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introduction to research
Transcript of introduction to research
What Research is not..
1. Research is not mere information gathering.
2. Research is not mere transportation of facts from one location to another.
3. Research is not merely rummaging for information.
4. Research is not a catchword to get attention.
1.Research originates with a question or problem.
2.Research requires a clear articulation of a goal.
3.Research follows a specific plan of procedure.
4.Research usually divides the principal problem into more manageable subproblems.
5.Research is guided by the specific research problem, question, or hypothesis.
6.Research accepts certain critical assumptions.
7.Research requires the collection and interpretation of data in an attempt to resolve the problem that initiated the research.
8.Research is, by its nature, cyclical or more exactly, helical.
What Research is....
Definitions of Research
Research has been defined in a number of different ways.
A broad definition of research is given by Martyn Shuttleworth - "In the broadest sense of the word, the definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge."
Another definition of research is given by Creswell who states - "Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue". It consists of three steps: Pose a question, collect data to answer the question, and present an answer to the question.
The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary defines research in more detail as "a studious inquiry or examination; especially : investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws".
Why Research is Important?
Adding to knowledge about Educational Issues
address gaps in knowledge
add voices of individuals to knowledge
Informing Important Policy Issues
Building Student Research Skills
is the systematic process of collecting and analyzing information (data) in order to increase our understanding of the phenomenon about which we are concerned or interested.
Research in which we intentionally
set out to enhance our understanding
of a phenomenon and expect to
communicate what we discover to the
larger scientific community.
Research as a Process
Identifying a Research Problem
Specifying a problem
Suggesting the need to study it for audiences
Reviewing the Literature
Specifying a Purpose for Research
Identifying the purpose statement
Narrowing the purpose statement to research questions or hypothesis.
Selecting individuals to study
Analyzing and Interpreting Data
Breaking down the data
Representing the data
Explaining the data
Reporting and Evaluating Research
Deciding on audiences
Structuring the report
Writing the report sensitively
Ethical Issues in Research
Respecting the Rights of Participants
Honoring Research Sites
Reporting Research Fully and Honestly
Basic VS Applied
Qualitative VS Quantitative
Basic - Development or refinement of a theory
Applied - Testing or Application of a theory