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Transcript of Gerund
as a verb to be complement and after prepositions. Gerund as Subject Gerund can be the subject of a sentence:
Swimming in the winter can boost your immune system.
Learning a foreign language is easier at a young age. Gerung as subject complement A gerund clause can be a subject complement after verb be:
What I really like is travelling to other countries. The gerund as the object of a verb A gerund clause can be the object of a verb:
I really enjoy swimming in the sea. Verb + gerund admit
neglect Preposition + gerund As a gerund clause serves as a noun, it can be used after prepositions:
After watching the movie, I wanted to read the book. A gerund clause can also be the object of a preposition after a verb, adjective or noun:
I am sorry for being late.
Sarah is very talented at playing the piano. When to is a preposition, it can be followed by a noun or a gerund:
I'm looking forward to our trip.
I'm looking forward to hearing from you. Verb + preposition + gerund Verbs followed by a preposition and a gerund (dis)agree with
benefit from boast about
confess tocope with
decide against look forward to
put up with
specialize in succeed in
worry about The gerund used in compound nouns In compound structures, a gerund is often used before a noun to modify it:
drinking water (water for drinking) delaydeny
urge depend on
get on with
get used to
laugh about & Infinitive An infinitive may exist with or without the word "to".
For example, following modal verbs (can, may, must, ... ).
Infinitives with the word "to" can function as either the SUBJECT or the OBJECT of a verb. To read a good book is my favorite form of relaxation.
To win means everything to him.
To speak a foreign language well requires practice. INFINITIVES AS THE SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE To read a good book is my favorite form of relaxation.
To win means everything to him.
To speak a foreign language well requires practice. INFINITIVES AS THE SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE Most people like to win.
I don't want to go.
We don't need to fight like this. INFINITIVES AS THE OBJECT OF THE VERB Here are some verbs that are followed by an infinitive. Verb + Infinitive Here are some verbs that are followed by an infinitive.
hesitate Verb + Infinitive advise you
Verb + Pronoun/Noun + Infinitive Infinitive phrases often follow certain adjectives. When this happens, the infinitive is said to play the role of Adjective Complement.
She was hesitant to tell the coach of her plan.
She was reluctant to tell her parents, also.
But she would not have been content to play high school ball forever. need
wish instructed them
warned me Here is a list of adjetives that you will often
find in such constructions. THANKS!! Infinitive hope