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non-infinitive -ING clauses

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by

Maria Rosario

on 26 October 2012

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Transcript of non-infinitive -ING clauses

NON-FINITE DEPENDENT CLAUSES NON-FINITIVE DEPENDENT CLAUSES -ING CLAUSES "Non-finite clauses are regularly dependent on a main clause. They are more complex and less explicit than finite clauses: they do not have tense or modality, and they usually lack an explicit subject and subordinator" (Biber et al. p.259) TO-Infinitive clauses
ed- Participle Clauses Bare Infinitive Clauses These types of clauses have a varied range of syntactic roles Subject:
e.g: "GOING TO THE BAHAMAS is unimaginable for my family" (The New York Times) Extraposed Subject:
e.g: "It is difficult MOTIVATING PEOPLE WHEN THEY HAVE BEEN HIT DOWN SO MANY TIMES." (Lextutor) Subject Complement:
e.g: "The only way I see to do exactly what I want is DOING IT MYSELF." Direct Object:
e.g:"They describe FEELING LIKE A GUEST AT SOMEONE'S HOUSE: YOU CAN STAY AND LOOK, BUT YOU DON'T BELONG."(The New York Times) Adverbial:
e.g: "Doctors in the study also evaluated boys USING THE TANNER SCALE, A FIVE-STAGE RANKING SYSTEM DEVELOPED FROM A 40-YEAR OLD BRITISH STUDY." (The Independent) AS Prepositional Complement:
e.g: "There is no doubt that New York's most prestigious private schools have made great strides in DIVERSIFYING THEIR STUDENT BODIES." (The New York Times) Relative clause:
e.g:" Many others were doing likewise, and the Guaraní LIVING IN THE REGION found the land on which they had lived for centuries sold from under their feet." (The Independent) Adjectival Complementation:
e.g: "People are so busy BLOOMING, PLAYING AROUND AND SHOUTING and I'm too noisy to block things out." (Lextutor) Activities: Verbless Clauses Nominal Subordinate Clause: Comparative Subordinate Clause: Adverbial Subordinate Clause: Relative Subordinate Clause: From the "Manual de actividades":
Page 81 - Activity 1: Clauses 4 and 5
Page 82 - Activity 2: Clauses 6 and 9
Page 82 - Activity 3: Clauses 1 and 3
Page 83 - Activity 4: Clauses 4 and 8 Comparative clause:
e.g: "In my opinion, it is WORSE looking after my three-year old brother THAN BEING STUCK IN A TRAFFIC JAM". "It is important to have a job" "Finished in 1807, the building was a symbol of history" "They made the professor forget his notes" "Although not unfriendly toward strangers, this dog will protect its family in times of danger".
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