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First Nations real project

social studies
by

Trisha Gomez

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of First Nations real project

Aboriginals First Nations Aboriginals were the first people to
live in Canada, and they are very simple
people. The Aboriginals spoke many different languages and practiced different costumes. Later on,they developed into many groups and settled in different parts of Canada. Where They Lived How it all Began The Aboriginals lived all across Canada. They lived in every province in Canada, except for Nunavut. If Aboriginals did live in Nunavut there would only be a few of them. However, most Aboriginals lived in the Southern part of Canada near the Ocean. Most Aboriginals preferred living close to water because they relied on it for food and water. Aboriginal Celebrations Clothing and Transportation Aboriginal Clothing Aboriginal Culture and Art Aboriginal Culture Migration There are 2 theories explaining
how the Aboriginals might have arrived to Canada from Asia. Land Bridge Theory The Land Bridge theory says that, throughout the Pleistocene ice age, the sea levels lowered and it created a Land Bridge between Asia and Alaska. This made it possible to land travel. When some of the Aboriginals arrived at Alaska, they could no longer go on because gargantuan ice sheets were in their way. Then, they went the other direction, down the west coast of North America. Water Travel Theory The Water Travel theory says, that people from long ago already knew how to build/had the technology to build boats, for journeys across the Ocean. The Aboriginals crossed the Ocean from Asia to Canada by boat. Then they settled down in Canada. Celebrations There are many different Aboriginal groups/tribes in Canada and they ate different things. So here are just a few of the many things that Aboriginal tribes ate.
The Blackfoot tribe ate mainly buffalo, but they also ate deer, plants, and berries(e.g. black berries, raspberries, and blue berries). Mi'kmaq tribe ate mostly moose, they also ate squirrels, and harvest sea weed. Caribou Inuit ate whales, walrus, seal, polar bears, birds and many other animals. These are just some of the many things that Aboriginal tribes ate. Also, the three sisters are corn beans, and squash. They grew the 3 sisters in the Spring and harvested it in the Fall. The Aboriginals believed that the squash provided sunlight to prevent weeds from growing. They used corn flour to make bread, cakes and bannock. They also used the corn to feed the animals. The Aboriginals used the left over parts of the corn to make baskets, mats, masks and many more things. As I mentioned earlier, Aboriginals lived all across Canada. So what they lived in, depended on where they lived. The Okanagan lived in a Pit house because they live in plateau areas. The Pit house kept them cool in the summer and warm in the winter. The Iroquoians , which lived in the Eastern Woodlands, lived in Long houses. Long houses were made from animal skin and birch bark, so that they would be warm in the winter. The Chippewa who lived in the Subarctic, lived in Dome lodges. The frame of the Dome Lodge was made with saplings, and then covered with animal skins and bark. A smoke hole was made in the middle of the roof. The Blackfoot who lived in the Plains, lived in tipis. Tipis were made from birch bark and animal skins. They lived in tipis because they were nomadic, and tipis were easy to disassemble and reassemble. The Inuits, who lived in the Central Arctic, lived in Igloos. The Igloos were made from ice blocks and lots of snow. These are the different types of shelters that the Aboriginals lived in. Aboriginal Groups that Lived in Those Regions There are 6 regions that Aboriginal groups lived in. Here is a list of some of the groups that lived in those regions.

Coastal= Tsimshian and Coast Salish.
Plateau= Okangan.
Plains= Blackfoot and Plains Cree
Eastern Woodlands= Algonquin and
Iroquois
Sub Arctic= Chipewyan, Cree, and Beaver.
Arctic= Copper Inuit, and Caribou Inuit. Where Aboriginals Lived Groups Aboriginals have many celebrations, but there are 3 main ones which are, Potlatch, Powwow, and Sun dance. During Potlatch celebration, they celebrated, births, weddings, and totem raising. They do this by, dancing, playing music, and having a feast.
Another celebration that the Aboriginals celebrate is Powwow. In an Aboriginal language Powwow means celebration. During the Winter, Aboriginal families go hunting far away from their homes. As the Winter season end's, friends and family come together and thank the God for providing them with food during Winter. They do this by dancing, playing the drums, and having a feast at the end.
The other celebration is the Sun dance and it is usually held in midsummer. The Sun dance is a time for the Aboriginals to make community announcements, thank nature and to renew friendships. They danced, singed, played the drums and did many more things to celebrate. Celebrations Shelter What Aboriginals wore depended on the climate and their resources. Since the Inuit lived in the Arctic they wore very warm clothing. They used Caribou fur to make warm jackets, shirts, dresses and pants. They also used seal skin to make water proof boots. The Aboriginals that lived in the North West Coast used spruce roots to make water proof hats. They also used the inner bark from Cedar trees to make capes and skirts. The Aboriginals that lived in the Plains (near also) used buffalo and moose hide to make leggings, dresses, shirts, and moccasins. Aboriginal Ways of Transporting The Inuit traveled from place to place by walking, using snowshoes and toboggans. The snow shoes were made from spruce roots, and the toboggans were made from bark and animal hide. The Aboriginal groups that lived in the Plains, Plateau, and Eastern Woodlands traveled from place to place by walking, using Cedar Bark Canoes and Birch Bark Canoes. The canoes were made from Cedar bark and Birch bark. Aboriginals are very religious and spiritual people. They believe that Gods created the world and people. Aboriginals had great respect for nature/ their environment. For example, whiles an animal is dying the hunter would talk or sing to the animal thanking it for providing food for their family. Aboriginal Art Art was very important to the Aboriginals. They craved totem poles, made dream catchers and painted/ drew pictures. Totem poles were important to the Aboriginals because each totem pole told a true story. Aboriginals made dream catchers because they believed that the air is filled with good and bad dreams. The dream catchers captured the good dreams and eliminate the bad ones. In theses days people use dream catchers just for decorations. The Aboriginals painted/ drew pictures of animals like bears, eagles and wolves. Some of their art work are still cherished today by many people. Environment Why Was the Environment so important to the Aboriginals? The Aboriginals were very spiritual towards the environment. They believed in Mother Nature, and that they should always treat her with great respect. They treated their environment with great respect because they believe that Mother Nature provided them with food, materials to build their homes with, water and many more things. For example, during the Sun dance festival, they would thank Mother Nature for giving them light to be able to see during the day, and to not be surrounded by pure darkness. Aboriginals also told many stories about their environment/nature to the young children because it is still a major part of their life style. By: Trisha Baramdeo Contact with The Europeans Coming in Contact When the Europeans arrived at the Americas they came in contact with the Aboriginals. At first the Europeans were very nice towards the Aboriginals. However they didn't touch their skin but only the things that they were wearing like fur clothing and gold. It seemed like that the Europeans were not interested in them, but the things that they wore. Then, they started to trade with each other. The Europeans gave the Aboriginals metal knifes, metal axes, sewing needles, copper pots, cloth, alcohol and many more items. In return they revived animals furs, knowledge of plant medicines, knowledge of the lakes, rivers, forests and many more. Later on they had a war where both Europeans and Aboriginals died. The Europeans left the Americas never to return again. Conflict Aboriginal Shelters 1.) The fur trade led to many problems for the Aboriginals. A lot of competition was created by the trade and many Aboriginal groups were at war with each other. For example, in the 1600s, the Iroquois were at war with many strong Aboriginal groups, but they always won. They became the most powerful Aboriginal tribe/group in the East.
2.) As the Europeans moved across the Americas they gave the Aboriginals many diseases that they could not cure. For example, smallpox had killed about 75% of the Aboriginals.
3.) The Europeans took the Aboriginals away from the Americas and brought them to their home land. There, the Aboriginals became slaves for the Europeans. Why did the Europeans take the Aboriginals to C.R.S? Around the 1830s the first Canadian Residential School was opened by the Europeans. The Europeans did this because they thought the Aboriginals were uncivilized and that they lived like animals. So the Europeans took the Aboriginal children to the C.R.S to teach them their culture. The children were taken away from their families for 10 months each year, and only got to spend time with each other for 2 months. At the C.R.S the children did chores for half a day, and the other half they went to school. The Europeans thought that they were helping the Aboriginals. However the Aboriginals did not feel that way. I feel that what the Europeans did to the Aboriginals was wrong. I think that if they thought that the Aboriginals lived like animals and that they were uncivilized, they should of asked them if they wanted them to teach them their culture. This is my opinion. Aboriginal Children learning in Canadian Residential School Aboriginal Foods Foods Current Issues Attawapiskat Attawapiskat is considered a 4Th world community. The people living in Attawapiskat do not have clean running water, proper homes, hardly any electricity and instead of learning in a school they are learning in run down portables. The government has only given Attawapiskat about half a $million, and that can only fix about 5 buildings. The contact with the Europeans led to this because they left the Aboriginals to live on reserves while they "owned" the rest of the land.The Chief of Attawapiskat went on a hunger strike so that she can talk to Stephan Harper our Canadian prime minister, to ask him to help them. I find it very sad that she had to go on a hunger strike just to talk to Stephen Harper. Anyone should be able to talk to him with out going on a hunger strike. Don't you? Shannen Koostachin Shannen Koostachin lived in Attwapiskat. She and her classmates learned in a run down portable. Shannen wanted a school to learn in and not some cold smelly portable. She and her classmates made videos, wrote speeches and mailed letters to the Government saying that they wanted a new school. The Government said that they would give them a new school. However, lets just say that promises were broken. All of the children were furious, especially Shannen. Unfortunately Shannen died in a car accident at the age of 15. Till this very day they still don't have a school. I think that it is unfair that we have a school and they don't. We are all equal so each and everyone of us should be treated equally. Aboriginal Contributions Canadian Residential Schools Aboriginals made many contributions. Here is a list of the few things that Aboriginals contributed. The Aboriginals contributed:
Corn- they were the first to grow corn and use it as a staple
Spurs trees- they chewed the sap which created chewing gum.
Sunflower seeds- first ones to eat it and make oil out of it
Maple trees- from maple tree they got maple syrup. Now we use maple syrup on pancakes
tea made with black berry plant- it is used to cure stomach aches

These are just a few of the many contributions that Aboriginals made to our society.
I hope that you all enjoyed my social studies presentation! The End!
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