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Louis XIV Visual Essay

Visual essay explaining why Europe saw no lasting peace between the Peace of Westphalia and the Peace of Paris.

Emily Carlson

on 6 December 2010

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Transcript of Louis XIV Visual Essay

Why did Europe see no lasting peace in the period between the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 and the Peace of Paris 1763? Europe saw no lasting peace between the Peace of Westphalia and the Peace of Paris because the spread of mercantilism forced European countries to battle for what they thought to be a set amount of wealth. With the spread of mercantilism came colonialism, which instigated rivalry for international trade and wealth. Finally, various countries in Europe formed alliances in order to prevent absolutist rulers like Louis XIV from gaining too much power. The mercantilist ideology that there was a set amount of wealth turned Europe into a battleground of countries competing to increase their share of this wealth and influence. European powers in the 16oo and 1700s exploited foreign lands like India and parts of North America in order to accumulate wealth for the “mother country” in the form of foreign trade. Absolutist rulers like Louis XIV used warfare in an attempt to gain territory and thus wealth from other European nations, who, in an effort to defend themselves and check Louis’ power, formed temporary alliances with other major European powers. “Underlying this thinking was the assumption that markets and the amount of trade were relatively fixed, and that gaining a larger share of the pie necessarily meant depriving another country of part of its share. Trade was thus conceived as an arena of national competition and even conflict, a form of war by other means.”-Michael Marshall “The time now requires you to manage your general commerce with the sword in your hands"-Gerald Ungier That there shall be no future confiscations made nor any prosecutions commenced against any person or persons for, or by reason of, the part which he or they may have taken in the present war, and that no person shall on that account suffer any future loss or damage, either in his person, liberty, or property; and that those who may be in confinement on such charges at the time of the ratification of the treaty in America shall be immediately set at liberty, and the prosecutions so commenced be discontinued. Peace of Paris, 1763 Article XI
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