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WWII: Pacific Battles

World War II Pacific Theater: Battle of Iwo Jima, Midway, and Okinawa
by

Robin H

on 24 April 2015

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Transcript of WWII: Pacific Battles

Credits
Tsukiyama, Ted. "Battle of Okinawa." 11: Battle of Okinawa. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015.
History.com Staff. "Battle of Okinawa." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015.
History.com Staff. "Battle of Midway." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
History.com Staff. "Battle of Iwo Jima." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica. "Iwo Jima | Island, Japan." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica. "Battle of Midway | World War II." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
Conclusion
The battles between America and Japan in the Pacific Theater during World War II were very bloody and tragic, but proved vital for the Allies and the Axis powers' struggle.
Battle of Okinawa
Last and biggest campaign of Pacific Theater
April 1-June 22 1945
Americans invaded the island to capture it
Japanese used many kamikaze (suicide planes) and its final major battleship, Yamoto.
Defense lines across north and south of island proved effective.
Both leading generals died
Many casualties, military and civilian alike.
Taken June 17, 1945 by United States
Battle of Iwo Jima
Iwo Jima is a Japanese island
The US wanted to capture it to use as a base closer to the Japanese mainland rather than returning to the Marianas
Took place February 1945: an amphibious American attack. (water/land)
Hardest places to take: Mount Suribachi, Meatgrinder Hill
Famous photo taken during battle: Raising the Flag at Iwo Jima
Introduction
A lot of World War II's greatest struggles took place in Europe, but the Allies also faced many challenges on the Pacific Ocean, especially between the US and Japan in over-water attacks by plane and ship. Significant battles between the US and Japan include the Battle of Iwo Jima, the Battle of Midway, and the Battle of Okinawa.
WWII: Pacific Battles
Battle of Iwo Jima
Battle of Midway
Took place 6 months after Attack on Pearl Harbour (June 3-6 1942)
After defeat at Battle of Coral Sea (May 1942), Japan advanced to capture Midway Island and Aleutians. Japan thought they had the advantage of surprise.
The US intercepted Japanese telegrams and deciphered their codes so they knew what was coming a month in advance.
A naval attack: fought with submarines, planes
THe US had the advantage of Midway Island and Hawai'i to station airplanes
After three days of fighting, Japan retreated, appalled by loss.
Battle of Okinawa
Battle of Midway
by Robin Huang
Raising of the Flag on Iwo Jima by Joe Rosenthal (AP)
One of the most iconic photos in American history, when the US took control of Mount Suribachi.
from http://www.montney.com/marine/iwo.jpg
Map of Pacific Theater Battles (WWII)
from http://edtech2.boisestate.edu/lockwoodm/worldwar/images/World%20War%20II_%20Pacific%20Theate.JPG
from http://media-1.web.britannica.com/eb-media/80/71380-004-B4724C34.jpg
Battle of Midway
from http://www.history.com/s3static/video-thumbnails/AETN-History_VMS/21/161/History_Report_Battle_of_Okinawa_Speech_SF_still_624x352.jpg
Battle of Okinawa
from http://japanfocus.org/data/135.JPG
Full transcript