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The first humans

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by

Remko Lulof

on 20 September 2016

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Transcript of The first humans

The first humans
my world history
pages 60-77.

How old are humans?
6 - 2 million b.c.
2011
What are primates?
Where did the first humans (homo sapiens means wise people) come from? They started in Africa and spread over the earth. Neanderthals lived in Europe when the Homo sapiens arrived.
the first homo sapiens on earth were hunter-gatherers. They hunted for animals and collected food to live.
these hunter-gatherers had to
adapt to their new environments:
- which plants can be eaten?
- which animals can we hunt?
- how do we survive?

when the climate would change these people
had to move to another area:
- during the ice ages they moved south
- during the warmer periods they moved north
- they also had to follow the animals that were also
moving because of changing temperatures.
Some groups of people formed even larger communities
to benefit from this. Bigger groups can do bigger and better things. A big group like this is a clan with a clan-leader being the most important person that made all the
descisions.
Various cave paintings have been found that show
how people lived 20.000 years ago. For example the
painting in the cave of Lascaux in France.
These paintings show that humans were capable of complex thoughts and skills.
Another evidence for complex thoughts is that humans
bury their dead. This and paintings show how humans reacted to mysterious and powerful forces, like animals and death.
Early people believed in animism, they believed that spirits lived in animals, rocks, trees, water, weather and sun. Some tribes in Africa and South America still do!
this paleolithic era with hunter-gatherers ends when humans learn a new skill that changed the world: farming.
Early humans made tools from stone. This era
was called the old stone age or Paleolithic era. It lasted from 2,5 million years ago to 10.000 years ago. They also discovered and mastered fire, an important skill.
From the early humans two new groups developed. Homo Sapiens and Neanderthals. Homo sapiens (wise people) could form words, Neanderthals did not. These groups lived near each other but eventually the Neaderthals dissapeared.
Answer the assessment questions on pages 75.
Also answer questions 3,4,5,6,7,9 and 10 on page 76 and the three questions on page 77. Do this in your notebook and write by hand. Not on the computer!

by R.Lulof
International School Twente
Assignment
Read pages 60-63 and answer the questions:
Where did people appear first on earth? Explain your answer.
Who are Lucy and Ardi?
Describe Michael Brunet's discovery and explain why this could be important?

Assignment
Answer question 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 on page 67.
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