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Early Christian-Byzantine Art

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Brianna Reynolds

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Early Christian-Byzantine Art

This style includes a variety
of different mediums, such as:
• Mosaics
• Marble
• Moldings
• Paintings
• Murals
• And many others
Mosaics are probably one of
the most seen mediums in this style, these magnificent works of art line the walls and ceilings of many Basilicas and Cathedrals of the period. Some of the more famous mosaics are found in the Hagia Sophia; the mosaics often depict Jesus and his disciples - With this style the images are often rigid and straight, the emotions seem hidden as though the people depicted have some sort of a secret they're hiding.
Early Christian-Byzantine Art
Early Christian Art
was first seen
sometime around the the end of the second century and the beginning
of third century -
roughly 200 CE
to 300 CE.

Byzantine Art
was first seen sometime in the middle of the third century, and continued into the fourteenth century - roughly 330 CE to 1400 CE
This piece is called The Annunicitation
from Ohrid
Basilica of
Early Christian-Byzantine
architecture is characterized by the transition between square architecture and round, as well the ceilings went vertically upward. The buildings (primarily cathedrals and churches) Became longer, taller, and more decorated. The inner walls of these buildings were decorated with colorful mosaics and elaborate carvings in the molding.
St. Demetrios
at the
Hagios Demetrios
Basilica in
Mosaic of Christ Pantocrator from Hagia Sophia from the Deesis mosaic.

6th-century mosaic of Jesus
at the Sant'Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna

Hagia Sophia in Constantinople
(present-day Instanbul, Turkey)
The Sarcophagus of
Junius Bassus
is considered one of the most famous Early Christian sculptures. It was made roughly around 359 CE.
The majority of
Early Christian-Byzantine
sculptures came out of Rome during the reign of Constantine. Constantine was one of the first Christian Roman Emperors, and during his reign many of the early christian-byzantine art pieces emerged.
Brescia Casket

is and ivory
sculpture that came
out of Italy in the 4th
century. The surface
of the box is covered
in small religious
scenes. The apostles
lining the lids, and
Jesus healing a
woman on the front.
From what I've found it seems
that this style isn't known for its paintings, the mediums most seen are architecture, mosaics, and murals. Though this isn't the main medium of the style, there are some paintings that shouldn't be over looked. Over all this style is known for its stiff characters and warm golden vibrant colors. These characteristics flow in and out throughout all the styles mediums, but is especially beautiful in paintings.
This painting is called Madonna and Child and was done by the Italian painter Lucca Berlinghiero in the thirteenth-century. It wasn't actually made in the time frame of the early Christian and Byzantine art, but the artist was definitely influenced by the style. You can see this by the way the people are depicted as being stiff, as well the rich and golden colors that this style is known for.
This painting is called Pietà, it is one of many images throughout history that depict the virgin Mary holding and crying over her son.
This painting is done in true byzantine style.
This painting is
called Icon with
the Presentation
of Christ in the
Temple, it was
made near the
end of the Byzantine
era. It was done with ground gold on
Last Judgement
- Mosaic
The Nativity of Christ
Painted mural
The domes in the Hagia Sopia
This style, as a
mainly architectural style has many murals - some painted on the ceilings, some carved into the walls, and some made with colored stones and glass.
Early Christian-Byzantine timeline
200-300 Early Christian art started to pop
CE up around in various cultures.
324 CE Constantine I became emporor

325 CE Constantine doesn't like the
the division of the church
330 CE Thought to be when the Roman
Empire became the Byzantium
526 CE Justinian I came into power; the
the Hagia Sophia was constructed.
526-47 San Vitale constructed in Ravenna,
CE Italy.
530-49 Sant' Apolinare in Classe
CE Constructed in Ravenna, Italy.
1400 CE End of the Byzantium Era
beginning of the Ottoman Empire.
Justinian I, Bishop Maximus, and attendants
Saint Apollinaris Amid Sheep
and Child
Casket with Warriors and Dancers
11th-Century Byzantine Ivory box
with copper gilt
Full transcript