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Virtual Museum: Unit 1 Culminating Project
Transcript of Virtual Museum: Unit 1 Culminating Project
Unit 1 Culminating Project
Newspaper article with the headline "Conscription for Canada"
During World War I, one of the economic events that had correlation with the war was the encouragement and purchase of victory bonds. Victory bonds, essentially, were investments sold in an effort to raise money in order to keep the soldiers overseas (such as raising money to pay for food, supplies, etc.). People would invest in this because not only did it feel good to help the war effort, but also because the government promised a 5% return. The first war loan, in 1915, raised $179 million. The artifact chosen is a poster encouraging the citizens to buy victory bonds. The soldier, pictured there, was meant to represent John McCrae- author of the famous poem, "In Flanders Field". The poster is meant to send a message that the public needs to help supply the soldiers by 'giving' money to the government (although it will be returned) or else all the deaths would have been for naught. This shows that Canada needed money at the time, as wars were very expensive.
The second image, a newspaper article, has a headline that announces that there is a "Conscription for Canada". In 1917, the Canadian Parliament passed the Military Service Act, which meant that all able-bodied men from ages 19 to 45 to join the army. The Conscription showed that Canada (the British empire and the rest of its allies) were desperate enough for soldiers, even desperate enough to have to force men into joining.
Poster encouraging the purchase of fish
Poster encouraging women to
allow men in their family to enlist
Women working in an Assembly Line
During the 1920's, one of the most important events that changed society was the Persons Case. The Persons Case were led by five Alberta women, known as The Famous Five. The Famous Five asked the Supreme Court of Canada if females counted as persons. They wanted women to be seen as 'persons' legally so they could become member of Parliament or join the Senate. A petition was created but the Supreme Court still ruled that women were not considered 'persons', although they would be allowed to be appointed for Senate. In 1929, the decision changed and then women would be considered as persons. This case was known as the Persons Case.
The first image is a part of a Famous Five statue located in Olympic Plaza in Alberta. It shows a woman holding a journal (or proclamation) declaring that women are persons now. This was chosen because I believe that having the statue really solidified the idea of women having more rights. As well, I believe that this event symbolized change in the society and how after the war, many things began to be different than they used to be.
The other image is an article written by Nellie McClung, who was part of The Famous Five. This image was chosen because it showed all of them women from The Famous Five and also being able to write about the experience of the Persons Case and being directly involved was really important for our history, so people like us in the modern-day can see different perspectives of historical events that helped shape our modern society.
Statue announcing that "Women are Persons..."
Ford car Assembly Line
German Gas mask used in WWI in 1917
Rough Sketch / Map of the Vimy Ridge Trenches
During the roaring 1920's, Canada's economy changed greatly. Why? It was because there were now assembly lines, which made production of goods much faster. Because things were produced faster, the value of the goods went down and things became much more affordable and the cost to produce it also went down. For example, the Ford Model T was only $394 in 1924. Many people could now buy a car. For most people who could afford these newer technologies, industrialization made a positive impact.
The first image is a photograph of women working in a factory using assembly lines. This image represents how far society and the world had come from the war. Prior to the war, women could not even think about working in factories, let alone with something as new as an assembly line.
The second image is another photograph but has the Ford Model T in an assembly line. Again, this photo shows the dramatic progression that the world has turned from war. Cars were definitely not as affordable then as they were after the war.
Poster used during World War One saying to buy Victory Bonds
During the war, a law of prohibition was passed, banning the production, distribution and consumption of alcohol, saying that it poisoned minds and led to many problems both economically and socially. However, after the war, people felt like alcohol should be legal again. Eventually, each province repealed and lifted the ban on alcohol.
The first image shows a poster of a mother holding her young son tightly. With the words, "Help me to keep him Pure," it suggests that the mother wants to make sure her son never does anything negative under the influence of alcohol, such as gambling away money. Another way the poster persuades people is the use of a mother and her son. The audience can see that a man such as her husband could abuse or injure the family after having too much alcohol. This poster asks the person looking at it to vote for continuing prohibition. It shows that people were genuinely afraid of alcohol.
The second image is a photograph of a celebration after the repeal of prohibition. They are celebrating because they are legally allowed to have alcohol again. This either shows that the men rely too heavily on alcohol, or that people are happy to be able to drink again. This photograph was chosen to show that some people were happy to have the repeal, while the first poster was to show that some people were afraid of it.
by Katarina Chiam | due July 9th, 2015
for Mr. Greco | CHC2D1-04
The War in Europe (during World War I) began on July 28th, 1914, and ended on November 11th, 1918. It was between 2 sides- the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance (also known as the Central Powers). The Triple Entente was made up of the Russians, the French and the British and its respective colonies. The other side, the Triple Alliance, was primarily made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy (although Italy switched sides later on) but also included other small countries such as the Ottoman empire (modern-day Turkey).
The first item, a German poison gas mask, was chosen because using poisonous gas was a new innovation that was developed and used during World War I. This resulted in the need to come up with a way for protection, which helps explain not just Canada's experience during the war, but every country involved- countries were rushed to find new technologies in order to help protect their soldiers.
The second item, a map of the Vimy Ridge trench was chosen because it was the first time a Canadian-only contingent took charge in planning and executing a battle plan. As well, a trench map was chosen because majority of the war was fought in trench warfare. This helps illustrate Canada's wartime experience because the Battle of Vimy Ridge marked a major victory for Canadians.
War on the
War on the Homefront describes the kind of day-to- day life there was for ordinary people back in their nation when there was a war going on. For example, in Canada and most likely other nations directly involved with the war, women had to take over the jobs that men had left, such as working in factories and farming. The war also created other jobs that women needed to do as well, such as creating supplies like uniforms. On top of making these essentials, factories would be used towards building tanks, ammunition and other things that the military needed. Farmers would be needed to supply food. This meant that more and more women were doing the jobs that they were not previously allowed to do and that only men were permitted to do. The roles of women were drastically changed.
In the first picture, there is a poster that was used during the First World War that to save meat by buying fresh fish- arguing to save meat for our soldiers and our allies. This is because the organizations that put up the posters (such as the government) want to send a message that by saving meat, and possibly other food as well, they can send it overseas to feed the soldiers. Feeding the soldiers will make them stronger, and making them strong will help to win the war.
The second image is also a poster used during World War One. However, this poster is different from the first one because this one inspires women to allow their husbands, sons, or any immediate male family member to go to war, and perhaps even encourage them to fight for their country and Britain. This poster suggests that they need more men to fight, and that their country needs them to serve their duty. The women's duty in this case, is to tell their husbands and/or sons to go. This poster also tells about the terrible situation that is going on at the time without saying there is death involved, which is also another factor that would push the women to tell their male members in their family to go fight in the war.
Article written by Nellie McClung about women becoming 'persons'
Exhibit 1 | WWI
Exhibit 2 | WWI
Exhibit 3 | WW1
Exhibit 3 | WW1
Exhibit 6 | 1920's
Exhibit 5 | 1920's
Prohibition repeal celebration
Poster advocating for prohibition
The best of the 12 items chosen is the photograph of the women working in a factory assembly line [Exhibit 5, photo 1]. This is because it shows how the war affected and managed to change the society. For example, since many men went to the war, women had to fill in the positions that men used to have, such as working in factories and farms. Not only that, other jobs were created as well- such as making war supplies like ammunition or building parts of tanks.
Women were finally allowed to work in factories in order to help supply the war effort, but this proved of significance because previously, those jobs had only belonged to men. Women were only expected to take care of the family and do housework but they were now expected to do this and also to do the other jobs that men had left empty. Although this photograph is not exactly from during the war, it still shows that women worked in factories.
Another reason why that photograph is important is because it shows not only the advancement in gender roles, but also because it showed that technological growth. There was an assembly line that made things cheaper. This photo shows that since the goods were getting cheaper, that the economy was growing as well.
Overall, I believe that this photograph shows what happened during the war, and the effects of it as well.