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Henri Matisse

Alberto Mahía López nº12 6ºB
by

Manuel Pérez

on 10 May 2013

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Transcript of Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse (31 December 1869 - 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original drawing. He was a painter, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter.
Matisse is considered one of the great painters of the 20s in the twentieth century. Henri Matisse 1. Life Life and Work 1. Life Life and Work 2. Work Life and work 2. Work Life and Work His most famous works My favorite work of him Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse was born on 31 December 1869 in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord, France. He is the son of a prosperous grain merchant. His family was middle class. He grew up in Bohain-en-Vermandois, Picardie, France. In 1887 he went to Paris to study law, working as a court administrator in Le Cateau-Cambrésis after gaining his qualification.

He first started to paint in 1889 and decided to become an artist, disappointing his father. He said later that he was right in this decision, discovering a new paradise. In 1891, he returned to Paris to study art at the Académie Julian and became a student of Gustave Moreau. In 1896 and 1897, Matisse visited the painter John Peter Russell from Australia, who explained color theory. In 1896 Matisse exhibited five paintings in the salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, two of which were purchased by the state.

In 1898 he married Amélie Noellie Parayre and had two sons, Jean (born 1899) and Pierre (born 1900). Amélie often served as model for Matisse. In 1898, he went to London and then he went on a trip to Corsica. Matisse's technique Matisse style Early paintings Blue Pot and Lemon
(1897)
Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia Vase of Sunflowers
(1898)
Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia Paris, 1901-1917 Open Window, Collioure
1905
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. Around April 1906 he met Pablo Picasso, who was 12 years younger than Matisse. The two became friends as well as rivals and are often compared; Matisse drew and painted from nature, while Picasso was much more inclined to work from imagination.

Matisse and Picasso were first brought together at the Paris salon of Gertrude Stein. Leo Stein, Michael Stein were important collectors and supporters of Matisse's painting.

More and more people visited Matisse works. His friends organized and financed the Académie Matisse in Paris, a private and non-commercial school in which Matisse instructed young artists. Matisse spent seven months in Morocco from 1912 to 1913, producing about 24 paintings and numerous drawings, with mediterranean landscapes.
In 1917 Matisse returned to the French Riviera, in Nice.

He and his wife separated in 1939. In 1941, he started using a wheelchair, and until his death he was cared for by a Russian woman, Lydia Delektorskaya, who was one of his models.

In 1951 Matisse finished a four-year project of designing the interior, the glass windows and the decorations of the Chapelle du Rosaire de Vence, often referred to as the Matisse Chapel.

In 1952 he established a museum dedicated to his work, the Matisse Museum in Le Cateau, and it is now the third-largest collection of Matisse works in France.

Matisse died of a heart attack at the age of 84 in 1954. Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line)
1905
Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark The Dance (first version)
1909
The Museum of Modern Art, New York City The Conversation
1911
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia Portrait of the Artist's Wife
1913
Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg Woman with a Hat
1905
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art Les toits de Collioure
1905
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia The Dessert: Harmony in Red (The Red Room)
1908
Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg Last years Annelies, White Tulips and Anemones
1944
Honolulu Museum of Art The Snail
1953
collection Tate Gallery Luxury, Calm and Pleasure
1904
Musée d'Orsay, Paris

I saw this painting last summer. Although his work varies in subject and material, his style is what is commonly known as Fauvism.

The term "fauve" in French means "wild beast", and that is the reaction to the work of Henri Matisse and other artists.

He gave them this name because of the vivid colors, brush strokes and free themes artwork, like in nature.

Although the movement itself lasted only four years, from 1904-1908, the work of Matisse persisted in considering their bold colors and shapes. Fauvism Matisse was also known for his drawings, sculptures and prints.

Later in life of Henri Matisse, became ill and he began creating collages with vibrant colored paper cut into fanciful shapes, being immensely colorful Fauvist. Matisse Sculptures This work was done by:
Alberto Mahía López n 12 6 B The work of Henri Matisse contained common themes such as human faces and figures, but instead of using skin tones and real colors, he used vibrant colors to suggest unusual feelings and ideas. Matisse said: "The color is not given to us that we should imitate nature, but that we express our emotions".
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