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Tourism Gap Learning Part 2

Outline of tourism for revision
by

Darren Atkinson

on 7 May 2013

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Transcript of Tourism Gap Learning Part 2

Tourism Tourism is the i___________ that provides services for people to go on h___________. Why has tourism increased? B____ Model Mass Tourism
A_____ Extreme Tourism
Antarctica TV and internet Weather A___________ like Ryanair and easyJet The average w________ in the UK has risen since 1971 The e________y is in better shape some years than others Jumbo jets were introduced in 1971. They can carry m________ people further and more c________y Tour o___________s compete with each other Eco-tourism
The Inca Trail and Machu Picchu UK Tourism
Weston-super-Mare CASE STUDIES Sustainable Tourism S___________
Conservation
Sustainable Development
Eco-t___________ What is eco-tourism? Tourism that focuses on p_________ the environment and the local way of life. Eco-tourism usually involves small-group travel to natural and u__________ environments.

It is often e___________, supports long-term c___________ and has minimal impact on the natural environment.

It seeks to benefit local communities and encourages r___________ for different cultures. What attracts people to Weston? Footpath e________ Dog fouling on beach Litter Traffic c_________
and pollution O________ing Negative Impacts P_______ impacts: The Impacts S___________s for coping with the impacts of large numbers of tourists Dogs b_______ from beach Public footpaths Bins on beach Car parks and
Park and R_____
schemes Beach c________ e__________ opportunities
income for individuals and Weston
multiplier effect
improved f_________ for locals Construction jobs often go to locals, although they are temporary. Improved s__________ of living. All inclusive holidays mean tourists d____ spend money in the local restaurants. Jobs for locals are l___ p____ and low skilled. 96% of the money spent goes back to the ____ as tourism dominated by large travel companies. Antiguan culture is being c_________ to suit the tourists e.g. KFC in place of local restaurants. Improved r_____, railways and
airports and ports also benefit the locals. M______ – from the jobs, and
money spent by tourists. Jobs e.g. workers in hotels,
boat drivers, souvenir sellers. Problems Benefits 4. Target the h__________ class tourists so more can be charged and fewer tourists are needed. 3. Eco-tourism – tourists encouraged to work on e___________ projects such as creating artificial coral reefs. 2. History – encourage tourists to visit the m___________ of slavery to gain an understanding of the history of Antigua. 1. Holistic experience – tourists spend time in local c___________ e.g. 2 hours in the home of an Antiguan. Strategies for maintaining the importance of tourism 5. Maximum group size of 16 with 2 guides. 4. Numbers restricted to 5____ people per day (200 trekkers & 300 staff eg guides, cooks and porters). 3. Visitors must pay an entrance fee of $50 which creates an income for the maintenance of the trail. 2. All tour operators must be registered 1. Independent trekkers are n____ allowed In 2001 the Peruvian government created a set of rules to ensure the site is managed in a SUSTAINABLE way. Campsites were o___________ and there was a lack of proper sanitation causing pollution and creating potential health risks Litter polluted the area. People climbed freely over the ruins and Inca sites were being d__________. Before 2001 visitors could walk the route w_________ a guide and camp where they liked. Heavy usage of a well preserved path built 550 years ago - The Inca Trail, leading to e________. 400,000 visitors each year. THE SOLUTIONS THE PROBLEMS MACHU PICCHU – an example of eco-tourism and planning for sustainable development. 7. The Inca Trail is closed each F__________, the wettest month, to give the vegetation a chance to recover. 6. Porters must have reasonable working conditions. Wages $_____ a day. Maximum weight they can carry 25kg What is extreme tourism? When tourists go on holiday to an e________ environment or to undertake an extreme a________. Positive Factors Negative Factors Strategies to cope with tourism Money used to help c_________ wildlife and carry out research. Gives the opportunity for tourists to see animals in their natural h________. Provides j____ for ship workers and guides. P_________ environmental awareness. Boats can carry alien organisms which can interfere with the local e_____________. Shipping accidents could result in oil p____________ the local area. Tourists can d_______ wildlife and disrupt breeding. There must be one guide for every twenty visitors. Only 1____ people allowed onshore at once. Ships regularly c__________ to remove Mediterranean Mussels from the hull. Hotel building is n_____ allowed. Only o____ ship can ‘land’ at a time.
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