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12 Poetic Devices

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by

Nicole Prefontaine

on 28 February 2014

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Transcript of 12 Poetic Devices

12 Poetic Devices
Alliteration
-When the same letter or sound is used at the beginning or closely connected words.

-An example from Edgar Allen Poe,
Raven:

-"Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before."

-The sound of the D's being used again.
Allusion
-An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.

-A line from Taylor Swift's
Love Story

-"And my daddy said stay away from Juliet"

-She is referring her love to Romeo and Juliet's story.
Repetition
-Repetition is when a word or sentence is placed more than once within a poem.

-An example from Robert Frost's
Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening.

-"And miles to go before I sleep,
And miles to go before I sleep."

-The repetition of that line in the poem.
Simile
Metaphor
Personification
Hyperbole
Onomatopoeia
Symbolism
Oxymoron
Irony
Rhyme
-A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more understandable.

-An example from Langston Hughe's
What happens to a Dream Deferred?

-"Does it dry up
like a raisin in the sun? "

-Comparing the dream as being dried up like a raisin.
-A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.

-An example from Martin Luther.

-"A mighty fortress is our god."

-A might fortress is being applied to a god.
-The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.

-From Mother Goose's
Hey Diddle Diddle


-"...And the dish ran away with the spoon."

-Writing about the inanimate object as if it were a person.
-Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

-From Bruno Mar's
Just the Way you Are.

-"Her eyes, her eyes make the stars look like they’re not shining."

-An exaggeration to describe her beauty.
-The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named.

-An example from Suzanne Collin's
Catching Fire.

-"Tick tock the arena's a clock
"

-
Using the sound the clock would make in the story.
-The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.

-Example from Emily Dickinson's
Hope (314)

-"
“Hope” is the thing with feathers"

-The symbol in this poem is a bird that is being used to symbolize how the author thinks hope is.
-A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction.

-From Oscar Wilde.

-"I can resist anything, except temptation."

-Using resist and temptation that are both opposed to each other.
-The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.

-An example from
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
by Samuel T. Coleridge

-"Water, water, every where, Nor any drop to drink."

-Ironic how there is lots of water but none available to drink.
-Correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry.

-From Shel Silverstein's
Where the Sidewalk Ends.

-"Past the pits where the asphalt flowers grow
We shall walk with a walk that is measured and slow."

-The "low" sound being used at the ending of each line.
Sources
- http://famouspoetsandpoems.com/top_poems.html

-http://quizlet.com/24110072/12-poetic-devices-for-writing-songs-flash-cards/

-http://www.poetrysoup.com/famous_poets/most_popular_famous_poets.aspx
By: Nicole Prefontaine
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