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Aishwarya Nair

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of HIV

Presented by: Ashwina

What is HIV?

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
HIV is a lentivirus that causes AIDS.
HIV is a virus that attacks your immune system. Thus you can't get rid of it.
Once you get HIV, you have it for life.
The HIV virus destroys the organisms CD4 cells.
Not everybody that has HIV can get AIDS, as there is a treatment to prevent AIDS called 'antiretroviral therapy' 'ART',
What is HIV?
How does it affect people?
Symptoms of HIV
How does it spread?
How to prevent/cure HIV?
Additional info on HIV
Virus diagram
How does it spread
HIV spreads by sexual contact, injection drug use, pregnancy, childbirth, breast feeding, occupational exposure and blood transfusion/ organ transplant.
To get infected, body fluids must come into contact with a mucus membrane or damaged tissue or be directly injected into your bloodstream.
HIV can be found in the rectum, vagina or the opening of the penis and the mouth.
HIV Virus
How it affects people?
Primary source: http://www.aids.gov/

Secondary source: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/

Tertiary source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIV

We too did you use YouTube to get our video.
How to prevent HIV
Additional info on HIV
The HIV virus can't be spread by air/water, insects, saliva, sweat, tears, casual contact, drinking fountains or toilet seats.
HIV is a STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease)
HIV is the world's leading infectious killer.
Every 9.5 minutes is diagnosed with HIV in the U.S.
HIV can be treated to prevent AIDS but an organism can't be immune or recovered once infected by HIV.
HIV effects an organisms immune system.
HIV awareness day is on 10th of March.
The red ribbon represents awareness of both HIV and AIDS.
Understand how HIV spreads: educate yourself.
Avoid substance abuse: stop using/abusing alcohol. It impairs your judgement and will more likely make you make bad decisions or put you into situations that the decisions aren't yours.
Never share needles or syringes: needles and syringes can easily carry HIV from one to another. Never use recreational drugs which use needles and never use needles that aren't given by your doctor.
Avoid contact with other people's blood and certain other bodily fluid: avoid touching other people's blood and if possible, avoid contact with other bodily fluids that can spread HIV.
HIV attacks and kills crucial immune system known as the helper CD4 cells by directly infecting it
Your initial immune response does get rid of a great deal of HIV, but some of it manages to survive and infect these important cells.
Once the infected helper CD4 cells are activated, they work to create new viruses instead of doing the job they are supposed to do in your immune system. In addition, many helper CD4 cells are destroyed in the HIV replication process.
Without CD4 cells (which kill cells that have been infected with germs) many other immune system cells cannot not work properly, including B-cells that make antibodies.
What is HIV video?
Symptoms of HIV
Fever (most common symptoms)
Sore throat
Muscle and joint aches and pains
Full transcript