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Rwanda Genocide

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wamy sanchez

on 16 April 2013

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Transcript of Rwanda Genocide

1894 - mid July 1994 Rwanda Genocide 1894 - Germany colonized Rwanda 1918-1933 - The Belgians assumed control of Rwanda
and organize a census and mandate that everyone be issued an identity card classifying them as either Tutsi, Hutu, or Twa. Stage 1: Classification In 1918 Belgians took control of Rwanda and then in 1933
they decided to split the country into two deferent tribes the "Hutu" and the "Tutsi". The Tutsi become the leaders of the country and the Hutu become the lower class Stage 2: Symbolization Every person is issued an identification card that shows if they are Tutsi or Hutu. Tutsis have lighter skin and are taller. Hutu are darker and shorter. Differences between the two groups were eliminated by intermarriage. Stage 3: Dehumanization Hutu hate radio reffered to the Tutsis as cockroaches. Stage 5: Polarization RTLM, the Hutu radio station, starts spreading hate and propaganda against the Tutsi people. 1948- The United Nations passes a resolution which both defines genocide and declares it a crime under international law. 1958-1962 - the Hutu Rebellion begins, the Tutsi monarchy is abolished and Rwanda gains its independence. 1973 - Juvénal Habyarimana takes control of Rwanda in a bloodless coup.

1988-1990 - The RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) is created in Uganda. In 1989 World coffee prices plummet. This significantly affects Rwanda's economy because coffee was one of its major cash crops. In 1990 The RPF invade Rwanda, starting a civil war. Leading to the Genocide 1991 - A new constitution allows for multiple political parties.
July 8, 1993 - RTLM (Radio Télévison des Milles Collines) begins broadcasting and spreading hate.
August 3, 1993 - The Arusha Accords are agreed upon, opening government positions to both Hutu and Tutsi.
April 6, 1994 - Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana is killed when his plane is shot out of the sky. Hutu president of Burundi, Cyprien was also killed in the crash. It is unknown who was responsible for shooting down the plane. Stage 4: Organization The Interhamwe, a hutu death squad, was formed. They would travel to Tutsi homes and terrorize and kill the Tutsi. Any Hutu that wasn't a part of the Interhamwe was just as bad as the Tutsi. Works Cited Fisanick, Christina. The Rwanda Genocide. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 2004. Print.

"Rwanda Genocide." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2013.

"Rwandan Genocide Project (RTLM Radio)." YouTube. YouTube, 15 Apr. 2009. Web. 07 Apr. 2013

Spalding, Frank. Genocide in Rwanda. New York, NY: Rosen Pub., 2009. Print. Stage 6: Preparation The victims of the attacks were found by using the I.D cards that the Hutu government have previously implemented.
Groups such as the Interhamwe, rebel groups, were formed. Stage 7: Extermination The names and addresses of Tutsi people were read over the RTLM radio station while the Interhamwe went door to door torturing and killing Tutsi people. The Interhamwe set up road blocks all over Kigali, stopping anyone who would try to drive or travel throught the city. They would check the I.D cards and if they were Tutsi they would be killed. Stage 8: Denial The UN tried to deny the occurrence of a genocide while it was ongoing. The UN High Commission of Human Rights conducted an “investigation” into the matter.
After long debates, the massacres in Rwanda were finally recognized as a genocide. Today, the UN clearly recognizes the failures of UNAMIR, and does not deny the occurrence of the genocide. Books, Movies, and personal accounts Hotel Rwanda - "The true-life story of Paul Rusesabagina, a hotel manager who housed over a thousand Tutsi refugees during their struggle against the Hutu militia in Rwanda." - IMDB movie description "In April of 1994, the government of Rwanda called on everyone in the Hutu majority to kill everyone in the Tutsi minority. Over the next three months, 800,000 Tutsis were murdered in the most unambiguous case of genocide since Hitler's war against the Jews. Philip Gourevitch's haunting work is an anatomy of the killings in Rwanda, a vivid history of the genocide's background, and an unforgettable account of what it means to survive in its aftermath."
- Good Reads description Hutu Muslims saved Tutsis during Rwandan genocide Close to 1 million people, Hutu and Tutsi, were murdered. April 9, 1994 Massacre at Gikondo - hundreds of Tutsis are killed in the Pallottine Missionary Catholic Church. Since the killers were clearly targeting only Tutsi, the Gikondo massacre was the first clear sign that a genocide was occurring. April 15-16, 1994 Massacre at the Nyarubuye Roman Catholic Church - thousands of Tutsi are killed, first by grenades and guns and then by machetes and clubs. Massacres April 18, 1994 The Kibuye Massacres. An estimated 12,000 Tutsis are killed after sheltering at the Gatwaro stadium in Gitesi. Another 50,000 are killed in the hills of Bisesero. More are killed in the town's hospital and church. Rwanda is now one of Africa's most dynamic countries is also its most haunted. Rwanda is working to overcome the horrors of its 1994 genocide. Its economy is today fast-growing and it has very little corruption Kody:
I believe that this genocide started when the belgians classified them as two different people, whether or not they looked different they were still the same. Then they decided that one was going to be better then the other which made everything a lot worse. The RTLM later made it worse by spreading the hate and trying to get people to hate the Tutsi. The Groups View on the Genocide Kennedy:
It is hard for me to think that people would kill each other over such small difference and how it happened so recently. It all began, I believe, when the Belgians decided to make the put the Tutsis in the position of power just because of their features To further degrade the Tutsi, Hutu extremists would not allow the Tutsi dead to be buried. Their bodies were left where they were slaughtered, exposed to the elements, eaten by rats and dogs. Thousands of Tutsis tried to escape the slaughter by hiding in churches, hospitals, schools, and government offices. These places, which historically have been places of refuge, were turned into places of mass murder during the Rwanda Genocide. Men, women, and children were murdered. Since bullets were expensive, most Tutsis were killed by hand weapons, often machetes or clubs. Many were often tortured before being killed. Some of the victims were given the option of paying for a bullet so that they'd have a quicker death. Since 1973, President Habyarimana, a Hutu, had run a totalitarian regime in Rwanda, which had excluded all Tutsis from participating. That changed on August 3, 1993 when Habyarimana signed the Arusha Accords, which weakened the Hutu hold on Rwanda and allowed Tutsis to participate in the government. This greatly upset Hutu extremists.
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