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Transcript of VIETNAM WAR
1954 - 1975
On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh, the prime minister as well as president of Vietnam, declares the independence of the nation from French colonial rule after WWII
THE YEAR OF 1945
Minh sets up a provisional government through the creation of the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP)
INDO-CHINA WAR BEGINS
On November 23, 1946 French forces attack the Viet Minh (a communist organization founded by Ho Chi Minh) in Haiphong, Vietnam, killing thousands of Vietnamese citizens
Due to this incident, Vietnam responded by attacking the French in Hanoi through guerrilla fighting in which it resulted in the beginning of the Indo-China War
December 19, 1945 marked the beginning of the First Indochina War
North Vietnam allies consisted of the southern allies ( the Viet Cong) and South Vietnam's main ally, was the United States
- France had controlled most of Indo-china ( today Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam) before World War II.
BATTLE OF AP BAC
The first major battle in the Vietnam war, fought on January 2, 1962 between the ARVN and NVA, was the Battle of Ap Bac which showed how South Vietnam had poor fighting ability and low spirit.
: JANUARY 2, 1962
THE TET OFFENSIVE
The Tet Offensive was a coordinated offensive of surprise attacks aimed at breaking the stalemate in Vietnam created by North Vietnamese commander General Vo Nguyen Giap
Giap wanted for the South Vietnamese to rebel and rise up against the regime in Saigon
Giap also believed that South Vietnam and the US’s alliance was unstable so the offensive would convince American leaders to give up their defense of Vietnam
: JANUARY 30-MARCH 28,1968
The Tet Offensive caused many casualties and failed to create a rebellion in South Vietnam
HOW TO PLAY:
US Soldiers will walk past the border, and may suspect anyone as a member of the Viet Cong
If the US Soldier suspects someone as a Viet Cong member, they tap their shoulder, therefore "killing them"
VIET CONG VERSUS THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Vietnam was then divided at the 17th parallel into Communist controlled North Vietnam, which supported French control of South Vietnam
In 1962, the US Air Force began using Agent Orange, a defoliant that came in metal orange containers to expose roads and trails used by Viet Cong forces
On August 5, 1964 The North Vietnamese fired on a US destroyer in the Gulf of Tonkin and three days later, President Johnson asked Congress for the power to go to war on the North Vietnamese
The US sent its first troops into Vietnam in March 1965
UNITED STATES INVOLVEMENT
WITHDRAWAL OF US TROOPS
Pick who is a Viet Cong member
Until 1969, North Vietnam and the US did most of the fighting and by 1969, the Vietnam War seemed endless, so the US began to withdraw troops
President Nixon created a system called Vietnamization where the US would strengthen the South Vietnam in order to gradually withdraw American troops.
US Soldiers line up at the front of the room
Viet Cong members and Commoners remain seated at the Vietnam "border"
Despite this, the Tet Offensive was a strategic success and made it clear that the Vietnam War was far from over.
However, if a US Soldier walks past a Viet Cong member, the Viet Cong taps the US Solder, "killing him/her"
US Soldiers in the line will realize that he/she is a member of the Viet Cong, so they would obviously accuse him/her
The US Soldier and Viet Cong member will "fight" with "rock, paper, scissors"
The winner will survive, while the loser will "die"
Sooner or later, the Viet Cong will "die," in which US Soldiers can safely cross the border again
The Viet Cong/Commoner groups with the largest amount of people survived with receive CANDY!!!
END OF THE WAR
A cease-fire was arranged after peace talks in Paris on January 27, 1973
The US withdrew its last troops on March 29, 1973, and although fighting began again between North and South Vietnam, the US did not return
South Vietnam surrendered
to North Vietnam on April 30,