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The Rise And The Fall Of The Persian Empire

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Simone P

on 31 August 2015

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Transcript of The Rise And The Fall Of The Persian Empire

The Rise of the Persian Empire
Xerxes the Great 486 BC- 465 BC
Xerxes did not do as much as Cyrus The Great and Darius The Great, however he still was a good king. He commenced the war with Greece that his father had started. He did not conquer any major territories and there were a lot of revolts when he was the king of the Persian Empire. He failed the Persain wars because he failed to realize that his army needed to be reformed in order to defeat Greece. After the war with Greece, he concentrated his time with building projects and revolts which helped the Persian Empire recover from some of the wars.
The Rise And The Fall Of The Persian Empire
The Rise of the Persian Empire
The Rise of the Persian Empire
The Rise of the Persian Empire
The Fall of the Persian Empire
The Persian Empire fell after the death of Xerxes. The reason why was because there was not a strong hand that the Persian Empire needed and many problems started to arise. The March of the Ten Thousand exposed the weakness of the Persian Empire causing Alexander the Great to invade Persia.
The Fall of the Persian Empire
Problems of the Empire
The Persian Empire grew into a powerful empire under King Cyrus and King Darius. With a powerful army, the Persains conqured Mesopotamia, Egypt, and India. The Persian religion was Zoroastianism, which viewed life as a struggle between good and evil. They also believed in heaven and hell as consequences for how they lived their lives. The Persian kings controlled their empire in two ways:

1. Persian Kings were tolerant and allowed conquered people to keep thier languages and religions.

2. Rather than destroying conquered cities, King Cyrus would show respect for local customs.
Cyrus the Great was one of the few kings who actually desereved to be called "The Great". He believed in religious tolerance, cultural tolerance and he showed respect to the cities that were conquered and destroyed. He united the Medes and The Persians to build a great empire. In 530 B.C, he conquered the Babylonians and freed the Jews from Babylonia. He believed in letting people have their religion and culture. Then Cyrus the Great died in battle however, when he died, the Persian Empire had 3 capitals.
When Cyrus the Great died, Darius (the son of Cyrus) picked up where Cyrus left off. Darius the Great divided the empire into 20 provinces, each ruled by a satrap, a local govenor who collected taxes and told the kings of uprisings. Like Cyrus the Great, Darius believed in paying for the architectures and monuments. Darius stretched the empire further than Cyrus. When Daruis died, Xerxes, his son, took over.
By: Alexia Pete
1st Period

Cyrus The Great- 588 B.C - 529 B.C
Darius The Great 528 BC- 493 BC
Social Problems:
Since there was no strong handed
leader, people below the upper class started organizing riots and revolts to
go against the rulers. This caused the rulers to go against their religion. The kings became greedy and began
stealing the supply of riches instead of giving it to the people.
Political Problems:
Weak rulers led provincial revolts, especially in Egypt. Provincial Satrap's became more independent. They ruled their satrapies more as kings than the king's loyal subjects. The government struggled with thriving without having a strong ruler that could train armies to battle and gain wealth for Persia. The government also shifted to dysfunctional dictatorship.
Economic Problems:
Persian taxes became more heavier and more oppressive which led to economic depression and revolts. Crop production decreased which caused more commoners to leave and less trade to happen.
This was the Persian Empire
This was the Persian Empire when Cyrus the Great ruled
This was the Empire when Darius ruled! It has exapnded a lot since Cyrus The Great died.
The Rise and Fall of the
Persain Empire
The Persians survived and re-established their empire under the Sassanid dynasty around 200 C.E. However around 650 C.E, they fell again but to the Arabs this time. The Persians got inspired by the Arabs religion (Islam.) The Persians survived and passed down the culture. A major reason why the empire fell was because they could not make scientific advancements. Persia decreased in complexity which caused a decrease in advancments. This caused their weapon production and safety to diminish.
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