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Argumentative essays

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Sean Clunies Ross

on 29 July 2015

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Transcript of Argumentative essays

Introduction
Types of Hook
Introduction - paragraph 1

Should teenagers be banned from online gaming?

Example of
introduction
Discuss in pairs
Identify by underlining and writing a 'H' above the sentence where the hook/attention grabber is found in the given example introduction paragraph.
Identify by underlining and writing a 'C' above the sentence where the comments/background is found in the given example introduction paragraph.
Identify by underlining and writing a 'T' above the sentence where the thesis statement is found in the given example introduction paragraph.
Introduction
Apologize. Never suggest that you don’t know what you’re talking about. Avoid phrases like “I am not sure about this…”
Do not flatly announce what you are about to do in an essay. “In this essay I will…” or “The purpose of this essay is too….
Do not use a dictionary or encyclopedia for definitions.
Do not dilly-dally. Get to it. Move confidently into your essay
Argumentative essays
They are writings that support a certain stand, opinion, perspective or point of view.
You need to take a stand
Structure 1
Paragraph 1 – Introduction
Paragraph 2 – Counterpoint & Rebuttal
Paragraph 3 – Main Supporting Point 1
Paragraph 4 – Main Supporting Point 2
Paragraph 5 – Main Supporting Point 3
Paragraph 6 - Conclusion

Structure 2
Paragraph 1 – Introduction
Paragraph 2 – Main Supporting Point 1
Paragraph 3 – Main Supporting Point 2
Paragraph 4 – Main Supporting Point 3
Paragraph 5 – Counterpoint & Rebuttal
Paragraph 6 - Conclusion

Hook / Attention Grabber
Comments / Background
Thesis Statement

Quotation

“You are what you eat.”


Short anecdote (no more than a sentence or two)
I remember the day I received my first phone. I was elated beyond belief. What I did not realise then is that it would be the start of my problems.

Ask a question
“Have you always wondered how it would be if we could turn back the clock on technology?”


State the problem
It was reported in the papers once that mobile phones are a major cause of accidents on the roads, for both drivers and pedestrians.

Background or Comments
How widespread is the situation?
How is the situation affecting people?
What do people use the item for?
What do you understand about the situation?
How significant is the situation?

Thesis Statement
One sentence
Argumentative – State your stand. Do you agree or disagree?
I stand strong with the view that mobile phones are indispensable in today’s society.
Discursive – What will your essay discuss?
Though young, there are many ways in which teenagers can help make this society better.

What Not to include in Introduction
The online gaming world-wide craze is fuelled by the never-ending stream of new games in an ever-expanding market. However, instead of just being a good form of entertainment, the onslaught of games seem to have an adverse effect on teenagers as the games tend to be addictive. Teenagers should therefore be banned from online gaming if they do not want this to affect their everyday life.
Main Point 1
Main Point 1 - paragraph 2

States the main supporting point.
Point - State the point
Explanation – Explain what the point means
Example – Give examples to support your point
Link – Link point to question

P
E
E
L
Should teenagers be banned from online gaming?

Example of
main point 1
- paragraph 2
Online gaming is deliberately created to cause addiction and it adversely affects teenagers who have little mental strength to avoid such unhealthy obsession
.
It usually features a series of stages with increasing level of excitement, which takes long hours to complete. Also, there is no end to the game. The virtual satisfaction gamers receive would instill a craving for more.

For example, my neighbour’s son was so addicted to gaming that he stopped all other aspects of his life and would only leave his computer when he needed to go to the toilet or eat
.
So, unless a teenager is able to resist such addiction through self-discipline, he should be banned from online gaming.
Point
Explain
Example
Link
Main Point 2
Main Point 2 - paragraph 3

Link paragraph to previous paragraph.
States the main supporting point.
Point - State the point
Explanation – Explain what the point means
Example – Give examples to support your point
Link – Link point to question

P
E
E
L
link para 3 to
para 2
Should teenagers be banned from online gaming?

Example of
main point 2
- paragraph 3
Besides being addicted
, teenagers who spend most of their time on online gaming may also tend to forgo their main priority as a pupil – their pursuit for excellence in academic work. With online gaming as their main obsession, these teenagers may lose their focus in their studies and not complete their work. Such negligence can be seen in the increasing number of ill-disciplined students caught playing truant in order to play online games at LAN-gaming shops. Therefore online gaming is not suitable for those who are unable to manage their time and priorities.

link para 3 to para 2
Discuss in pairs
Identify by underlining and writing a 'P' above the sentence where the POINT is found in the given example paragraph.
Identify by underlining and writing a 'E' above the sentence where the explanation of point is found in the given example paragraph.
Identify by underlining and writing a 'E' above the sentence where the examples to support your point found in the given example paragraph.
Identify by underlining and writing a 'L' above the sentence where the link point to the question found in the given example paragraph.
Main Point 2
Main Point 3 - paragraph 4

Link paragraph to previous paragraph.
States the main supporting point.
Point - State the point
Explanation – Explain what the point means
Example – Give examples to support your point
Link – Link point to question

P
E
E
L
link para 4 to
para 3
Should teenagers be banned from online gaming?

Example of
main point 3
- paragraph 4
Furthermore, it is also said that long hours of online gaming has also resulted in mental, health and behavioural problems. Gaming addiction has been classified as a psychological problem and its treatment involves removing the patient from the source of the problem. There have been reports of game addicts who die of heart failure due to exhaustion after continuously gaming for more than 50 hours. Some even turned violent when forcefully removed from online gaming. It is hence evident that online gaming is detrimental to the well-being of the gamers.


link para 3 to para 2
Rebuttal/counter argument - paragraph 5
Counter argument - paragraph 5

The alternative view
in what situation would you have the other opinion; or what other people think
Short explanation
Why you don’t agree with them (rebuttal)

Should teenagers be banned from online gaming?

Example of
rebuttal/counter argue
- paragraph 5
Some
may argue that
online gaming is merely a way for teenagers to relieve stress from the demands faced in school, home, or everyday life and there is hence no cause for undue worry
.
However, gaming often leads to addiction which may adversely affect one’s health. Furthermore, there are other means of relaxation available that may replace online gaming. Simple but constructive activities such as playing sports, listening to music are effective and healthy means of relieving stress.

Alternative view
Rebuttal
Other people
Conclusion - paragraph 6
Conclusion - paragraph 6

Restate thesis
At the start of the conclusion, the thesis is restated in words different from those in the introduction.
Summary of main ideas
Remind reader of main ideas (without repeating the same phrasing)
Final thought
Presenting a final thought on the topic – for example, by stating an opinion, a solution, or a prediction. The final thought should leave a strong impression and encourage the reader to think further about the topic. Can end with a quote.
Important – do not start a new point!!!

Should teenagers be banned from online gaming?

Example of
Conclusion
- paragraph 6
As you can see, online gaming is indeed a curse on our young generation
.
It is capable of chaining one to the seat in front of the computer and at the same time, depriving gamers the previous time for academic work and even damaging their well-being
.
As controversial as unpopular as it may seem, online gaming should be banned from teenagers to free them from unnecessary interferences so they can live more fulfilling lives.


Restate Thesis
Sum up final thoughts
Final Thoughts
Should teenagers be banned from online gaming?

Example of
introduction
The online gaming world-wide craze is fuelled by the never-ending stream of new games in an ever-expanding market.

However, instead of just being a good form of entertainment, the onslaught of games seem to have an adverse effect on teenagers as the games tend to be addictive.

Teenagers should therefore be banned from online gaming if they do not want this to affect their everyday life.
H
C
T
Full transcript