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Sub-tropical and Tropical Moist Broad leaf Forests
Transcript of Sub-tropical and Tropical Moist Broad leaf Forests
Ecoregion: (Albertine Rift Montane Forest) ~The Climate of sub-tropical and tropical forests remains relatively the same throughout the year
~ The temperature stays around 20-25 degrees Celsius year round
~ Around 12 hours of daylight all year round
~Average rainfall is around 8-14 feet per year (250-450 centimeters) the lowest is around 190 cm per year
~ In moist broad leaf forests there is a moist summer season and a dry winter Climate ~The dominant species of these forests are tall, semi-evergreen and evergreen deciduous trees
Examples of plant species from the Albertine Rift include:
~Celastraceae , is a type of liana (vine) and represents about (8.7%) of all the lianas in this ecoregion
~Impatiens paucidentata, is a type of orchid flower
~Rubiaceane coffea arabica
~Scenecio erionueron Vegetation: Animal Life The Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broad leaf Forests are home to more species than any other terrestrial ecosystem.
Half of the worlds species may live in these forests.
It contains an immense diversity of invertebrate species.(Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests)
Currently the Albertine Rift Montane Forest is in no big danger of disappearing.
This ecoregion is in five different countries and is not currently being entirely protected.
Farming is starting to hurt the forest and poaching has killed plenty of animals but not enough to put them in danger of being extinct.(Albertine Rift Montane Forests) Biodiversity and Status In the Albertine Rift Montane Forests farming is destroying and fragmenting habitats.
There are forty to fifty million people living in the countries that surround the forest.
A majority of them are farming within the forest in order to sustain themselves.
This connection will be sustainable if the farmers are more careful of where they farm, how much land they are using, and how many species they are effecting. Also the farmers must limit how much they use the land and try to preserve it.
Poaching is slowly decreasing the populations of the large mammals that reside in the forest(ex, the Mountain Gorilla)
Many of the people that reside in the forest also are cutting down the trees for firewood.
Also wars in Rwanda, Burundi and DRC have deforested some of the areas.(Albertine Rift Montane Forests) Human Involvement There has been little evidence of a climate change.
The biggest one has been global warming, but most of the species are adapted to warmer climates because they live near the equator.
The logging has not effected the air a lot either.
Logging is more common in other forest areas but is not a large enough problem to be effecting the air in that area.
Also there is very little pollution because the five countries that surround this ecoregion are not very industrialized and depend on farming to support themselves. Evidence of Climate Change ~ Mountain Gorillas
~Ruwenzori sun squirrel (Heliosciurus Ruwenzori):
~Chisel-toothed shrew (Paracrocidura graueri):
~copper-colored treefrog (Chrysobatrachus cupreonites):
~Johnston's chameleon (Chamaeleo johnstoni):
~Vultures: Bibliography "Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests." Wildlife Conservation, Endangered Species Conservation. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2012. <http://worldwildlife.org/biomes/tropical-and-subtropical-moist-broadleaf-forests>
"Explore Nyungwe - An Ancient Forest in the Heart of the Albertine Rift - Gunyah Short Breaks." Explore Nyungwe - An Ancient Forest in the Heart of the Albertine Rift - Gunyah Short Breaks. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://www.gunyah.com/explore-nyungwe-rwanda-tours>.
"Chameleons." About.com Animals / Wildlife. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://animals.about.com/od/Lizards/p/chameleons.htm>.
"Leopard." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2012. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/leopard/>. "Albertine Rift Montane Forests - A Global Ecoregion." WWF. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Oct. 2012. <http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/albertine_montane_forests.cfm>.