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Moral Life Chapter Nine

Social Teaching of the Church

J.W. Lane

on 11 January 2013

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Transcript of Moral Life Chapter Nine

Chapter Nine:
The Social Teaching of the Church However . . . Love: A Solid Foundation The Role of Grace Love for the Wise Use Love for neighbor is the basis of the Catholic Church's social teaching. Love for neighbor is demonstrated in the Parable of the Good Samaritan. Love for Neighbor We are called by God to do good to our neighbors. Love for neighbor is based on the virtue of justice. Justice "Justice is the moral virtue that consists in the constant and firm will to give their due to God and neighbor. Justice toward God is called the "virtue of religion." Justice toward men disposes one to respect the rights of each and to establish in human relationships the harmony that promotes equity with regard to persons and to the common good. The just man, often mentioned in the Sacred Scriptures, is distinguished by habitual right thinking and the uprightness of his conduct toward his neighbor."
- Catechism of the Catholic Church paragraph 1807 When we come to God with faith, or trust in Him, we receive His grace. We then cooperate with God's grace as we exercise our freedom. Grace
Solutions The Church Its Foundation The Church was founded out of God's concern for human persons and their eternal salvation. Its Right The Church has both the right and the obligation to formulate a social teaching in response to the reality of sin and its effects on human rights. Its Scope The Church, and its members, must be concerned with the well-being of the whole human person, soul and body. The Church only offers principles and guidelines for social action. It does not offer solutions to every conceivable social problem. Two Virtues There are two, main virtues for promoting and ensuring equity: social justice and solidarity. The Family A Place of Piety Family should be a place where we learn piety. Piety is the sense of devout duty that we have toward family, Church, and country. The family is like a miniature society. There are rules, obligations, rewards and punishments. It is within the family that children learn correct attitudes toward God and neighbor. Learning to Love One reason family life is so important is because the very foundation of social justice: namely, love, is first learned therein. Learning to Love Continued It's crucial that parents demonstrate their love for God, their love for one another, and their love for other people because children will learn how to love from them! Avoiding Scandal Parents have to avoid scandalizing their children. They must not provide bad examples, nor exhibit poor moral conduct. Pope Benedict XVI's
Homily at the 7th World
Meeting of Families National
Governments In addition to possessing basic rights, communities and their governments must be organized a-round the common good. There are three components to the common good. Just as families and national governments have obligations to one another, nations have ob-ligations to other nations. The Common Good for All The Church points to the inter-dependence of nations on one another and then demands that we work for the common good of all peoples. What's that Mean? In concrete terms, this means that richer nations need to ensure the development of poorer nations that cannot develop themselves because they lack the means, or because they have been exploited. The Laity While the Church sets forth principles for international justice, it is the laity's job to implement the common good. The Role of Women Original sin destroyed the harmony that once existed between men and women. The latter have been subject to injurious and unjust social situations throughout history. Mulieris Dignitatem We're going to read selections from Blessed JP II's Mulieris Dignitatem (The Dignity and Vo-cation of Women). Specifically, we're looking at two sections: Eve-Mary and Jesus Christ. Jesus & Women Jesus' actions toward women revealed that He recognized their dignity and equality. He never condones unjust discrimination toward women. The Goods of Creation The goods of creation are destined for the whole human race. Unfortunately, a majority of the world's goods are consumed by a minority of the world's people. The Poor The poor cannot be open to God when their lives are consumed by the struggle to survive. When it comes to using created goods wisely, we must (1) be just in our dealings with others, and we must (2) limit our own consumption. Article:
Is Consumerism Harmful? Let's read it:
Luke 10:25-37. Justice is giving a person what is owed to him or her. Social Justice Social justice is when we provide all that is necessary for individuals to obtain what is due to them. Solidarity Solidarity is when we have active concern and love for the common good. The family is the first school of social justice. It's where we receive instruction concerning our proper places in society. A Mini-Society Communities consist of people with rights, and it is the government's job to protect and guarantee those rights. The Common Good One Respect for freedom, conscience and the choice of vocation. Accessibility to the necessities for human life (food, clothing, education, etc.). Two Three Peace
stability. International Relationships Maryknoll Volunteers 1 out of 7 people in the world are hungry.
That's 925 million hungry people! Poor God blesses those who come to the aid of the poor. Jesus' Example Jesus set the example for us by willingly choosing a life of poverty. His actions showed that He sympathized with the poor. We reach out to the poor because God reaches out to them! Beyond Material Poverty Our aid to the poor includes the physical, or material, but it also goes beyond it to the spiritual. The corporal and spiritual works of mercy can diminish cultural and spiritual poverty. Discrimination We discriminate when we draw a distinction between people on the basis of the classes to which they belong rather than on the bases of their personal merits. Discrimination Continued The Church considers discrimination a "grave injustice" and an "affront" to human dignity. Any form of unjust dis-crimination must be avoided. Conclusion Social justice is not about achieving the perfect society. Rather, it is about enabling each person to reach his or her fullest potential, physically and spiritually. Study Questions Do the following questions on p 164:
1-2, 7-8, 10, 14, 17-18, & 21. Article:
Your iPhone What Libertarianism Is
John Hospers Applied Ethics Selections from Bl. John Paul II's Familiaris Consortio
Full transcript