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Teacher Talk

Linguistic analysis of teacher talk from a constructivist perspective.

Michael Maune

on 15 October 2010

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Transcript of Teacher Talk

Teacher Talk Constructivism A Theory of How We Learn (Reagan, 2006) Two Types: Radical Constructivism -- Ernst von Glasersfeld The individual constructs their understanding of the world based on experiences. Knowledge CANNOT be transferred from teacher to student. It is constructed by the student. (1984) Social Constructivism -- Vygotsky (1978) Knowledge is socially constructed. Knowledge is situated in a sociocultural context Ultimately, it's a metaphor. Constructivism supports a variety of different types of teacher talk. It also frames the way we assess the effectiveness of teacher talk. Scaffolding (MacDonald & Martinez, 2005) "Providing contextual supports for meaning through the use of simplified language,teacher modeling, visuals and graphics, cooperative learning and hands-on learning" (as cited in MacDonald & Martinez). What is it? "Foreigner Talk" (Ferguson, 1975) simplification (temporal variables, avoidance of low frequency items)
regularization (full forms, canonical word order)
elaboration (synonyms and contextualization, analytic paraphrase) Appropriation "Discourse event whereby one person takes up another person’s remark and offers it back, modified, into the discourse" (as cited in Sharpe, 2008) What is it? Recontextualizing. Legitimizing. (Sharpe, 2008) Initiate Response Evaluate Increasing Prospectiveness (Wilson, 2008) “At any point after the initiating move in an exchange, a participant can, while minimally or implicitly fulfilling the expectation of the
preceding move, step up the prospectiveness of the current move so that it, in turn, requires or expects a response" (as cited in Sharpe, 2008). What is it? Bahktin's "dialogic" model. From "primary arbiter" to "facilitator." I don't understand anything you just said. Assessment Strategies Interviews (Sharpe, 2008) Extrapolating from Data (Wilson, 2005) On the Other Hand... (there's a golden band to remind me of someone who would not understand...) Engagedness--"Fun and Interesting" (MacDonald & Martinez, 2005)
(Foster, 1995)
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