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APUSH Ch 29 - Vietnam timeline

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Tim DeNezza

on 13 April 2015

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Transcript of APUSH Ch 29 - Vietnam timeline

1956
1955
1958
1959
1960
1961
1954
1957
1962
1963
1964
1965
1975
1971
1974
1972
1973
1970
1968
1969
1967
1966
Eisenhower Administration
Kennedy
Administration

Johnson Administration
Nixon Administration
- French defeated at
Dien Bien Phu
Eisenhower's
Domino Theory
-
Geneva Accords
apportion
Vietnam at 17th parallel and
schedule elections in 1956
Elections in the South
are canceled and
Viet
Cong
begin their
insurgency in the South.
Ngo Dinh Diem
's repressive
tactics in the South make
Communist (Nationalist)
Viet Cong more popular.
Eisenhower sends in 900 "military
advisors" to assist Diem in his battle
with Communism.
Kennedy:
1. increases the number of military advisers to 16,000
2. allows for the overthrow of Diem
Kennedy campaigns as strong on defense
- "
missile gap
"
Tonkin Gulf Incident
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Election of 1964
- Goldwater's "
Let's Win Strategy
"
- LBJ appears more moderate
ESCALATION
LBJ chooses ESCALATION
(
Operation Rolling Thunder
)
- support for ARVN
- cut off
Ho Chi Minh trail
- can't be 1st pres to lose war!
185,000 combat troops
in Vietnam by the end
of 1965
Tet Offensive
- "credibility gap"
By the end of 1968, the US had committed 536,000 Troops to Vietnam
Public opposition to the war increases:
- My Lai Massacre
uncovered
- bombing of Laos and Cambodia
-
Pentagon Papers

All add to already existing "
credibility gap
"
-
Kent State
Things go from bad to worse...
- LBJ declares he won't run for reelection
- MLK assassinated
- RFK assassinated
- Democratic Convention of 1968
185,000 combat troops
in Vietnam by the end
of 1965.
Beginnings of domestic opposition to the war and economic problems as the result of huge amounts of government spending (Great Society programs and Vietnam War).
Nixon's Strategy in Vietnam
1.
Vietnamization
-
increase reliance on ARVN; withdraw US troops
2. escalation: bombing of Laos and Cambodia
3. force Ho to negotiation table
US negotiates
peace in Paris
Saigon falls to
Communists
Timeline of US Involvement in Vietnam
1954-1975

Tet
Offensive
1. Why was Vietnam important to the United States?
What was the US goal in Vietnam?
What was the US strategy in Vietnam? (How was it going to achieve its goals?)
2. Why did the strategy fail?
1. US Goals and Strategies
US goal - stop the spread of Communism in SE Asia (we are worried about the domino theory)

US Strategy: use superior firepower of the US military to punish Viet Minh and Viet Cong until they surrendered and gave up trying to create a Communist Vietnam.
2. Why did we fail?
We didn't understand WHO we were fighting or WHY they were fighting.
Viet Minh/Cong were NATIONALISTS fist and Communists second
They wanted a free and independent Vietnam and were willing to endure almost anything to achieve it.
“You will kill 10 of our men, and we will kill 1 of yours, and in the end it will be you who tire of it.”
- Ho Chi Minh
Cuban Missile Crisis
teaches JFK to stand
strong against the
USSR.
LBJ and his advisers tell the American people that we are
winning the war. "Body count" statistics are reported
every evening on the news.
Full transcript