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helina Gebregiorgis

on 26 January 2013

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Transcript of Euthanasia

What Is Euthanasia ? Euthanasia The word Euthanasia is used for the phrase "mercy killing" History of Euthanasia -Euthanasia was practiced in Ancient Greece and Rome
- The origin of the contemporary debate on euthanasia started in 1870
-Dignity in Dying was founded in the 1930's in Britain by Charles Killick Millard, to legalise euthanasia
Aktion T4
-Gerhard Herbert Kretschmar was a German child born with severe disabilities
-After receiving a petition from the child's parents, the German chancellor Adolf Hitler authorized to have the child killed
-This marked the beginning of the program in Nazi Germany known as a "euthanasia program" (Aktion T4) which ultimately resulted in the deliberate killing of about 200,000 people with mental and/or physical disabilities Ethical Concerns Should human beings have the right to decide on issues of life and death?

Does an individual who has no hope of recovery have the right to decide how and when to end their life?

what about the value and the dignity of human being? Why Oppose Euthanasia ? If euthanasia was made legal, the laws regulating it would be abused, and people would be killed who didn't really want to die

Allowing euthanasia will lead to less good care for the terminally ill

Allowing euthanasia undermines the commitment of doctors and nurses to saving lives

Euthanasia may become a cost-effective way to treat the terminally ill

Euthanasia undermines the motivation to provide good care for the dying, and good pain relief Catholic Church teaching 1 Corinthians 6:19-20
"Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body." What does Scripture say about Euthanasia ? Moral Consequences Ecclesiastes 8:8
"No man has power over the wind to contain it; so no one has power over the day of his death." Psalms 31:15
"My times are in thy hand." The purpose of putting an end to extreme suffering or incurable sickness from a long period of time Why consider Euthanasia:
Incurable sickness
Have abnormal babies
Mental illness
Many years of miserable life due to illness
When they believe they impose too heavy burden on their families or society It's conducted where the explicit consent of the individual is unavailable
The decision can be made based on what the individual would have wanted
On substituted judgment of what the decision maker would want were he or she where in the person's place
Decision could also be made by the patient's doctor on his/her own decision Occurs when euthanasia is performed on a person who is able to provide informed consent, but does not because they do not want to die
Involuntary euthanasia is widely opposed and is regarded as a crime in legal jurisdictions
Is sometimes used as a reason for not changing laws relating to other forms of euthanasia. 2. Non-voluntary 3. Involuntary euthanasia: 1. Voluntary Types of Euthanasia Active euthanasia Passive euthanasia Act of hastening the death of a terminally-ill patient by altering some form of support and letting nature take its course Active euthanasia involves helping the patient to die, by the use of lethal substances or forces Euthanasia conducted with the consent of the patient Legal Illegal -Belguim
-Montana -Australia
-New Zealand
-UK Where is Euthanasia Legal? Legal Illegal -Australia -Belgium -Canada -India -Ireland -Israel -Japan -Mexico -New Zealand -Switzerland -Turkey -UK -US Parents of Paralyzed Children Want Euthanasia Human life is sacred because it's a gift from God

Euthanasia weakens society's respect for the sanctity of life

God alone is sovereign over when and how a person's death occurs The human body is sacred and we don't have the right to dispose of it at our will, but we are called upon to be fruitful with our body and spirit
Human life is the basis of all goods
Human beings are made in God's image
No one can make an attempt on the life of an innocent person without opposing God's love for that person, without violating a fundamental right of the human dignity

Everyone has the duty to lead his or her life in accordance with God's plan. That life is entrusted to the individual to bear fruit already here on earth, but finds its full perfection in eternal life

We know that physical death is inevitable; However, God has the final say over death. Theology of the body Euthanasia is a grave violation of the law of God, since it is the deliberate and morally unacceptable killing of a human person.
Pope John Paul II, Evangelium Vitae, 1995 God gives people life, so only God has the right to take it away. Thank you Sue Rodriguez, a mother in her early thirties, died slowly of Lou Gehrig's disease. She lived for several years with the knowledge that her muscles would, one by one, waste away until the day came when, fully conscious, she would choke to death.She fought to have a legal right to assisted suicide; under the Criminal Code of Canada, assisted suicide is punishable by a maximum sentence of 14 years in prison. She took her cause to the Supreme Court of Canada, but lost the battle. She begged the Courts to reassure her that a doctor would be allowed to assist her in choosing the moment of death. They refused. She lived on in terror, helped eventually by a doctor who, in February 1994, broke the law to help her die in peace. Sue Rodriguez
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