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JULIUS CAESAR by William Shakespeare

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alessandro lupi

on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of JULIUS CAESAR by William Shakespeare

Historical Context and Background
The plot is originally set in 44 BC. Caesar has just reentered Rome in Triumph after a victory in Spain against the sons of his old enemy, Pompeo. During the celebration Caesar is warned by a soothsayer to "beware the Ides of March" but he ignores the warning.
Brutus and Cassius foreshadow the end of the ancient priviledges in Caesar's political reformes and conquest and, with a group of aristocrats decides to assassinate Caesar. The date set is the Ides of March, the 15th of the month.
Calphurnia terrified by an horrible dream, tries to convince Caesar not to go to the Senate but he doesn't listen to her. In the Senate the cospirators kill him in front of everybody. Brutus and Mark Anthony speaks during Caesar's funeral and the cospirators allarmed by the furor caused by M.Anthony's speech flee from Rome to Asia Minor. Mark Anthony, Octavianus and Lepidus formed the Second triumvirate to take control of the Roman Empire and to destroy Caesar's killers. Before the final battle at Philippi Plain,Brutus is visited by Caesar's ghost,who warns him that he'll see him in the battle, but Brutus goes on and ignores him.
During the battle Cassius kills himself and Brutus, sure of losing the battle and unable to endure the shame of being a captive,he commits suicide. At the end of the play, Mark Anthony delivers an eulogy over Brutus' body.
Eventually, order has been restored, Caesar's murders have been avenged and the Roman Empire has been preserved.
Mark Anthony's speech
In Mark Anthony's funeral oration for Caesar, we have not only one of Shakespeare's most recognizable. opening lines but also one of his finest examples of rhetorical irony at work
Brutus lets him speak at Caesar's funeral,but only after he himsef has spoken, underlining the reasons why Caesar was bound to be killed.
Eventually Brutus is clearly overmatched at Caesar's funeral,both by Anthony's duplicity and oration.
Julius Caesar rises many questions about the force of fate in life versus the capacity for freewill.
"Men at sometime were masters of their fate./The fault dear Brutus is not in our stars,/ but in ourselves, that we are underlings" (I.ii.140-142)
"It seems to me the most strange that men should fear,/ Seeing that death, a necessary end,/ Will come when it will come" (II.ii.35-37)
JULIUS CAESAR by William Shakespeare
Edited by
Nicolò DeFilippi
Alessandro Lupi
Nicolò Spagnolo
Francesca Vicari
Benedetta Vicentini

Julius Caesar
Mark Anthony
Flavius and Murellus
Calphurnia and Portia
Determinism vs Freewill
Public vs private
Rethoric and power
Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V
Flavius and Murellus remove the decoration from Caesar's statues
Caesar enters on his triumphal parade
A soothsayer warns Caesar to "beware the Ides of March"
Cassius persuades Brutus to take part in the cospirancy to kill Caesar

Portia, Brutus' wife, suspects something and she asks her husband
In the morning of the Ides of March, Calphurnia tries to convince Caesar no to go to the Senate, but he doesn't listen to her

The cospirators kill Caesar in front of the senator and the spectator
Brutus and Mark Anthony speak during Caesar's funeral
Mark Anthony with his speech changes completely the attitude of the audiance
Mark Anthony, Octavianus and Lepidus form the Second Triumvirate
They decide to destroy Caesar's killers in Asia Minor
The night before Philippi's battle, Caesar's ghost appears to Brutus to warn him
During the Philippi's battle, Cassius and later Brutus commit suicide
Mark Anthony delivers an eulogy over Brutus' body
Caesar's killers has been avenged, order has been restored and the Roman Empire has been preserved
The third member of the triumvirate with Mark Anthony and Octavianus
Poor man who warn Caesar during his Triumph
Caesar's adoptive son and appointed successor.
He returns after Caesar's death, then he joins M.Anthony in the Triumvirate and prepare himself to fight Cassius and Brutus
He is the consule in that year and one of the main exponent of the Caesarian party. He prounounces the final eulogy at Caesar's funeral
A Roman's Senator who speaks at Caesar's triumphal parade
An ambitious man who eventually will be killed by the conspires. After his death he will appear in the V act to Brutus as a ghost.
Reading this tragedy we can discover that Julius Caesar suffers from epilepsy attacks
Calphurnia is the Caesar's wife. She warns Caesar against going to the senate n the Ides of March because he has had a terrible dream
Portia is the Brutus' wife who tooks sides against Caesar
A talented general and long time friend of Caesar. He leads Brutus to believe that Caesar has become too powerful and he must die
A powerful public figure and a supporter of the republic. He believes strongly in a government. Brutus opposes the ascension to the position of dictator
Julius Caesar is one of the Shakespearian plays, the first recorded performance of this tragedy in 1599. This production would have been one of the first at the Globe Theatre, built the same year. It appears that the play wasn't published during Shakespeare's lifetime.
Unlikely many other unpopular Shakespereans' dramas, Julius Caesar has remained a constant fixture of British theatre.
They are two tribunes who remove the decoration from Caesar's statues during his triumphal parade
Shakespeare’s contemporaries, well versed in ancient Greek and Roman history, would very likely have detected parallels between Julius Caesar’s portrayal of the shift from republican to imperial Rome and the Elizabethan era’s trend toward consolidated monarchal power. In 1599, when the play was first performed, Queen Elizabeth I had sat on the throne for nearly forty years, enlarging her power at the expense of the aristocracy and the House of Commons. As she was then sixty-six years old, her reign seemed likely to end soon, yet she lacked any heirs (as did Julius Caesar). Many feared that her death would plunge England into the kind of chaos that had plagued England during the fifteenth-century Wars of the Roses. In an age when censorship would have limited direct commentary on these worries, Shakespeare could nevertheless use the story of Caesar to comment on the political situation of his day.
Much of the play's tragedy stems from the characters' neglect of private feelings and loyalties in favor of what they believe to be the public good.
Brutus always acts on what he believes to be the public's wishes and kills Caesar,who's going to be the imminent dictator.
Cassius does not want anyone to interfere with his own ambitions.
Neglecting private sentiments to follow public concerns brings Caesar to his death
Caesar no longer sees the difference between his omnipotence, immortal public image and his vulnerable human body.
Caesar believes that the strength of his public self will protect his private self.
Julius Caesar gives detailed consideration to the relationship between rhetoric and power
"When Caesar says <<Do this>>, it is performed" (I.ii.12)
"Let each man render me with his bloody hands" (III.i.185)

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