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Spinal Injuries and Treatment

This presentation will discuss spine injuries more related to herniated discs. I will also be discussing the different methods of treatment including physical therapy, chiropractic care, and surgical operations

Andrew VanDeven

on 25 April 2012

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Transcript of Spinal Injuries and Treatment

Spinal injuries can be very serious and can happen to anyone. A herniated disc is the rupture of fibrocartilagenous material surrounding the intervertebral disk Herniated Disc Spinal Injuries
Areas of the Spine That Can Herniate cervical spine (top region of spine)
thoracic (mid- section of spine)
lumbar (lower spine) Cervical spine herniation usually results in arm pain.

The two most herniated discs in the cervical spine are the C5-C6 and C6-C7. Different Regions of the Spine Will Cause Different Symptoms C5-C6 causes weakness in biceps and wrist extensors

C6-C7 causes weakness in the triceps and the finger extensor muscles The most common type of herniation with a thoracic disc herniation is the central disc protrusion

Central disc protrusion usually results in upper back pain.

Most common levels of injury are in the T8-T12 junction.

Many thoracic disc disorders typically do not cause as much pain as lumbar and cervical herniations.Therefore, the majority of surgical treatments are on the lumbar and cervical regions of the spine

Thoracic Disc Herniation Symptoms This is type of injury is a torn disc in the lower part of the spine.

The most common level for this type of injury in the lumbar region of the spine is the L5-S1.

At the L5-S1 level the symptoms are usually pain and numbness radiating down your lower extremities

Also the lumbar region is the most susceptible to injury because this part of your spine takes the greatest amount of shock. Lumbar Disc Herniation Symptoms L5-S1 Disc Herniation There are three main treatment options that you can choose once being diagnosed with a torn disc Treatment Options for Torn Discs Surgerical Operation Chiropractic Care Physical Therapy This is usually the best option if the patient does not feel any kind of numbness in the lower and upper extremities

Physical therapy is also a good idea to take part in before and after surgery

Exercises and treatment include:
Heat and Ice pack( usually when area of spine is inflamed)
Ultrasound- form of deep heating in which sound waves are applied to the skin and penetrate into the soft tissues
Core strengthening exercises- physical therapists focus on core because the stronger your abdominals and lower back the more stablized your spine will become.
Stretching of the hamstrings- the more flexible your hamstrings are the greater relieve on the lower back.

Physical Therapy Some say chiropractors work miracles some have said the opposite

Chiropractors are spine specialists that try to adjust the spine to the correct alignment using the method called HVLA manipulation(High velocity, low amplitude)

HVLA manipulation is done by the chiropractor applying quick forceful thrusts to the area of the spine that is out of alignment

A new form of treatment for a disc herniation is spinal decompression

Spinal decompression is performed by attaching a belt around your waist. This belt is attached to a machine that pulls your waist downwards away from your head.This has shown to be quite helpful in relieving nerve pain.

Chiropractic Care Spinal Decompression Surgery is said to be the last resort for treatment for patients with a herniated or bulging disc.

It is always best to have multiple surgeons opinions regarding surgery.

If planning on receiving surgery your symptoms should include numbness and pain going through upper arms and lower legs after trying physical therapy for a couple months

Surgical Operations The most common and latest surgery procedure is microdiscectomy. Microdiscectomy is minimally invasive which results in less hospital time.

Microdiscectomy is performed by removing part of the bone or disc that is protruding into the nerve root. This is usually done by making a 1-2 inch incision where the herniation is. Next, the surgeon will go into the incision with a microscope and a tool to snip the material interrupting the nerve root.
Different Surgery Procedures Back pain is something that almost everyone will expierience at some point in their life. Back pain can be very severe.

You can minimize your pain and decrease risk of injury by:
Applying ice and heat to muscles that are tight and inflammed
Maintaining good posture
Bending and Lifting with your knees not back
Taking anti inflammatory medications
Strengthening core and being active
Stretching hamstrings and tight muscles in back
Conclusion to Back Pain
Works Cited Eastaugh, Ben, and Chris Johnson. ""Experimental Treatments" for Lumbar Disc Herniation and Degernerative Disc Disease." Northern Virginia Low back pain Weblog. N.p., 16 Feb. 2008. Web. 24 Apr. 2012.

"Welcome to our Treatment Room homepage." Access Sports online. soccer international, 2009. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://accesssportsonline.com/treatment-room.php>.

"Spinal Cord C5-C6 Disc Herniation with Chronic Neurological Deficits." nucleus medical media. Human Anatomy drawing, 1999. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://catalog.nucleusinc.com/generateexhibit.php?ID=3431>.

Ullrich, Peter F. " Physical Therapy: Passive PT for Back Pain." Spine-health. N.p., 8 Sept. 1999. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.spine-health.com/treatment/physical-therapy/physical-therapy-passive-pt-modalities-back-pain>.

"Spinal Decompression Therapy." ne-back pain. aviva, 9 July 2010. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.ne-backpain.co.uk/about-us/spinal-decompression-therapy/>.

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