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Arguments For and Against Using the Atomic Bomb on Japan

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David Darling

on 19 May 2014

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Transcript of Arguments For and Against Using the Atomic Bomb on Japan

Arguments For and Against the Atomic Bomb
For
Against
Arguments For and Against Using the Atomic Bomb on Japan
Hiroshima
-
Hiroshima was the largest city in the largest island of Japan, Honshu.
First city to be targeted by an nuclear bomb.
Bombed by the United States Army Air Forces near the end of WWII
Had large depots of military supplies, and was a key center for shipping.

Hiroshima Bombing
-
Little Boy was the codename for the bomb dropped on Hiroshima
Dropped on Hiroshima by an American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, flown by Colonel Paul Tibbets.
Approximately 70% of the city's buildings were completely destroyed, and another 7% severely damaged

Ended the War
If the U.S. were to drop the Atomic Bomb, the war would've ended much quicker. Japan would've taken 5-6 months to surrender.

Saved Lives
Operation Downfall was a planned invasion of Japan and the first stage of this invasion was to take over Japan's most southern Island. The Japanese military figured about the invasion and readied millions of troops. They got a declaration from the emperor that said Japan would fight until last man, woman, and child. So it's estimated that the Allied troops would have lost millions and the Japanese would have lost tens of millions.
The Japanese were Given Warnings
The Japanese were given warnings of the Atomic Bomb, and were asked if they wanted to surrender three weeks before the bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.
Response to Pearl Harbor
The Attack of Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike on Hawaii's naval base, Pearl Harbor in 1941. The U.S. wanted to respond to this attack by using the Atomic Bomb on Japan.
Justify the cost of The Manhattan Project
The Manhattan Project was a research and development agency that produced the first Atomic Bombs during the end of WWII. This project cost around 3.3 trillion dollars today, and the U.S. wanted to show that that money was not wasted.
To Impress the Soviets
In WWII the Soviets were a very strategic military ally, and the U.S. wanted to display the atomic power that they had.
It was "Illegal"
Other Ways to Win the War
It was Unnecessary
No Military Advantage
The use of the bomb was illegal. The League of Nations, "under the recognized principles of international law," issued a unanimous resolution outlawing the bombing of civilian population.
The bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were dropped on densely populated areas, not in places such as military bases.
Many believe that Japan was already defeated, and dropping the bomb was unnecessary.
There were other methods of winning the war, such as waiting for the Russians to join the war, or having the Japanese surrender.
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