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Confederation to Constitution

Chapter 8
by

Mr. Command

on 19 October 2016

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Transcript of Confederation to Constitution


Confederation to Constitution

Section 3:
Ratification of
the Constitution

Section 1:
The Confederation Era

Section 2:
Creating the Constitution

Fun Facts
After the Revolutionary War, Congress wanted to make a national government for America.
The new government plan was a republic and was called the Articles of Confederation.
Member
Member
Member
Member
American ships in Britain water
were not released.
Member
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
Problems of Debt
The Articles of Confederation was considered the transition between the Revolutionary War and the Constitution.
America had a big debt to pay off, mostly to vetrans, Britain and Spain.
Taxes were raised to pay off the taxes. Farmers and landowners were heavily taxed and lost lots of money
Failures
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Daniel Shays, a veteran and farmer, led a rebellion to help lower taxes. They even attacked
a house of representatives.
The debts led to arguements with other countries.
American ships in Britished waters were not returned.
Spain refused to let America to use the the Mississippi River for trade.
Congress and Spain argued over the boudaries of Florida.
Attacks from Shays' Rebellion
Virginia
vs.
New Jersey
To satisfy smaller states,
each state gets one vote in the Senate.
To satisfy larger states,
votes in the House of Representatives were based on population votes.
There was another argument about slaves being part of the population and taxation.
The attacks at the House of Representatives showed Congress that they needed a new government system.
Delegates decided to hold a meeting in to find a better way to run America. It was called the Constitutional Convention.
Delegates from 12 states attended the Constitutional Convention on May 25, 1787. Delegates from Rhode Island refused to come.
Virginia
Plan
New Jersey
Plan
V
NJ
Number of votes in the Senate
Representation in the House of Representatives
Equal for each state
Based on Population
(cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr
Based on Population
One vote
per state
The
Great
Compromise
The Three-Fifths compromise was made. Three-Fifths of the slaves were counted for taxation and population.
The Last Argument
Northern states have already banned slavery and wanted Southern states to ban, also.
Delegates from southern states disagreed. They said that they would not agree to any plan "unless their right to import slaves be untouched".
Another compromise was made saying that Congress could not ban slave trading until the year 1808.
The Articles of
Confederation
Strengths
Weakness
Body
Body
Body
Body
Body
Body
Anti Federalists
The Bill of Rights
People who agreed to the Constitution called themselves federalists.
People who disagreed were called anti federalists.
Ratification
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Americans were afraid of less power to the states

They were also afraid that the president might be too powerful (like a King)

These disagreements made the ratification very difficult.
Anti federalists wanted written promises for freedom of the press, religion, and speech.

The right to trial by jury and the right to bear arms were also demanded.

The Bill of Rights was promised
Power to Congress
Power to
state delegates
12
Control land distribution affairs
Issue of borrow money
The Articles of Confederation:
Power distribution
Declare peace and war
5+7=
Enforce national laws

Set and collect taxes

Control trade
Success
The new government had a great success with handling Western lands.
They were not able to stop the rebellion and were forced to flee from the city. This the showed the sign of Congress's weakness.
Congress didn't have enough money to pay back soldiers because they didn't have the power to collect taxes. The government relied on the states to send money. However, many citizens couldn't afford to pay the high taxes since imported goods were heavily taxed, too.
Federalists vs. Antifederalists

An anti federalist wrote a pamphlet of concerns about the Constitution
The anti federalists gained support from rural areas.
The people were afraid that the new system would add taxes
By the July of 1788, nine states had ratified.

However, it was vital that New York and Virginia ratify, otherwise the country would be split into two.

In late July, Virginia and New York ratified

In it wasn't until 1790 when Rhode Island, the last state, ratified the Constitution
Adding the Bill of Rights
James Madison created ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights. The freedoms helped unsure reduction of social conflict.
The information about the Constitutional Convention was supposed to be secret. We get our information from James Madison who took detailed notes at the convention.
There is a misspelling ,in the Constitution, of "Pennsylvania". It was spelled with only one "n".
There were 55 people at the Constitutional Convention.
The debt after the Revolutionary War was about $40 million. That's equivalent to over $40 billion today.
There are over 4,500 words in the Constitution, including signatures.
Congress relied on the state taxes to pay off the debt. However, many people couldn't afford the taxes. Many farmers and land owners went into debt.
Failures
Most of the taxes were owed to veterans from the Revolutionary War. Unable to receive their money, Daniel Shays, a veteran and farmer, led a rebellion to get what they deserved.
The debt to other countries were also a big problem.
By: Mr Command
Large states with good economies had great success under the Articles

They also disagreed with the Constitution

In order to help the ratification, the federalist wrote a series of essays called the Federalists papers

Strengths Summarized
1 To declare war and make peace

2 To coin and borrow money

3 To detail with foreign countries and sign treaties

4 To operate post offices
Weaknesses Summarized
1 The national government could not force the states to obey its laws (enforce laws)

2 It did not have the power to tax

3 There was no national army or navy

4 There was no system of national courts

5 Each state could issue its own paper money

6 Each state could put tariffs on trade between states
Federalism
A system that divides up power between a strong national government and smaller local governments.
To stop one branch of the gov't from becoming too powerful, the founders created:

Checks and Balances

The three branches of gov't have checks over the other branches
Legislative
Congress
Executive
President
Judicial
Supreme Court
First Amendment
Right to freedom of:
worship
speech
assembly
petition
press
Full transcript