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Montane Cordillera

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by

Sarbjot Gill

on 19 October 2012

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Transcript of Montane Cordillera

Montana
Cordillera Landforms The Montane cordillera consist of mountain ranges, valleys, beaches, rivers, wetland and rock outcropping.Montane Cordillera goes from north central British Columbia to south western of Alberta. It has Dense forest and sage brush and grasslands. The major river in this eco zone is the Fraser river. Most of this eco zone is rugged and mountain. The Columbia and rocky mountains within the eco zone , have a complex geology consisting of folded and faulted sedimentary bedrock . Moist Pacific air drops large amounts of rain and snow as it ascends windward side. Climate The annual precipitation in the higher elevations range between 1200 and 2200 m. The northern and the interior portions of the ecozone receive 500 to 800 mm of precipitation . The Montane cordillera has cold wet winters and warm dry summers. Air masses results in few cold winter days few hot summer days. In the montane no month has has a temperature higher than 10 degrees. 7-9 moths don't have a temperature below 0 degrees. The hottest it gets is in July in the forest which only gets to about 17-22 degrees. Wildlife Wild life found in the montane cordillera are:
Gyrfalcon
Woodland Caribou
Whitetail Deer
Moose
Red Squirrel
Wolverine
Willow Ptarmigan
Big Horn Sheep
Black Bear marks Wild life is diverse, like the vegetative cover. In the alpine tundra the snow does not melt until the end of the summer and the plats life is weak and not many plant cause of snow. Several species have adapted to the weather condition like the mountain goat, gyrfalcon, white-tailed deer, willow ptarmigan water pipet and rosy finch. The open forest canopy passes light for the production of shrubs.
The tree less bunch grass areas are small relative to the adjacent forest but, they have a abundance diversity or wildlife due tot eh wide range of habitats created by the juxtaposition of grasslands, shrub lands, wetlands and forests. southern species such as a pallit bat, burrowing owl, and short horned lizard reach there northern breeding limit. The grasslands also represent a northern extension of the intermontane steppe of the western great basin in the south. Northern species that rarely move south such as: snowy owl, and gyrfalcon can be found on open range lands in winter. Encroachment and pressures of development on the grasslands and the lower slopes of many of the valleys within this ecozone have led to destruction of the habitat for many indigenous species. Vegetation Alpine environments contains various herbs, lichen and shrubs,sagebrush, rabbitbrush , antelope-bush, mountain avens, bunchgrass, pine grass, and bluebunch wheat grass.Trees in the area include: Engelmann spruce, alpine fir, interior Douglas fir, lodgepole pine, western white pine, Rocky Mountain ponderosa pine, trembling aspen, western hemlock, Rocky Mountain red cedar, balsam poplar, paper birch, black spruce, white spruce, and western larch.Alot of different tree species are in this ecozone. Human use The The human use in the montane cordillera are industries, mining exploration, recreation, orchards, transportation and ranching. The motnane cordillera has the fewest large agricultural areas in the whole province. Forestry is the most important industry and the low and middle slops. Canada has the largest forest export and 45% of it comes from british Columbia. Also there are lots of tourists that come to Montane cordillera. The soil conditions also depend greatly on the altitudes of the region, as well as the climate. The soil on the inland plains supports the growth of grasslands and grassland vegetation, while upper north the soil is richer and dominant, allowing for vineyards, cash crops and other lively vegetation to grow. These areas in the Montane Cordillera contribute greatly to the agricultural jobs in the area. In the mountainous regions, specifically in the warmer areas, poor acidic soils can be found, which limit plant growth to a great extent. Soil In the montane cordillera most of the mining is gold copper coal lime calcium, barite and other. All of these are expensive material these minerals are found in the rocky mountains also including zinc and tungsten. the rocky mountains are made of sedimentary rock while the plains valleys are made up of igneous rock. Rock Type Interesting facts/ additional info
The montane cordillera is the most diverse. This ecozone has many mountains where you can do winter sports or in the summer time hike. This attracts tourists. This ecozone also has beautiful animals ans plants. If you love mountains and cold weather this is the ecozone for you.
Also you could end up finding some cool rocks like gold,
zinc,silver,lime and much more. Silver rock Big horn sheep Red squirrel Climate graph Lichen shrub Acidic soil Conclusion We would like you to host your show in our ecozone because of the challenges contestants will face. If you young man would like to chose our ecozone we would like you to host it at winter, because harsh weather occur during this time thus watching people survive will be more entertaining. It will be fun and interesting to watch who will survive and how. I HOPE YOU ENJOYED OUR PRESENTATION. Introduction Our ecozone is he montane cordillera. It is located southern british Columbia and extend to southern western Alberta. The winters last for 7 to 9 months as snow doesn't melt till the end of July. Contestants fill face multiple challenges through there 39 days in this ecozone.
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