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Management Of Asthma

PDHPE first aid presentation

Leah Hobbs

on 30 July 2010

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Transcript of Management Of Asthma

ASTHMA MANAGEMENT What is asthma? What is an asthma attack? An asthma attack is a sudden worsening of asthma symptoms caused by the tightening of muscles around your airways (bronchospasm). During the asthma attack, the lining of the airways also becomes swollen or inflamed and thicker mucus is produced. Asthma is a disease affecting the airways that carry air to and from your lungs. People who suffer from this chronic condition (long-lasting or recurrent) are said to be asthmatic.

The inside walls of an asthmatic's airways are swollen or inflamed. This swelling or inflammation makes the airways extremely sensitive to irritations and increases your susceptibility to an allergic reaction.

Signs and symptoms of asthma include.. -Coughing
-Shortness of breath
-Tightness in the chest
-Wheezing = a high pitched raspy sound on breathing. Signs and symptoms of an asthma attack... -Severe wheezing when breathing both in and out
-Coughing with asthma that won't stop
-Very rapid breathing
-Chest pain or pressure
-Tightened neck and chest muscles, called retractions
-Difficulty talking
-Feelings of anxiety or panic
-Pale, sweaty face
-Blue lips or fingernails
-Or worsening symptoms despite use of your medications What triggers asthma symptoms? Every person can have different asthma triggers. The most common are:
-Colds and flu
-Exercise (this can be managed)
-Inhaled allergens (eg pollens, moulds, animal hair and dust mite)
-Cigarette smoke
-Changes in temperature and weather
-Certain drugs (eg aspirin and some blood pressure medications)
-Chemicals and strong smells
-Some foods and food preservatives, flavourings and colourings
-Some occupation conditions
In some people it can be difficult to know what triggers asthma! Management of asthma symptoms... An Asthma Action Plan allows you and your doctor to create an individual plan for you to manage your asthma. It advises you about ..
-What you must do to stay healthy
-What to do when your asthma is unstable and you need help. First you and your doctor need to create an 'Asthma Action Plan'. NOBODY'S ASTHMA IS THE SAME, SO THERE IS NO 'STANDARD' ASTHMA ACTION PLAN... Next, if your asthma conditions are severe enough, you may need to daily use a 'preventer'. Preventer medications are anti-inflammatory medications. They make your airways less sensitive by reducing the swelling of the lining of your airways and decreasing the production of mucus. They help keep your airways open all the time so that you have less chance of having an asthma attack. Asthma sufferers advised to carry with them their reliever medication or 'ventolin', in the event that an asthma attack were to occur.
Ventolin is a medication that relaxes the smooth muscle in the airways which allows air to flow in and out of the lungs more easily. It is used for rapid relief when needed by asthma sufferers.
This medication is seen as another form of asthma management.
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