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Sixth Sense Technology
Transcript of Sixth Sense Technology
This slides gives you just introduction about sixth sense.
This slides makes you familiar with sixth sense technology which provides freedom of interacting with the digital world using hand gestures. The sixth sense prototype is comprised
of pocket projector, a mirror, mobile components, color markers and a camera. The sixth sense technology is all about interacting to the digital world in most efficient and direct way.
Sixth Sense devices are very much different from the Computers;
this will be a new topic for the hackers and the other people also. Everyone can get general idea of sixth sense technology by look at this slides.
Sixth Sense Technology
for developing device of sixth sense technology
ADVANTAGES OF SIXTH SENSE DEVICES
Connectedness between real world and digital world
Data access directly from the machines in real time
Open source software
Basically, Sixth Sense is a mini-projector coupled with a camera and a cellphone—which acts as the computer and your connection to the Cloud, all the information stored on the web. Sixth Sense can also obey hand gestures, like in the infamous Minority Report.
Why the name Sixth Sense
Sixth Sense technology (a camera combined with a light source) was developed in 1997 as a headworn device, and in 1998 as a neckworn object, but the Sixth Sense name for this work was not coined and published until 2001.
Mann referred to this wearable computing technology as affording a "Synthetic Synesthesia of the Sixth Sense", believing that wearable computing and digital information could act in addition to the five traditional senses. Ten years later, Pattie Maes, also with MIT Media Lab, used the term "Sixth Sense" in this same context, in a TED talk.
When we were thinking of projects for the summers to execute, we thought of making a hand, which would do exactly what our hand is which could have been something brilliant in robotics.
Then we came across a TED talk by Pranav Mistry where he was talking about how we can connect the physical world with the digital world using Sixth Sense. It looked simply amazing
how he was able to just show his fingers in front of his camera (phone) and the camera would click pictures.
This just enthralled us and was just something we had to make considering it’s sheer brilliance.
What is Sixth Sense Technology
'SixthSense' is a wearable gestural interface that augments the physical world around us with digital information and lets us use natural hand gestures to interact with that information. We've evolved over millions of years to sense the world around us.
The camera recognizes objects around you instantly, with the micro-projector overlaying the information on any surface, including the object itself or your hand. Then, you can access or manipulate the information using your fingers. Need to make a call? Extend your hand on front of the projector and numbers will appear for you to click. Need to know the time? Draw a circle on your wrist and a watch will appear. Want to take a photo? Just make a square with your fingers, highlighting what you want to frame, and the system will make the photo—which you can later organize with the others using your own hands over the air.
Real power of Sixth Sense
The true power of Sixth Sense lies on its potential to connect the real world with the Internet, and overlaying the information on the world itself. Imagine you are at the supermarket, thinking about what brand of soap is better. Or maybe what wine you should get for tonight's dinner. Just look at objects, hold them on your hands, and Sixth Sense will show you if it's good or bad, or if it fits your preferences or not.
Ease in life
Now take this to every aspect of your everyday life. You can be in a taxi going to the airport, and just by taking out your boarding pass, Sixth Sense will grab real time information about your flight and display it over the ticket. You won't need to do any action. Just hold it in front of your and it will work.
Clearly, this has the potential of becoming the ultimate "transparent" user interface for accessing information about everything around us. If they can get rid of the colored finger caps and it ever goes beyond the initial development phase, that is. But as it is now, it may change the way we interact with the real world and truly give everyone complete awareness of the environment around us.
Pranav Mistry, of Indian origin, a PhD student in the Fluid Interfaces Group at the MIT lab is the mastermind behind the Sixth sense technology . Liyan Change and Paula Aguilera which are students at MIT also played important role for developing Sixth Sense
It captures the image of the object in view and track the user’s hand gesture. The camera recognizes individuals, images, pictures, gestures that user makes with his hand. The camera then sends this data to a smart phone for processing. Basically the camera forms a digital eye, which connects to the world of digital information.
There are color markers placed at the tip of users finger. Marking the user’s fingers with red, yellow green and blue colored tape helps the webcam to recognize the hand gestures. The movements and arrangement of these markers are interpreted into gestures that act as a interaction instruction for the projected application interfaces.
The SixthSense device consists of a laptop which process the data send by the camera. The laptop interprets the hand gestures with help of the colored markers placed at the fingertips.
Dev-C++ was the programmer used for all codes made. MinGW was the compiler used. OpenCV libraries were used which contained all functions sufficient to make our project
The information that is interpreted through the smart phone can be projected into any surface. The projector projects the visual information enabling surfaces and physical objects to be used as interfaces. The projector itself consists of a battery which have 3 hours of battery life .A tiny LED projector displays the data sent from the smart phone on any surface in view- object, wall or person.
One of the main advantages of the sixth sense devices is its small size and portability. It can be easily carried around without any difficulty. The prototype of the sixth sense is deigned in such a way that it gives more importance to the portability factor. All the devices are light in weight and the smart phone can easily fit into the users pocket.
The cost incurred for the construction of the sixth sense proto type is quiet low. It was made from parts collected together from common devices. And a typical sixth sense device cost up to $300. The sixth sense devices have not been made in large scale for commercial purpose. Once that happens it’s almost certain that the device will cost much lower than the
Forming a connection between the real world and the digital world was the main aim of the sixth sense technology.
With help of a sixth sense device the user can easily access data from any machine at real time speed. The user doesn’t require any machine-human interface to access the data.
The software that is used to interpret and analysis the data collected by the device is made open source. This enables other developers to contribute to the development of the system
With the help of a map application the user can call upon any map of his/her choice and navigate through them by projecting the map on to any surface .By using the thumb and index fingers movements the user can zoom in, zoom out or pan the selected map.
Another application of sixth sense devices is the implementation of a gestural camera. This camera takes the photo of the location user is looking at by detecting the framing gesture. After taking the desired number of photos we can project them onto any surfaces and then use gestures to sort through those photos and organize and resize them.
The drawing application allows the user you to draw on any surface by tracking the fingertip movements of the user’s index finger. The pictures that are drawn by the user can be stored and replaced on any other surface. The user can also shuffle through various pictures and drawing by using the hand gesture movements
We can make calls with help of sixth sense device .The sixth sense device is used to project the keypad into your palm and the using that virtual keypad we can make calls to anyone.
Interacting with physical objects
The SixthSense system also helps to interact with physical objects we use in a better way. It augments physical objects by projecting more information about these objects projected on them. For example, a gesture of drawing a circle on the user’s wrist projects an analog watch on the users hand. Similarly a
newspaper can show live video news or dynamic information can be provided on a regular piece of paper
Sixth sense devices can be used for getting various information relating to our everyday life by getting in contact with objects
Sixth sense technology uses marker technology or image recognition techniques to recognize the objects we pick in our hand and then provide information relating to that product.
By holding and shuffling through the book pages, the sixth sense provides Amazon ratings on that book, other reviews and other relevant things related to the book.
With the help of the sixth sense technology it is no longer required to log into any sites for checking the status of the flights. The system will recognize your boarding pass and let you know whether the flight is on time or not.
Information About People:
With help of face recognition techniques the sixth sense devices are able to provide information about the people when we meet them. The sensor detects the face and checks the data base for the relevant information. The system will then project the relevant information about a person like what they do, where they work, etc.
TECHNOLOGIES THAT ARE RELATED TO SIXTH SENSE DEVICES
The augmented reality is a visualization technology that allows the user to experience the virtual experience added over real world in real time. Augmented reality adds graphics, sounds, hepatic feedback and smell to the natural world as it exists.
It is a technology which is aimed at interpreting human gestures with the help of mathematical
algorithms . Gesture recognition technique basically special type of hand gloves which provide information about hand position orientation and flux of the
Computer Vision is the technology in which machines are able to interpret necessary information from an image. This technology includes various fields like image processing, image analysis and machine vision. It includes certain aspect of artificial intelligence
techniques like pattern
Radio Frequency Identification
Radio Frequency Identification systems transmit the identity of an object wirelessly, using radio magnetic waves. The main purpose of this technology is to enable the transfer of a data via a portable device. This technology is widely used in the fields like asset tracking, supply chain management, manufacturing, payment system etc.
Cost and Availability
New inventions in information technology have some kind of security concerns. For example when a person is taking a picture using the SixthSense, he just snaps with his fingers which have little marker caps on them. People don’t want to be captured on a camera of a random person. One can never tell when SixthSense is taking a picture, because nothing is being held in your hand in order to take a picture like a camera or a phone. This is invading other’s privacy which can be a huge problem.
Some of the health issues are regarding SixthSense’s projection technology. Projection is better in the night time and dark areas rather than mornings and bright areas. This is an issue because the vision of the user can be damaged when using this instrument. SixthSense should be able to shift its projection techniques during different times of the day.
Concerns about the pricing of this device are also rising among the people. Mistry announced that the present device is costing about $350 for each, on his website (Mistry, 2010).
The sixth sense prototype is comprised of equipments like pocket projector, a mirror, mobile components, color markers and a camera. The projector projects visual images on a surface. This surface can be wall, table or even your hand. Thus, the entire world is available on your screen now. When user moves their hands to form different movements with colored markers on the finger tips, the camera captures these movements. Both the projector and the camera are connected to the mobile computing device in the user’s pocket.
Recognition of gestures
Recognition is made using computer vision technique. These markers act as visual tracking fiduciary. The software program processes this video stream data and interprets the movements into gestures. The gestures are different from one another and are assigned some commands. These gestures can act as input to application which is projected by the projector.
The hardware that makes Sixth Sense work is a pendant like mobile wearable interface
It has a camera, a mirror and a projector and is connected wirelessly to a Bluetooth or 3G or WIFI smart phone that can slip comfortably into one’s pocket
The camera recognizes individuals, images, pictures, gestures one makes with their hands.
Information is sent to the Smartphone for processing
The downward-facing projector projects the output image on to the mirror
Mirror reflects image on to the desired surface
Thus, digital information is freed from its confines and placed in the physical world.
Made by :
Abdul Kadir Ashrafi
History of Technology
Where is technology
New technologies can benefit your business in a number of ways. You can get higher profits as new technologies increase work efficiency, which in turn, increases productivity. Moreover, fewer work forces are needed as new technologies can automate the work thus reducing the costs more.