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Transcript of HipHop
-He influenced the Hip Hop dance style 1956 CLIVE CAMPBELL OTHER WISE KNOWN AS "DJ KOOL HERC" WAS BORN IN KINGSTON JAMAICA 1962 "JAMES BROWN" RECORDS THE "LIVE AT THE APOLLO (LP)" 1975 DJ Kool HERCS GETS A JOB DJ'ING AT THE CLUB HE WAS AFTER. THE" HEVALO CLUB" IN THE BRONX . AROUND THIS TIME HERC WOULD GET A MAN BY THE NAME OF COKE LA ROCK TO SAY CROWD PLEASER RHYMES ON THE MIC WHICH WOULD THEN LAY THE FOUNDATION FOR MC'IN OR LATER KNOWN AS RAP
DJ KOOL HERCS FOCUSED MAINLY ON THE BREAK DOWNS OF INSTRUMENTALS AND DRUM SOLOS. HERCS STUDIED THE CROWD RESPONSE EVERY TIME A DRUM SOLO WOULD KICK IN AND REALIZED THAT HE COULD KEEP THE ATMOSPHERE IN ONE STATE IF HE EXTENDED THE DRUM SOLO. HERCS WAS KNOWN FOR HAVING THE FUNKIEST BEATS AND WAS FAMOUS FOR HIS SOUND SYSTEM. 1973 Herc would often buy two copies of a record and stretch the break parts by using two turntables and mixing in both records before the break ends. 1979 "Rappers Delight" was actually the song that coined the term hip hop.
It was also the first recording of a rap group. Toasting was common (originated in Jamaica). It the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. This was initially developed in Jamaica during the 1960s Originally Hip-Hop music developed containing essentially three ingredients: Breaks, Beats and Scratches. Scratches have been almost totally removed due to the demise of the DJ in Hip-Hop records Beats however have not changed dramatically and therefore are the heart of Hip-Hop music. A real Hip-Hop beat is difficult to describe but is usually slightly offbeat with a rolling, slightly "Jerky" feel to it Turntable
Drum Machine Rap is mostly words spoken rhythmically. In modern days it can be added that these words are spoken over a beat. With it's origins in Africa it should be understood that Rap has been around a lot longer than Hip-Hop. A Hip-Hop artist will rarely make every track using Hip-Hop beats (this is one thing that has changed over the years). Hip Hop's beat is more complex and DJ's usually leave huge breaks. Brick City, Christian, Country, Crunk, Dirty South, East coast, Electro, G-Funk, Gangster, Hardcore, Jazz, Metal Rap, Miami Bass,
Political, Ragga, Snap, Turntable, Trip Hop and West Coast Why so Many Different Styles? Different influences enabled artists to express different styles which subsequently fused to create wider subgenres in the veins of Hip Hop. Where did Hip Hop lead to? Now let's listen Things to listen 4: - slightly offbeat with a rolling, slightly "Jerky" feel to it
- bass drums And don't forget to sing along if u recognize the song!!!! Technology One of the most important tools used in Hip Hop is the turntable.
Styluses and cartridges are used with turntables. Stanton, Shure and Ortofon
are the three popular brands. The DJ mixer is another
important tool used to manipulate sounds from the turntable.
Drum machines and samplers are also essential tools and are used mainly for
compositional purposes, but have also been used for performance. Grand Master Flash helped hip hop music evolve with his innovative and experimental skill. Backspin Technique and Punch Phrasing were both developed by hip Get on the Good Foot
James Brown "Get on the Good Foot" is one of the most influential songs in the beginning of Hip Hop.
In this song, you should hear a funky new sound that was later known as Hip Hop.
Other James Brown Influences:
In some of his songs, you can hear a call and response style that influenced the Hip Hop style chorus.
His dynamic rhythms inspired break beats and funk drumming. 1965 "Float like a Butterfly, Sting like a Bee"
Influenced the beginning of rap. 1982 The Message
by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five 1972 Get on the Good Foot
by James Brown
Influenced the beginning of
hip hop dancing The Message was one of the most influential songs in the Golden Age of Hip Hop (1980's). Rapper's Delight
Sugar Hill Gang As mentioned earlier, Rapper's Delight was actually inspired the name of Hip Hop. At the beginning of the song you can hear one of the members of Sugar Hill Gang saying "da hip da hop, da hippity da hip hip hop and you don't stop"
It is significant because it is the first recording by a rap group. The Message
Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five In this song you may hear several different Hip Hop techniques. Grandmaster Flash was very influential in the 1980's because of his innovative style. Here are several of the techniques he helped develop:
Backspin Technique: This technique involves using two records to extend the drum breaks. James Brown had a similar idea as Grandmaster Flash.
Punch Phrasing: This technique involves isolating short segments of music (i.e. Horn Hits), and rhythmically playing them over a sustained beat.
Scratching: Grandmaster Flash manipulated spinning records to create new sounds and new music. Although this technique already existed, he helped perfect the technique. Boom Boom Pow
Black-Eyed Peas Boom Boom Pow is example of recent Hip Hop music. We can still hear the some of the old Hip Hop style, but it is mixed in with other styles of music. There is new technology, which creates new types of sounds. The Power
Kanye West This is another example of recent Hip Hop music. Although it might not be evident, Kanye West's music resembles to 1990's hip hop like the Fugees and A Tribe called quest. Hip Hop Music of the 90's The Fugees, an American Hip Hop group, rose to fame in the 1990's. They performed mostly reggae music. A Tribe Called Quest was a Hip Hop group slightly older than the Fugees. They were formed in 1985. Hip Hop Music of the 21st Century Artists like Kanye West, Black-Eyed Peas and Jay-z still make Hip Hop music today. Some example of recent Hip Hop music are:
The Power-Kanye West
Boom Boom Pow-Black-Eyed Peas
Empire State of Mind-Jay-z New York Africa & Thank You