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Physical Education SAC Multimedia Presentation

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Keegan Mason

on 29 March 2013

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Transcript of Physical Education SAC Multimedia Presentation

Initial Assessment The Programs Results Initially all participants were required to complete a subjective method of measurement as well as an objective form of measurement to assess their physical activity levels. The objective method is impartial, meaning it is not affected by personal interpretation or opinion. These devices often have large reaction to the them, where the subject will increase their activity levels because they know that they are being assessed. Examples include accelerometers, pedometres and stopwatches that all record data as it happens. The subjective method requires the person to remember or recall what they have already completed. This method is subject to the observers personal judgement and may be influenced by interpretation or opinion. The method I choose was the use of pedometres as the objective method because it is easy to use and cost effective although not very comprehensive when covering all areas of PA. I asked my subjects to wear this pedometre for one day before their program was undertaken to gauge how much physical activity was completed each day. The use of a recall survey, where people were asked to record the activities that they had completed for the previous week was my subjective method. This method may be affected by some people being biased and changing the answer to what they think is the desired one. For each subject a program was designed specifically for them and created to best fit their lifestyle and preferred forms of physical activity. I will analyse these programs in their groups again as usually the programs are similar for the people I ranked in the same group. Physical Activity Levels There are many sporting clubs throughout the Wimmera and I believe that 11 of my subjects are in some way involved with one of the clubs at least. These sporting clubs have many opportunities to be physically active, whether it is from playing to running water to umpiring. The facilities are ever increasing also such as the development of running tracks with body weight resistance training equipment and the funding for new soccer pitch's. Policies at school create a physically active background for most kids to some degree and policies are implied so that there is always sports and recreation facilities available nearby The results I collected were mixed with some of the subjects doing exactly as I asked of them and others not changing. The subjects that I asked to maintain their physical activity levels did exactly that. Grace did not incorporate some other forms of exercise into her week as suggested but this is no major problem. Daniel and Campbell were more creative though completing activities such as boxing, volleyball and dancing to fill in their days. Tom's week was very similar although he now is playing footy on Saturdays dramatically increasing his energy expenditure on that day. Rod's activity remained relatively similar as he was still completing the correct amount of physical activity and taking a healthy amount of steps each day but was still far to sedentary. Nick did what was recommended of him and completed some other types of physical activity including mountain hiking, bike riding and tennis. Wil's results showed that his levels had not changed too much although he did cut back on the swimming and increased other forms of activity such as gym work which was great to see. Graeme continued to walk but increased the intensity of these walks. He also threw in some other activities such as swimming and hiking which was really positive. Helene motivated herself a couple of times during the week to get up early and ride a stationary bike for half an hour which was as suggested, she is also considering a gym membership at the YMCA. Her and Gary, her husband, are working together to get each motivated and Gary went for some runs a couple of mornings each week aswell as walking the lake at Murtoa at lunch which is a significant improvement on his previous 'poor' activity levels. Janine and Russell both attended a class at the YMCA with a positive outcome. They went walking together a couple of evenings a week, therefor showing slight improvement but nothing serious. By Keegan Mason The results that I collected from my subjects varied greatly. I ranked the subjects one of either poor, average, good or great in regards to the physical activity levels. There were 4 people (Daniel, Grace, Tom, Campbell) ranked 'great' as they were completing the NPAG (National Physical Activity Guidelines) in every area. This people were all of the age 14-27, three of them being adolescents. The steps that were taken before the program, by these people reflected their healthy lifestyles. This is an example of an objective measure as it is not changed by the individuals own judgment and can be compared accurately. It removes the recall so there is no doubting the results. All four subjects were between 8,000 and 13,000 and this was with allowances such as that the pedometre could not be worn when swimming or playing footy or that a large portion of their day is taken away by sitting at school. This helped me realise that my participants had no trouble completing enough physical activity but it provided no assistance in measuring the intensity, type and frequency of the activities. The survey was able to tell me these other factors although doing a recall survey is a bit inaccurate. The results may be a bit bias when people the respond with what they perceive to be the desired response. A survey of this kind is good because it reduces reactivity to a measurement device. As it is not until after the activities have been completed that the recording is taken. Three of my subjects ( Mr Kirkwood, Mr Rigas and Wil) I judged as 'good' in terms of their physical activity and sedentary behaviour levels in comparison to the NPAG guidelines. Two of these were teachers over 30 years of age and the third was a student that is 17 years old. The major down fall for two (Mr Kirkwood and Wil) of these subjects was their high levels of sedentary behaviour. They may have been meeting the required time, type, intensity and duration of physical activity but there was too much time out of their day spent sitting or lying, meaning that they are expending close to 1 MET. All three of these people were found to have good step counts for each day which indicates for the time that they are not sedentary they are quite active. Mr Rigas was meeting the guidelines in terms of time and frequency but he was lacking in the type of exercise, as he completed walking most often with therefor meant the intensity was also not meeting the recommended levels. The steps that Wil recorded were not meeting the 10,000 which is recommended but this was largely due to the fact that most of physical activity was done as swimming so the pedometre could not be worn. It is also understood that there may be other restrictions of sedentary behaviour and physical activity such as parenting. Two of my subjects I classed as 'average' in the physical activity and sedentary behaviour levels (Helene, Graeme). These subjects are both over the age of 40. Graeme was meeting the guidelines in terms of frequency and time from the survey. He listed walking as the activity he completed nearly every day which is good for weight management but not so good for fitness and health. Therefore he was not meeting the type and intensity of activity and the lack of variety in his activities were evident. Helene was close to meeting the guidelines but fell short on a couple of days. There was a lack of vigorous activity which is not preferable and this can also relate back to the type of activity undertaken as it is uncommon that walking and household chores are going to become high intensity. Although Graeme walked a lot his pedometre reading of 4,800 showed that he was getting less than half the recommended amount of physical activity on the average day. Helene's achieved 14,000 steps in her day which means that without completing any significant exercise sessions she is constantly on the move throughout the day, this may be influenced by her job as a primary school teacher. The remaining three subjects (Janine, Russell, Gary) were all parents and were all classed as 'poor' in terms of meeting the guidelines. All three subjects completed minimal sessions, at low intensities for short periods of time. The activities usually were walking, work commitments and parental roles have heavily influenced this group. All of them I have spoken to and claim that they lacked time after working during the day then had to spend time chasing multiple children after wards. These factors come under the Individual and Environmental categories of the social-ecological model. This is reflected in their time spent being sedentary as all three have below the recommended 2 hours showing that they rarely spend time sitting or lying unnecessarily. In the pedometre results all three of their resuts ranged from 6,000 to 8,000 which means that they fall a couple thousand short of the recommended level. For the subjects ranked 'great' the emphasis was on maintaining their healthy levels of physical activity and sedentary behaviour and fine tuning it. Daniel and Grace completed a lot of the same activities throughout their week, football and netball respectively, so I recommended that they mix it up a bit with some other forms of high intensity activities that are low strain on the body to give them a bit of a rest so that they are still able to perform at maximal performance in their competitive sports. The activities I recommended include boxing, swimming and cycling. As this group had only to maintain their physical activity levels it was recommended that they offer social support to those they are close with (friends, family) and may be requiring some improvement in their own physical activity levels. For the 'good' group each of the three subjects have varying problems with their activity. Wil was exercising most days but not all, it was recommended that he find some alternate forms of exercise for these days and also to mix into his usual week as he was completing a lot of swimming. There is nothing wrong with completing large amounts of the same form of exercise, but different forms of exercise give you different benefits. Rod and Wil both completed to much sedentary behaviour throughout their days and it was recommended to them to identify where this time was being spent and if possible eradicate it from their lifestyle. Nick was recommended to complete a wider range of physical activity as his usual form was walking. It was suggested that he find some stairs in his area such as the city oval and incorporate some stair climbs into his walks to lift the intensity and to achieve some more health benefits. The 'average' group is next. Graeme was recommended to complete some more moderate to vigorous physical activity as he did a lot of walking. As he lives close to the showgrounds it was recommended that he complete some stair climbs here in his walks. Both Graeme and Helene were recommended to look at the classes and facilities at the nearby YMCA. For Helene who needed to find some more forms of physical activity classes such as step aerobics and Pilates were recommended. For Graeme, swimming was suggested along with spin sessions. Graeme was also completing very little steps throughout his day so it was recommended he identify why that is and change it if possible, because being a teacher is usually a very active occupation. The 'poor' subjects were suggested to start increasing their physical activity levels gradually. For the program it was recommended that all they do is try some new forms of physical activity until they find something that they enjoy and know they can and will complete on a regular basis. As Janine and Russell are married they were recommended to work together to motivate each other to become more physically active. As time constraints were a major inhibiting factor for them it was suggested that they free up some time in their daily schedule for exercise. In the morning before work was recommended as usually it won't clash with other commitments and once it is complete it leaves you feeling good about yourself for the rest of the day. Evaluation The physical activity strategies that I used mainly come under the Environment (social) division of the Social-ecological model. These include: considering family (kids, married), social support through someone to be active with and someone to encourage physical activity (spouse or children) and finally including social events, meetings and trainings (football/netball, gym classes). Other strategies implemented include: increasing individual knowledge towards physical activity (individual), considers the natural environment (physical environment factors) and creating organisational change (organisational factor). I believe that for some of my subjects that were struggling to complete physical activity (Janine, Russell, Gary) was largely due to individual factors. For them stronger intervention should be undertaken and the use of counselling through a personal trainer or general practitioner, using mass media to inform them of the problems with not being adequately physically active and the use of goals should be implemented. A better understanding of where each of these subjects lives would be useful. There are many places to be physically activity in Horsham if you know where they are. There is plenty grassed surfaces, gyms and running tracks that all present great opportunity for physical activity. Only one of my subjects was physically active during their lunch time, as Gary went and walked a lap of the nearby lake which is a great way to get 30 minutes of physical activity.
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