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Marco Polo Presentation

History 5th Period Presentation

Seth Gilbert

on 13 December 2012

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Transcript of Marco Polo Presentation

Marco Polo The Polo brothers arrived in Acre in April 1269. They learned that Pope Clement IV had died the year before, and no new pope had yet been chosen. So they took counsel with an eminent churchman, Tebaldo, archdeacon of Liege and papal legate for the whole realm of Egypt, and, being advised by him to wait patiently, went home to Venice, where they found that Nicolo's wife was dead, but had left a son Marco, now fifteen. Marco Polo (1254-1324), is probably the most famous Westerner traveled on the Silk Road. He excelled all the other travelers in his determination, his writing, and his influence. His journey through Asia lasted 24 years. He reached further than any of his predecessors, beyond Mongolia to China. He became a confidant of Kublai Khan (1214-1294). He traveled the whole of China and returned to tell the tale, which became the greatest travelogue. 1254-Marco Polo is born 1269- Marco Polo's father and Uncle travel to Europe to find theologists who could teach Kublai Khan more about the Christian Doctrine, because Khan wanted to know more about all the religions 1271-1274: Maffeo and Niccolo return to Europe because Khan was not satisfied with their first voyage. They bring Marco Polo. 1275-1292- Polo works for Kublai Khan 1294- Kublai Khan dies 1295- Polo returns to Venice after working with Kublai Khan 1300- Niccolo dies and Polo marries a woman named Donata 1298-1299 Polo was in a Geneose Prison where he told his travels to a fellow inmate-Rusticello, who later wrote a book of Polo's travels 1324-Polo dies Timeline In Baghdad, Marco Polo learned more about Christianity and Christian customs The Compass - Among the inventions that encouraged seamen to venture into the unknown was the mariner’s compass. With its faithful “finger” always pointing toward the north pole, the sailor need not fear venturing forth. The compass was known to man centuries before the sailors of Western Europe began to use it. In fact, it is said that Marco Polo brought with him from China a knowledge of this faithful little instrument. It is doubtful whether Columbus and the explorers after him would have ventured to cross the mighty ocean to America without its help. But while we know and trust the compass without question, the sailors of the fifteenth century many times doubted this “faithful friend” of the seamen. Printing Press - Before the invention of printing in the fifteenth century men made books very slowly and very laboriously by copying page after page by hand. This was the sort of book that Marco Polo made. But in this century, in both Holland and Germany, men laid claim to the discovery of printing. So simple was this invention, that men wondered it had not been discovered long before. It consisted in cutting the different letters out of separate pieces of wood, and in so placing the letters as to spell words on a printed page. In this way whole books could be printed if enough letters were made. Marco Polo's Journal - Marco Polo kept a detailed journal of his travels around the world, and his writings were eventually published as "Il Millione", or in English as "The Travels of Marco Polo". It became very popular, especially during the 14th century, and was actually used by other explorers as a reference and guide. The journal represents Polo's mark on the world. All the knowledge that he amassed over the years stored in one book. Even today, scholars still analyze the text, learning new things, but also to see if any of his writing is exaggerated in any way. Constantinople was the Polo family's last stop before they arrived at their homeland, Venice. They stopped here briefly and sailed onward until they got to Venice, where they shared their travel experiences. The whole journey took about 24 years. Constantinople's main exports were wine, and woven and metal goods. 1271-1295- Marco Polo Travels the Silk Road from Venice to Beijing and back Marco Polo visited the city of Hangchow during the last leg of an economic boom due to a great increase in the mining of coal and iron, and the manufacture of silk and porcelain. Polo arrived in the 1290s, and was immediately wonderstruck by the luxurious lifestyles of the Hangchow merchants, and also by the scenery, which included a large lake. He was also impressed by the organized government and economy. Silk, hemp, and cotton were some of Hangchow's main exports. Marco Polo visited the island of Ceylon, currently Sri Lanka, which supposedly produced the world's finest gems. While in Ceylon, Polo was amazed by the amount of precious stones. In Ceylon, Polo found what he described in his journal as the "World's finest ruby", which Ceylon refused to sell to Kublai Khan. Polo was also amazed by the pearl divers of Ceylon, who harvested pearls from oysters at the bottom of the sea. Holy oil ornate oil lamps like this were hung from church ceilings to provide light. The oil was blessed before use and was believed by many to have special healing properties. Marco Polo stayed in Beijing for many years.This was where he spent most of hist time with Kublai Khan It was a very advanced place. It had paper money and mechanical things. He shared his findings of many luxury items such as porcelain, jade, and ivory.
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