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Election Process of President

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Matthew Levy

on 8 November 2018

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Transcript of Election Process of President

First Step: Announce your bid
Incumbent- holder of office
Second Step: Raise money
Third Step: Start Campaigning around country for party's bid
Fourth Step: States elect the nominee for the party by a caucus or primary
Caucus- a private meeting of the members of a particular party who had gathered together to select their delegates

Primary- a general election where polls are conducted through ballots for nominating a candidate for a particular party.

What is a difference between a caucus and primary?
National Conventions for the Parties
August 27, 2012- Tampa, FL (Rep)
September 3, 2012- Charlotte, NC (Dem)
National Conventions
Select the ticket (President and Vice President)
Announce the Party platform
Platform- statement of beliefs, principles, and positions on vital issues
Vice President Nominee- balance the ticket
Personal background
Political background
Geographic background
Background all different then Presidential Nominee
John F. Kennedy- young Catholic Senator from Massachusetts selected Lyndon B. Johnson (older Protestant senator from Texas)
How did this help JFK?
Sixth Step: Start Campaigning around country for the general election
Looking at the images what do they show of campaigning?
Mass Media is often called the “fourth branch of government”
Influence opinions of citizens
Informs citizens of the actions of the government
Besides the print (newspapers, magazines) and electronic (television, internet, radio), media affects elections by campaign advertising
How do commercials assist in the election process?
Political Parties Jobs
1. Selects candidates to run for office
2.Raises money to support campaigns
3. Educates voters about issues
4. Helps to operate the government
5. Acts as a 'watchdog' over the party in power

Any group of people with common interests who organize and nominate candidates for public office, conduct government and influence public policy.

Parties in America
Third Party
Democrats usually feel that the federal government has a responsibility to help the poor through government intervention.
Democrats are generally seen as liberal.
Republicans hold the view that leaving the economy alone will allow for growth, giving people greater ability to help themselves. They believe in less regulation.

Republicans are viewed as being conservative.
a political party organized in opposition to the major parties in a two-party system.

Third parties usually introduce and bring public attention to issues that the two major parties do not address. Members feel the major parties don't represent their views.

Third Parties rarely win elections because of lack of fundraising (TV, campaigns, etc)

Seventh Step: Debates
Eighth Step: Election Day- First Tuesday after first Monday of November
Ninth Step: Electoral College
group of people with common goals who organize to influence government.
Differences Between Interest Groups and Political Parties

1. Unlike Political parties, interest groups support a candidate who favor their ideas, not nominate them

2. Interest groups focus on one issue, while political parties focus on many issues.

3. Interest groups organized on common values instead of a geographic locations.
Interest Group
Do you want the Government to help the people or do you want the Government stay of their business?
What is a difference between political parties and interest groups?
Electoral College
Pledge to follow how the majority in a state votes

# of Senators + # of Representatives = # of Electors

2012 Elections

1. Color the states either Red or Blue (or any other two colors), based on which candidate won that state in the 2008 election using the chart provided.
2. Write the colors you used for the two parties below:
A. Republican:
B. Democrat:
One Part of Campaigning:
Getting Endorsements from former Presidents, Major Party Members in the state and nation, celebs... also newspapers
Not following these, would mean jail time or a fine
Which is missing?
Which do you prefer to select a candidate- primary or caucus?
Process in which a measure passed by a legislature is submitted to the voters for final approval or rejection.

The right, power and procedure by which citizens can propose a law by petition and ensure its submission to the electorate.
Should we change the system?

What are some reasons the following people would
be good candidates for President?
A political campaign is the process of gathering public support for a candidate. The goal of a campaign is to deliver as much information about the candidate and the party's platform to as many people as possible. Candidates campaign in a variety of ways

Direct Mail
- Send information packets directly to voters
Printed Material
- Posters, bumper stickers, leaflets, buttons, t-shirts
Personal Appearances
- Radio & TV interviews, debates and speeches
The Internet
- emails, videos, blogs, websites and social networking
How did we get Trump and Clinton as our candidates for President?

Which party do you relate with the most, and why?
How can political parties affect someone's vote?

How can interest groups affect someone’s vote?
The Sierra Club is America's largest and most influential grassroots environmental organization.

The AARP works to improve the quality of life for people age 50 and older and help them with issues they face.

The American Medical Association works to promote the art and science of medicine and to improve public health.

This group supported the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), which protects older Americans from being discriminate against in the workplace.
Members of this organization lobby Congress to protect Social Security, Medicare, and other retirement programs.

This groups encourages funding for research and educational programs about the health effects of abusing alcohol and tobacco.
This organization supported a 2009 law that bans tobacco ads within 1,000 feet of schools and playgrounds and also stops tobacco companies from sponsoring sports events.

The nation's second national park, Yosemite, was created in 1905 after this group lobbied President Theodore Roosevelt and the California Legislature.
This organization works to stop the construction of nuclear power plants until the government passes more safety and environmental regulations.

So if you were a member of these groups, how could their endorsement affect your vote?
How does the country find out the number of people alive?
What is the impact of the changing population on the government?
1. Why do states do it? Explain.

2. Who is legally responsible for it? Who is the job actually passed on to?

3. How exactly is reapportionment done? What are the steps?

4. What is the impact of the change in population on elections>

5. How could gerrymandering affect the elections?
When population changes,
Need for public services may increase or decrease
Tax revenue increase or decrease
Other things in the area may be increase or decrease as well
If the population of a state increases, the state may gain more seats in the House of Representatives. If the state loses population, it may lose seats in the House of Representatives.
Another major difference that can be seen between primary and caucus is that the former (primary) is done in a secret way and the latter (caucus) has no secrecy in electing the candidates.

In primary elections, there could be early voting and absentee voting. But in Caucus there is no absentee voting and early voting.

Brainstorm some things you would want in a Presidential candidate to represent you in the government
Requirements to be President:
at least 35 years old
Natural Born Citizen
living in the US for last 14 years

What are the two political parties in the US?
What are some others?

What is the media?
What is considered the media?
Which way would you rather select the nominee under, Caucus or Primary? Why?
In your opinion, does interest groups assist or hurt the people in an representative democracy? Explain you answer
How do we select the President?

Census- every 10 years asks questions about different characteristics of the people

What party do you agree with more? Why?

or a Third Party (feel your views are not heard)?

How does the Media influence public opinion?
Reapportionment- the process of reassigning or redistributing representation based on population after every census
Redistricting is the process of revising the geographic boundaries of areas from which people elect representatives to the U.S. House of Representatives,
Gerrymandering- draw a district's boundaries to gain an advantage in elections or benefit their political party.
How does demographic affect the government policies?

Do you think redistricting and reappointment actually affect the elections?
Local TV News
Network News
Make a list of ways population changes impact local/state governments
Full transcript