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Glorious Revolution

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Mr. Fernandez

on 19 September 2018

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Transcript of Glorious Revolution

Representative Government
The Glorious Revolution
Essential Question:

Explain the effects of the Glorious Revolution on the
principle of representative government.
English nobles and landowners started it.
It forded the king to recognize that he must rule in accordance with the laws the nobles approved.
The Glorious Revolution was the first of three
important revolutions.
During the 16th and 17th century most European countries were ruled by
absolute monarchs
Individuals could not question the monarch, as they believed in the
divine right of kings
(God chose these kings to rule!).
The Glorious Revolution introduced the idea that the king must bow to the
representative body
in a nation.
This idea was started in England in the 1640's and would continue until the Glorious Revolution in 1688.
"I am the State"
Background to the Revolution
Tudor Rule ( 1485-1603 )
Henry VIII / Elizabeth / Mary
- The act of supremacy (1534)
- Members of Parliament enriched themselves with land from Catholic Church.
Elizabeth wanted a national
Anglican Church
(Church of England).
Mary was a Catholic and wanted a Roman Catholic Church.
Henry used parliment's support to become head of the "Church of England".
The Tudors worked with Parliament to help them pass laws and get approval from the nobles.
I must work with Parliament
to make sure they help me pass
laws that will give me more
power to rule.
Spain & France are powerful.
They are Catholic.
I will become Protestant so
that I can rival their power.
Daddy, don't forget that you need
Parliament's help. You and Parliament
must work together to fight your
The Tudors
Stuart Rule
Stuarts wanted to have
absolute power
The Stuarts ruled Europe after the Tudors.
Parliament passed a petition.
- No need for Parliament.
- king cannot impose taxes without
parliament's consent.
The king retaliated by not allowing Parliament to meet.
- some members of Parliament were imprisoned.
I want to be like
King Louis of France.
An absolute ruler!
Aren't these boots
just fabulous !!
Civil War (1642-1649)
In 1642 a
civil war
broke out.
- Supporters of the king
- Supporters of Parliament
Roundheads vs. Cavaliers
Parliament won the civil war because of the "New Model Army" of
Oliver Cromwell
The Civil war was known as the English Revolution
Oliver Cromwell concluded that Charles I
could not be trusted.
- king must be put to death.
Parliament refused to kill the king.
- Cromwell got rid of Parliament.
Cromwell was a Puritan and military genius.
Oliver Cromwell
Execution of Charles I
This is the head
of a traitor!
I didn't kill the king.
Parliament did!
After the kings execution.
- Parliament abolished the monarchy.
- Parliament declared England a
Cromwell would eliminate Parliament and create a
military dictatorship
(Military rules)
Stuart monarchy re-established (1660).
Charles II

and his brother

James II
, were sympathetic to Catholics.
Protestants are fearful of loosing land and power if Catholicism comes back.
- Protestants pass a bill -
Exclusion Bill
After the death of Cromwell (1658), Parliament is restored.
- King James II will be declared "Not King" if Catholic
church returns to England.
Glorious Revolution
In 1688, a
is set up to get rid of James II.

- With a small army, and almost no bloodshed!
William of Orange
(married to James' daughter) is declared new
King of England
Bill of Rights
has rights to make laws, levy taxes and raise armies.
have the right to keep arms and have jury trial.
These became the foundations for the
American Bill of Rights
Effects of the Glorious Revolution
By overthrowing one king, and replacing it with another one, Parliament had destroyed the
devine-right theory
King by the grace of Parliament, not the grace of God.
Parliament is part of the government
1. Glorious Revolution
3. French Revolution
2. American Revolution
The Glorious Revolution
English fearful of a Catholic conspiracy.
- fear of "
- 11 year tyranny (1629-1640)
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