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Rastafarianism

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by

Alexandra Burney

on 8 April 2016

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Transcript of Rastafarianism

Popularization
The Facts
Founder: Marcus Garvey
Place Founded: Jamaica
Date Founded: November 2, 1930, but based on a movement in the 1920's
Living God: Jah Ras Tafari
Beliefs
Customs
Whitewashing Rastafari
Snoop Dogg
Rastafarianism
Marcus Garvey and the Movement
More Facts
Epistemological Individualism
Highly decentralized tradition
No official structure
No single set of beliefs and practices
Different sects
Nyahbinghi Order
Bobo Shanti
The Twelve Tribes of Israel
Rastafarian dialect: iyaric, dread-talk
KJV only
"Look to Africa, when a black king shall be crowned, for the day of deliverance is at hand." -1916
Afro-centric, anti-slavery, anti-colonial and anti-imperialist
Recover and rebuild African culture, which was suppressed by brutal European domination
Who is Jah?
Reasoning sessions
Weekly
Chants, prayers, singing
Nyabinghi music
Marijuana
Heighten spiritual states
Closer to God
Used to produce religious or calming visions
Believe use is sacred
Pray before use
"He causeth the grass for the cattle, and herb for the services of man."
Psalm 104:14
"...thou shalt eat the herb of the field."
Genesis 3:18
"...eat every herb of the land."
Exodus 10:12
"Better is a dinner of herb where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith."
Proverbs 15:17
Glory be to the father and to the maker of creation. As it was in the beginning is now and ever shall be World without end: Jah Rastafari: Eternal God Selassie I.
Customs
Dreadlocks
I-tal
Meaning "natural and clean"
Diets can vary
Typically vegan
No alcohol
Similar to halal & Kosher
They shall not make baldness upon their head.
Leviticus 21:5
Reggae
Originated in Jamaica
Ska and other local variations on calypso and rhythm and blues
Trip to Jamaica

3 weeks in early 2012
Exploring their culture and creating new music
Rechristened by a Rastafarian priest
Renamed himself "Snoop Lion"
Reggae album
Documentary on his experience
Snoop Dogg
Reincarnated: the album
Spiritual revelation
Jamaican Rasta Community
Publicity stunt?
Bunny Wailer accused him of "outright fraudulent use of Rastafari Community's personalities and symbolism"
Commercialized view of Rastafari
"Smoking weed and loving Bob Marley and reggae music is not what defines the Rastafari Indigenous Culture."
-Rasta Millennium Council
Dreadlocks: Culture Appropriation?
Do hippies see Dreadlocks and Rastafarianism as a justification for smoking marijuana?
When we asked...
"Dreads and Bob Marley"
"African descent, Black power"
"Music, way of life"
"Colors: green, red, yellow"
"Chill, laid back"
"Peace, love, and music"
What do you think of when you think about Rastafarianism?
Bob Marley
Many reggae musicians practice Rastafari
Many of the lyrics reflect their beliefs and traditions
Early Beliefs
Modern Beliefs
So why is the history of Rastafarianism important to the understanding of its popularization?
Other notable musicians with Rasta influence
Reggae
Hip-hop/other
So why is the history of Rastafari important to the understanding of its popularization?
Tina Cairns, Cody Hill, Kevin Morrison, Alexandra Burney, Hannah Grant
Ras Tafari Makonnen
Born July 23, 1892
Crowned Emperor of Ethiopia on November 2, 1930
Emperor Hailie Selassie I
Full-filled Garvey's prophecy and was then seen as a true Messaih
Rastas refer to him as many names including H.I.M., lords of lords (Rev. 19:16, Jah Rastafari, etc.
Bob Marley & The Wailers
Catch a Fire (1973)
Peter Tosh
Spread globally
Spread knowledge of the Rastafarian religion
The Colors
Popularization & Use
"My boyfriend's stoner room"
Red, Black,
Green, Gold
Dreadlocks
They shall not make baldness upon their head.
Leviticus 21:5
Vanity and physical appearance are unimportnt
Basic tenants of the early traditions according to Leonard Howell:



1. Hatred of whites
2. Superiority of Blacks
3. Haile Selassie as God
4. Repatriation to Africa
5. The Fall of Babylon
6. Reign of Black people
There are traditionalists who still adhere to the early beliefs, but many of these views have faded with time. For example, the Back to Africa movement started to fade with the surprising death of Haile Selassie.



Also, there are a decreasing number of Rastas that hold to the original anti-white rhetoric.
Left for Kingston at age 14 and met Joe Higgs.
This was Marley's first encounter with Rastafarianism.
"Speech is very important to Rastafarians, as it enables the presence and power of God to be felt." --Joseph Owen
Universal symbol for the disregard of vanity and physical appearance.
Eastern and Western Traditions believe that bodily, mental, and spiritual energies may exit the body through the head and hair.
Full transcript