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sports injuries

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Saegyul Rhee

on 25 May 2012

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Transcript of sports injuries

Sports Injuries 1. What is Sports Injury
2. Sprain and strain
3. Knee Injury
4. Concussion
5. Achilles tendon injury
6. Fracture
7. Dislocation
8. Treating Injury
9. Prevention of injury What is a Sports Injury? Table of Contents 3. Injuries can occur by
1) Accidents
2) Poor training practices
3) improper equipments
4) lack of condition
5) insufficient warm up and stretching Knee Injury Strain Sprain Stretch or tear of a ligament CAUSE: by a trauma (fall, or blow to the body) ranges from 1st degree to 3rd degree SYMPTOMS: muscle pain, swelling, bruising Muscle becomes overstretched and tears. Also called pulled muscle

The tearing of the muscle can also damage small blood vessels, causing local bleeding

CAUSE: an accident, improper use of muscle, or overuse of muscle.

SYMPTOMS: pain moving the muscle, discolored and bruised skin, swelling, muscle spasm. 1. Knee joint:
. Femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone) form the joint itself

2. Two types of cartilage in the knee
-Lateral Meniscus
-Medial Meniscus
Meniscus- crescent shaped disc
3. The stability of the knee joint is maintained by four ligaments, thick bands of tissues that stabilize the joint
- MCL(Medial collateral ligament) , LCL (Lateral collateral ligament)
- ACL (Anterior cruciate ligament) , PCL (Posterior cruciate ligament)

4.ACL, PCL, MCL, LCL injuries
5. Knee Pain from Chondromalacia:
6. Knee Pain from Tendonitis and Ruptured Tendons Concussion 1.Type of Traumatic Brain injury
2.Usually not life-threatening injury, yet their effects can be serious

CAUSE: Bump, blow, or jolt to the head that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth

SYMPTOMS: Difficulty thinking clearly, difficulty remembering new information, headache, nausea, balance problems, sadness, nervousness, sleeping more than usually, trouble falling asleep Dislocation 1. separation of an object or material into two, or more, pieces under the action of stress

2. Often applied to bones

3. Bones of the body form skeleton

4. Grow rapidly during one's early years and renew them when they are broken

5. Have a center called the marrow.
Also contain the minerals and calcium and phosphorus.

6. The severity of a fracture usually depends on the force that caused the fracture.

7. CAUSE: low bone density, osteoporosis

8.SYMPTOM: misshapen limb or joint,
swelling, bruising, bleeding
intense pain
numbness and tingling
limited mobility or inability to move a limb Joint injuries that force the ends of your bones out of position

CAUSE: Fall or a blow from playing a contact sport

SYMPTOM: can't move the joint
often are swollen, very painful and visibly out of place Hard to tell a dislocated bone from a broken bone Treating Sprain and Strain Treating Knee Injury RICE

MCL injuries: non-surgical
LCL injuries: non-surgical
PCL injuries: non-surgical
ACL injuries: Surgery Treating Fracture 1.Cast Immobilization


3.Surgery Treating Dislocation Achilles Tendon Injury 1.Fibrous tissue that connects the heel to the calf muscles

CAUSES: overuse, misalignment, improper footwear, accidents

Achilles Tendinitis
Noninsertional Achilles Tendinitis
Insertional Achilles Tendinitis Rest
-get a lot of sleep at night
-avoid alcohol and illegal drugs
-avoid mental, physical activities
-use ice pack on swelling Treating Achilles tendon injury 1. First goal: to reduce swelling and pain
2. Second goal: speed recovery and rehabilitation

RICE therapy (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation)

1. Rest
2. Ice
3. Compression
4. Elevation

May start with range of motion exercises, such as writing the alphabet in the air with the big toe. SYMPTOMS: pain and stiffness along the Achilles tendon in the morning.
Severe pain the day after exercising
Thickening of the tendon
Bone Spur 1. RICE

2. Calf Stretch

3. Physical Therapy

4. Cortisone injections

5. Surgery: The dead portion of the tendon is removed 1.Each location receives differernt treatment

-Shoulder Dislocation
-Finger Dislocation

2. Begin rehabilitation once the joint can be used again. A number of weeks needed to regain range of motion. Focus Questions 1. What are the most common sports injuries?
2. How do you treat injuries?
3. How do you prevent injuries? How to prevent injuries 1. Be in proper shape to play a sport
2. Follow the rules
3. Wear appropriate and protective gears
4. Rest
5. Warm up
6. Stop playing when in pain Michael L. Lipton: Heading a soccer ball could lead to brain injury 1. Used Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI)

2. Measured FA (fractional anisotropy) of of the movement of water molecules along axons. Conclusion 1. Most common injuries: Sprain, Strain, Knee injury, concussion, achilles tendon injury, fracture, dislocation

2. How to treat them: RICE therapy, rehabilitation, surgery

3. How to prevent them: protect yourself all the time, stretch, follow the rules, warm up Treating Concussion Fracture References http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sportsinjuries.html
Frequent "Heading" in Soccer Can Lead to Brain Injury and Congenitive Impairement: http://www.einstein.yu.edu/news/releases/744/frequent-heading-in-soccer-can-lead-to-brain-injury-and-cognitive-impairment/ http://www.einstein.yu.edu/news/releases/744/frequent-heading-in-soccer-can-lead-to-brain-injury-and-cognitive-impairment/
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