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NON-VIOLENT PROTESTS

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by

Ama Gentile

on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of NON-VIOLENT PROTESTS

A trip through time...
- British Women Suffrage

- Opponents of the Vietnam War

- The LGBT rights
Nonviolence in the Civil Rights Movement
- Nonviolent leader: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
- Inspired by Ghandi's teachings
- Goal: Bring about change in the american social structure
- Peaceful fight for equality
- Nonviolent organizations


NON-VIOLENT PROTESTS
Gandhi's message
Amanda Gentile, Marie-Yuan Ricard Bélanger, Bianca Sarkis and Priscilla Yung 503
Non-violent Protests
Origins
Purpose
Philosophy
Gandhi's message
Tactics
Non-violence in the Civil Rights Movement
Non-violence in other issues

https://docs.google.com/document/d/15r-UZwijDSl-1qgzpYkfAXQ9GylgN5YNSLUugSpLXWA/edit?usp=drive_web
Origins
South Africa, 1906
Mohandas Gandhi
The Indian Protest
of 1906
Against unjust acts--»Indians (South Africa)
Put an end to the Black Act and Transvaal Immigration Restriction Act
Allow Hindu and Muslim marriages
Put an end to the 3£ tax under The Immigration Law Amendment Bill
Indian Independence
Success in 1914 of the 1906 protest
Return to India
Campaign for Indian Independence
"Truth force"
“Non-violence succeeds only when we have a real living faith in God”
“I have nothing new to teach the world, truth and nonviolence are as old as the hills. All I have done is to try experiments in both on as vast a scale as I could. In doing so, I have sometimes erred and learned by my errors. Life and its problems have thus become to me so many experiments in the practice of truth and nonviolence.”
Spiritual base that spread worldwide
"Thou shall not kill"
"Love your enemies"
Ahisma
Action of love and truth for social change
Force of God
Philosophy
Achieving a goal without violence
Can be renewed
Peaceful end
Death and war
Tactics
Large number of methods
Symbolic acts
Beyond simple verbal expression
Artistic, original and have a great impact
Arise attention and support from the population



Sit-in
• Occupy facilities by sitting on tables, chairs or the floor
• For a limited or unlimited period
• Single act or a series of acts
• Goal : disturbing the daily routine


Sit-down
Sitting on the ground : streets, roads, floors
Refusing to leave voluntarily
Unknown period of time
Spontaneous or previously organized
Goal : disturbing daily traffic or acting specifically

Boycotting
Voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country

Often used

Direct impact on the economy.


Nonviolent
organizations

- Chicago 1942
- 1943: First
sit-in
in a coffee shop
- 1961: Organized Freedom Rides
- 1963: Sponsored Civil Rights March
on Washington
-Black students would sit at lunch
counters
-Segregation laws
-Arrested for disorderly conduct
-Refusal to pay fines
-Jails filled up with protesters
Martin Luther King Jr.'s principles of nonviolence
1. Nonviolence is a way of life for courageous people.
2. Nonviolence seeks to win friendship and understanding.
3. Nonviolence seeks to defeat injustice, not people.
4. Nonviolence holds that voluntary suffering can educate and transform.
5. Nonviolence chooses love instead of hate.
6. Nonviolence believes that the universe is on the side of justice.

British women suffrage
- National Union of Women Suffrage Societies founded in 1897 by Millicent Fawcett

- Peaceful tactics:Marches ,Disturbing
Jails,Petitions , Lobbying = responsible

-1928 : People Act of 21+
Opponents of the Vietnam War
- Purpose : US government promised
- October 21 1967 : Most prominent anti-war
100 000 at the Lincoln Memorial
30 000 at the march = soldiers

- Disobedience of social customs , rules and regulations, staging collective kiss-ins or simply acting as couples publicly like holding hands

- Pride Parades
Equal Rights
they had enough
1. Gather information.
2. Educate others.
3. Remain committed.
4. Peacefully negotiate.
5. Take action peacefully.
6. Reconcile.


Martin Luther King Jr.'s
6 steps to nonviolence
"Nonviolence is a powerful and just weapon, which cuts without wounding and ennobles the man who wields it. It is a sword that heals."
-Martin Luther King, Jr.
Nonviolent protests during the Civil Rights Movement
Examples of nonviolent protests:

- The Montgomery Bus Boycott
- The March from Selma to Montgomery
- The Freedom Rides


March
Thousands of people
Show the real amount

- 1957, Martin Luther
King Jr.
- Taught people how
to use non-violence to fight for civil rights

- Created in 1960 at Shaw University
- Organized several sit-ins throughout the South
- Lack of progress + frustration = more radical actions
- Group disbanded in 1970
Student Nonviolent
Coordinating Committee
Southern Christian
Leadership Conference
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
SOURCES


http://www.angelfire.com/ok/ush2civilrights/webnonviolence.html
http://www.crmvet.org/info/nvonion.htm
http://www.fatherjohndear.org/pdfs/mohandas_gandhi.pdf
http://www.gandhiinstitute.org/take-action/toolkits/
http://www.humanities.mcmaster.ca/gandhi/lectures/index.html
http://www.humanities.mcmaster.ca/gandhi/lectures/documents/Narayan_Desai%20Gandhi_Lecture&Gandhi_Katha_(2008)_%20Booklet.pd
http://www.actupny.org/documents/CDdocuments/HistoryNV.html
http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/articles/62/the-civil-rights-movement-in-mississippi-on-violence-and-nonviolence
http://www.salsa.net/peace/conv/8weekconv6-3.html
http://www.cpt.org/files/PW%20-%20Principles%20-%20King.pdf
http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/februaryone/civilrights.html
http://www.ppu.org.uk/learn/infodocs/nonviolence/st_nonv1.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/higher/history/britsuff/suffrage/revision/4/
http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war-protests
http://wagingnonviolence.org/feature/lessons-from-the-lgbt-equality-movement/
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