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Perception of Beauty throughout 1800's - 1900's
Transcript of Perception of Beauty throughout 1800's - 1900's
Women’s fashion, in both Western and non-Western context, has frequently symbolize the important eras in a country or society’s history and culture.
Modernity/ Globalization 1841-1990 (Perception of Beauty and Grooming)
The era that can defined as the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa. Conceptually relates to the modern era and to modernism.
Hair styling, hair dyeing, body hair and body hair removal
Body hair reflects the cultural and social distinctions between femininity and masculinity throughout ancient and modern societies in both Easter and Western.
Historical and Contemporary Beauty Trends
Victorian Era: From 1837 to 1901
About modesty and natural beauty (women of higher class practiced restraint with their makeup).
Frock coats (Redingotes in French) and Corsets were worn (to show the silhouette and to achieve the ideal hour-glass figure for woman).
In this period, children’s wear followed trends found in adult fashion.
Victorian Era- (1837-1901)
Women kept the hair closer to the head, isolated long curls dangling down toward the front (called” spaniel cut”). Men wear tall hats (essential for formal occasions and in cities). Curled hair and sideburns along with moustaches.
Lotus Feet (a tradition of binding the feet of young girls to prevent further growth). Considered highly attractive by Chinese men who has a perception of making women appear dainty and feminine.
Burma, Thailand, Africa
Neck rings practice among women in different tribes. (Wearing series of rings gives an impression of having a long neck). A long neck was considered the epitome of beauty, sign of wealth and status.
Maria Clara (iconic mestiza heroine of Jose Rizal’s “Noli Me Tangere”). She is the epitome of the Pinay concept of beauty at that time: demure, conservative, fair-skinned, elegant and above all, virtuous.
Popular new short “bobbed,” waved or shingled hairstyles symbolized the growing freedom of women.
Men use oil, perfumed substance that added shine and kept hair in place.
Some African-American males adopted the “conk” hairstyle, (attempt to straighten the hair and accomplished by enduring a truly painstaking process of “relaxing” with solution dominated by lye) popularized by entertainer Cab Calloway.
For women longer, more feminine hairstyle became popular again.
Men continued to wear their hair short and slicked back with oil.
White men wore their hair in a D.A. (short for Duck’s Ass). Usually coupled with long, thick sideburns. (Elvis Presley).
Women’s hair suffered even greater abuse.
Straight styles were considered undesirable (use of rollers became a girl’s best friend).
Women opted for more practical short styles (often variation of the 1920s bob), or long straight hair.
Beatles “mop tops” created a revolution in men’s hairstyles (making long hair fashionable for the first time since 18th century).
Black Power and the anti- Vietnam War campaign rejected the white-influenced styles and adopted as “Afro” as a sign of black pride.
Social revolution from 1960s took roots in 70s (hair become the symbol of era in more ways than one) evolving into perhaps the most powerful means of projecting an image or making a statement.
Afro hairstyle remained popular and adopted by many white men and women
Towards the end of the decade the “punks movement” arouse in opposition to the hippie-influenced values of the era. (spike hairdos dyed bright fluorescent colors)
“Age of Excess” (the bigger the better) easily translated into hairstyles.
• Long, matted and unstyled hair characterized the grunge look.
Shaving of head becomes a popular “hairstyle” for men of all races (Michael Jordan).
Kenyans consider women’s facial hair as a sign of family honour.
Makeup /Body tanning
The skin colour has always been a source of fixation for mankind from all cultures where it not only represents one’s health condition or attractiveness but also his social status and wealth.
Use of cosmetics became controversial (many religions banning them as immoral labeled as “tools of the devil”).
The heavy use of makeup returned to fashion.
Bold makeup was now considered sexy.
Powder was applied to make skin look as pale as possible.