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8 stages of grnocide
Transcript of 8 stages of grnocide
1. Classification - People are divided into "us and them"
2. Symbolization - "When combined with hatred, symbols may be forced upon unwilling members of pariah groups."
3. Dehumanization -"unwilling members of pariah groups."
4. Organization - "Genocide is always organized... Special army units or militias are often trained and armed..."
5. Polarization - "Hate groups broadcast polarizing propaganda..."
6. Preparation - "Victims are identified and separated out because of their ethnic or religious identity..."
7. Extermination - "It is "extermination" to the killers because they do not believe their victims to be fully human."
8. Denial - "The perpetrators... deny that they committed any crimes..." Classification (Rwanda)
Belgians distinguished between Hutus and Tutsis by nose size, height and eye type.
Tutsis were naturally noble.
The Rwandan royalty were Tutsis.
Classification creates a power struggle between groups and is the primary way of dividing society
Bipolar societies were targeted and were most likely to have genocide.
The only way to prevent is by using common identities, use common languages, and oppose racism. Symbolization (Rwanda)
Hutus were flavored. ID cards were later used to distinguish Tusis from Hutus in 1994 massacres of Tutsis and moderate Hutus that resulted 800, 000+ deaths.
Tutsis were given access to limited education programs and Hutus were provided more.
“Ethnicity” was first noted on cards by Belgians in 1993.
Symbolization is the classification of a group through symbols. In Rwanda they put your ethnicity on an identification card.
This can also be done through types of dress, group uniforms and colors and religious symbols
The yellow star of David.
his star was worn by Jews to classify them. Nazi Swastik armbads The classification between Black and White people.