
Consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories
World's second largest country by total area
Border with U.S. is the world's longest land border shared by two countries
2 official languages: French and English
Capital: Ottawa
Population: over 35 million (as of 2014)

National Symbols
Government System
Currency
Climate
Provinces and Territories
Provinces:
Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan
Territories:
Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon
History
Inhabited by natives for 10,000 years
First Nations, Inuit
French settled in Canada in the 16th and 17th century
French traded most of their lands with British in 1763
After American Revolution, many British Loyalists settled in Canada
British North America Act was passed
British government granted the request of French and English leaders of the colony of Canada
Became a self-governing country on July 1, 1867
Bailey Bunescu
Advanced economy is one of the largest in the world
Economic freedom score is 80.2
6th freest economy in the 2014 index
freest economy in the North America region
Relying chiefly upon its....
abundant natural resources
well-developed trade networks
Complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on Canada's economy and culture
Vancouver, BC
Victoria, BC
Flag of Canada
Known as The Maple Leaf
Adopted in 1965 to replace the Union Jack
Most of the provinces of Canada have their own national symbols that differ from the ones shown, but these refer to Canada as a whole.
1.00 U.S. dollar(s) = 1.10 Canadian dollar(s)

The newly updated banknotes, which are part of the Frontier Series, are printed on polymer plastic instead of paper. The security features include...
Holographic stripe
Watermark
EURion constellation
Tactile marks
Registration device
Raised printing
UV printing
Penny (one-cent piece)
Withdrawn from circulation in fall of 2012
Cost of production was 1.6 cents
Existing pennies will remain legal tender indefinitely
Nickel (5-cent piece)
Smooth edge
94.5% steel
3.5% copper
2% nickel plating
Years of minting: 1858 - present
Quarter (25-cent piece)
Several commemorative editions
The mint began selling special coin sets in 2011
newborn babies, birthdays, wedding anniversaries, tooth fairy, "Oh Canada"
Dime (10-cent piece)
Nearly identical in size to the American dime
Canadian dime is magnetic
unique metal composition
high steel content
50-cent piece
Regularly minted, but not made in large quantities
annual average production approx. 150,000
Only available to public directly through mint since 2004
Considered a rare coin
Canadians value and save the coin when they receive one
Loonie (one-dollar coin)
Gold-colored coin
Introduced in 1987
Commonly called the loonie
common loon is shown on the coin
11-sided coin made of steel and brass plating
Toonie (2-dollar coin)
Commonly called the "toonie"
Introduced in February of 1996
Bi-metallic coin
outer ring: steel with nickel plating
inner core: aluminum bronze with brass plating
Five-dollar Note
Most common banknote issued by the Bank of Canada
New blue note was introduced in November of 2013
Portrait of Canada's seventh prime minister, Sir Wilfrid Laurier on front
Astronaut on back of note
Ten-dollar Note
Dominantly purple note was introduced in May of 2005
Portrait of Canada's first Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald on front
Back depicts the Canadian railway system
Twenty-dollar Note
Main banknote dispensed from Canadian ABMs
Newest version introduced in November of 2012
Front displays a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II
Back displays the Canadian National Vimy Memorial
Fifty-dollar Note
Introduced into circulation in March of 2012
Front features a portrait of William Lyon Mackenzie King
Back side shows the Canadian Coast Guard Ship Amundsen
Hundred-dollar Note
Highest-valued and least circulated of the notes
Put into circulation in November of 2011
Dominantly brown in color
Front features former Prime Minister, Sir Robert Borden
Back depicts the discovery of insulin
Motto
"A Mari Usque Ad Mare"
(From sea to sea)
Declared: November 21, 1921
Sport (Summer):
Lacrosse
Declared: May 12, 1994
Sport (Winter):
Ice Hockey
Declared: May 12, 1994
Tree:
Maple
Declared: 1996
Animal:
Beaver
Declared: 1975
Colors:
Red and White
Declared: November 21, 1921 by order of King George V
Spring
pleasant throughout country
Summer
hot, dry in prairies
humid in central Canada
Fall
crisp, cool
orange and red leaves
Winter
Arctic regions
cold, snow
Vancouver & Victoria
mild, wet
Southern Alberta
"Chinook"
warm, dry wind from rocky mountains
Percentage of National Population by Province and Territory
Montreal International Jazz Festival
Annual jazz festival
2004 Guinness World Record as world's largest jazz festival
Roughly 3,000 artists from 30+ countries
Over 650 concerts
450 free outdoor performances
2.5 million visitors (34% tourists)
10 free outdoor stages
10 indoor concert halls
Habitat 67
Model community and housing complex
Designed by Israeli-Canadian architect Moshe Safdie
Built in 1967 as a pavilion for Expo 67
World's Fair held from April to October 1967
Located next to the St. Lawrence River
One of the most recognizable and significant buildings in Canada
Cuisine
Poutine
French-Canadian dish
Originally from Quebec
French fries, cheese curds, gravy
Capital of Canada
4th largest city in Canada
Parliament Hill
Centerpiece of Ottawa
Political and cultural heart of city
Free guided tours available daily
Focal point of Canada Day celebrations
fireworks
Maple Syrup
First collected and used by the indigenous peoples of North America
Province of Quebec is largest producer
Responsible for 3/4 of the world's output
exports exceed $130.5 million USD per year
Montreal-Style Smoked Meat
Kosher-style deli meat product
salting and curing beef brisket with spices
Briskets absorbs flavors for 1 week
Hot smoked and steamed
Served on rye bread with mustard
Butter Tart
Small pastry tart
Highly regarded as a quintessential dessert
Butter, sugar, syrup, and egg filled into a flaky pastry
Baked until top is crunchy
Similar to a pecan pie in the U.S.
May include coconuts, butterscotch, chocolate chips, peanut butter
Nanaimo Bar
Popular dessert
Requires no baking
Named after Nanaimo, British Columbia
Wafer crumb-based layer
Layer of light vanilla or custard flavored butter icing
Layer of melted chocolate
Many different varieties
different icings (mint, peanut butter, mocha)
Provinces
jurisdictions that receive their power and authority directly from the Constitution Act of 1867
Territories
get their mandates and powers from the federal government
Constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as the head of state (monarch)
Monarch has little power, reserved for crisis
Monarch's representative is the Governor-General
approves bills, other state functions
Governor-General is appointed by the Prime Minister
Canada is a member of....
The United Nations
Commonwealth of Nations
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Officially bilingual at the federal level
Ethnically diverse and multicultural nation
Geography
National Holidays
Economy
Culture
Heavily influenced by British and American influences
Quebec has a distinct French culture
special laws, constitutional agreements
French is mostly spoken in Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick
Unique cultures are encouraged
Eastern Canada
divided between boreal forest, barren Canadian Shield, St. Lawrence River Valley
South-Central Canada
covered by plains and prairies
Western Canada
rolling terrain on both sides of Rocky Mountains
Large lakes are located throughout
Great Lakes form part of U.S. border with Canada
Northern Canada
arctic lowlands, polar climate
sparsely populated
Most larger cities located in more temperate south
Largest cities:
Toronto, Ontario
Montreal, Quebec
Vancouver, British Columbia
Calgary, Alberta
Ottawa, Ontario
January 1:
New Year’s Day
Typically in April:
Good Friday
Typically in April:
Easter Monday
Monday preceding May 25:
Victoria Day (Celebration of the Queen’s birthday)
July 1:
Canada Day
First Monday in September:
Labor Day
Second Monday in October:
Thanksgiving
November 11:
Remembrance Day (Commemorates of Canada’s war dead)
December 25:
Christmas
December 26:
Boxing Day (Day when shops sell excess Christmas inventory)
Toronto, ON
CN tower
Montmorency Falls
Montreal, QC
Quebec, QC
Legislative Building
Rideau Canal
Ottawa, ON
Largest city in the province of Quebec
Second largest city in Canada
Official language is French
second largest primarily French speaking city in the world, after Paris, France
56% of Montreal's population can speak English and French
Rogers Centre
Fully-guided, two hour zipline tour through a diverse coastal temperate rainforest
Includes 8 scenic ziplines, 2 suspension bridges
Ziplines range from 130-1,000 ft. in length & up to 150 ft. high
Adrena Line Zipline Adventure Tours
Stanley Park
Most densely populated Canadian municipality
One of the most linguistically and ethnically diverse cities in Canada
52% of its residents speak a first language other than English
Vancouver's largest urban park
swimming, hiking, golfing, picnicking, see the totem poles, walk along the sea wall
Vancouver Aquarium
Public aquarium located in Stanley Park
Non-profit society dedicated to the conservation of aquatic life
Whales, sharks, dolphins, sea urchins, many varieties of fish, sea otters, frogs, jellyfish, penguins, and more
Capital city of British Columbia
Fifteenth most populous Canadian urban region
Named after Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom
One of the oldest cities in the Pacific Northwest
Overlooking Victoria's Inner Harbor
Open to the public year-round
Visitors can see the architecture, learn about the Legislative Assembly
Free guided tours last 30 to 45 minutes
Multi-purpose stadium in downtown Toronto next to the CN Tower
Home to the Toronto Blue Jays of Major League Baseball
Primarily a sports venue
also hosts conventions, trade fairs, concerts, monster truck shows
Most populous city in Canada
Largest city in Ontario
One of the most diverse cities in Canada
49% of the population born outside of Canada
1,815.4 ft high concrete tower in downtown Toronto
World's 6th tallest free-standing structure
Attracts more than two million international visitors annually
"CN" refers to Canadian National, the railway company that built the tower
125.5 miles in length
Rideau is French for "curtain"
curtain-like appearance of the river's twin waterfalls where they join the Ottawa river
Capital of the Canadian province of Quebec
Second most populous city in Quebec after Montreal
Founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain
one of the oldest cities in North America
Large waterfall on the Montmorency River in Quebec
Falls are 275 ft high, 150 ft wide
98 ft higher than Niagara Falls
Basin is 56 ft deep
Suspension bridge and staircases allow visitors to view the falls from different perspectives
Military installation
Official residence of both the Monarch of Canada and the Governor General of Canada
National Historic Site of Canada
Citadelle of Quebec
http://facts.randomhistory.com/2009/01/15_canada.html
http://listverse.com/2013/07/01/ten-fascinating-facts-about-canada/
http://www.1stcontact.com/blog/social/funstuff-social/20-interesting-facts-canada/
http://www.hikebiketravel.com/18950/145-weird-fun-interesting-facts-canada/
http://www.hikebiketravel.com/22557/11-national-parks-canada-heard/
http://www.hikebiketravel.com/21031/30-fun-weird-interesting-facts-toronto/
http://www.hikebiketravel.com/22478/30-fun-weird-interesting-facts-ottawa/
http://www.hikebiketravel.com/22149/30-fun-weird-interesting-facts-quebec-city/
http://www.hikebiketravel.com/18950/145-weird-fun-interesting-facts-canada/
http://vancouver.about.com/od/sportsrecreation/tp/Kayaking-In-Vancouver.htm
http://www.hellobc.com/vancouver/things-to-do/water-activities/kayaking-canoeing.aspx
http://vancouver.about.com/od/sportsrecreation/tp/Kayaking-In-Vancouver.htm
http://vancouver.about.com/od/neighbourhoodshousing/a/Gastown-Vancouver-Bc.htm
http://vancouver.about.com/od/historylandmarks/a/Grouse-Mountain-Vancouver.htm
http://www.hellobc.com/victoria.aspx\
http://vancouver.about.com/od/beachesparks/tp/topgardens.htm
http://www.tourismvancouver.com/do/activities-attractions/attractions/10-vancouver-must-see-attractions/
http://allrecipes.com/recipe/nanaimo-bars-iii/
http://www.studycanada.ca/english/climate.htm
http://www.studycanada.ca/english/government.htm
http://www.studycanada.ca/english/education_system_canada.htm
http://www.studycanada.ca/english/economy.htm
http://www.studycanada.ca/english/history.htm
http://www.studycanada.ca/english/tourism.htm
http://travel.usnews.com/Ottawa_Canada/Things_To_Do/National_Gallery_of_Canada_61862/
http://travel.usnews.com/Ottawa_Canada/Things_To_Do/Canadian_Museum_of_Civilization_61868/
http://travel.usnews.com/Ottawa_Canada/Things_To_Do/Rideau_Canal_61857/
http://travel.usnews.com/Ottawa_Canada/Things_To_Do/
http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/about-ausujet/index-eng.htm
http://strandedpassengers.org/the-five-most-beautiful-places-in-canada/
http://erwin.bernhardt.net.nz/america/canadafacts.html

Sources
Full transcript