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Video Games

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by

Shannon Poon

on 18 February 2011

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Transcript of Video Games

First Video Game produced
Cathode Ray tube was invented by Thomas Goldsmith Bouncy ball was created by Charley Adama in 1949 An inventor named RalphBaer used patterns with lights to create more thanjust calibration equipment. This made eople interact with the tv and not just observe. This idea was then tured down by his supervisor. In 1952 A.S Douglas created the first version of tic tac toe. This used the cathode ray tube as visual display An osciloscope was used for the early digital "Tennis for two" in which two spaceships fights one another. An arcade version of Pong was created in 1972 To develop a video game, you need skilled workers including programmers and graphic designers. Sound designers and other technicians are secondary tp creating specific video games. In the beginning, one person could manage all the details of creating a video game.
Now, however, as the producing teams get larger, the cost increases. Producing studios must pay their staff at a good wage to be able to keep those with talent,
but publishers want to keep costs down in order to maximize profit. Cathode-Ray Tube by Thomas T.Goldsmith, Jr. and Estle Ray Mann
No real computer graphics
Stimulated a missile firing game




1952 1948

- possible rivalry with film industry
- or follow art history in multiple different perceptions of one idea
Graphical Tic-Tac-Toe by A.S. Douglas
Used the Cathode-Ray Tube for visual display
Played on the EDSAC (Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator)
Only compatible for player vs. CPU The beginning A group of students from MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) created a game called Spacewar!
Game was against two human players who control a space craft firing at each other
First influential computer game
Very limited due to computer technology 1961 1967 Ralph Baer and Bill Harrison created a chase game and tennis game
First game to be displayed on a standard television set
Rights were taken over by Magnavox The History of Video Games The Golden Ages 1971 The Galaxy Game was created at Stanford University by a student union
First coin-operated video game
Later on enhanced to handle four to eight consoles
From help of Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney, Computer space was introduced
Not successful but first mass produced game for the usage of public Bushnell and Dabney released a new game called Pong, but was later on founded by Atari Inc.
First arcade video game that was a success
Based on table tennis where you serve the ball and hit it back and forth with your opponent
There was around 19000 Pong machines sold, which created many imitators 1972 1972  First home video game console system, the Magnavox Odyssey
 Published in the USA after prototypes were finished in 1968
 Used cartridges
 Had various graphics so the player could interact with the electronic images
 Sold about 100,000 in the first year, but later on sold about 2 million Real video game competition started
Atari released Asteroids
Colour arcade games became more and more popular
Arcade machines were distributed for the public
First handheld device by Milton Bradley Company 1979 1980 Nintendo released their first handle held device called Game & Watch
Improved LCD technology
More reliable and consumed less battery Simple home computer gaming began
Many of games were made such as Star Trek and Maze War
Distributed through printing the game’s source code in books, magazines, channels, and newspapers
Early home computers people used were Apple. Commodore, and Tandy
Physical selling of the game used floppy disks, cassette tapes, and ROM cartridges 1980 - the computer industry is trying to buy materials needed to create new technology cheaply so game designers’ potential can amplify
- demographics show that a growing number of young adults between the ages of 18 to 34 switch out of television and get into gaming, product demands will be very high - a designer might create an educational game that challenges the significance of one in a similar genre
- developers may make a game series that allows the players to experience the feeling of performing in a real life emergency room
- driving games have land sites that we see day to day e.g. a shell gas station
Video Gaming – its future Middle Ages ➢Nintendo released a 8-bit console ➢Named Nintendo Entertainment System (NES)➢
Came with Super Mario Bros. which was an instant success➢
The default controlled became a gamepad or joy pad ➢
Replaced the joysticks, paddles, and keypads
D-pad with 2 or more action buttons were standard 1985 ➢Decade of transition from bitmap graphics to more 3D graphics➢
More genres arose
Handheld gaming became more popular since the Game Boy arrived➢
Designers put demos on CDs for free in magazines and over the internet
Maxis publics a line of Sims games, best selling PC games in history
Release of MMORPG (Massively Multiplayer online role-playing games) 1990'S 1995 Three new consoles were released
Sega Saturn, PC-FX and the PlayStation PlayStation quickly got rid of all their competitors
Used CDs rather than cartridges 1996 ➢First affordable 3D cards were available for home computers
➢First-person shooter games inherited the 3D graphics, such as Quake
➢First online first-person shooter games, also Quake
➢Developers created web browser plug-ins like Java and Adobe Flash allowed simple games to be played
➢Small single or multiplayer games could be played without installation 2000 ➢Most of the games were fully presented in 3D➢
Xbox, Playstation 2, and Game Cube were introduced➢

2003 - 2006 Mobie phone gaming was a hit
PlayStation portable with superior graphics and power
Nintendo DS, Xbox 360, and PlayStation 3
High def graphics, large hard disk based secondary storage, networking, and online game play
Highest priced gaming console for around $500-$600
Wii shortly released
Motion controlled
Fastest selling game console How video games progressed over time Quiz Questions True or False

The Cathode-Ray tube is the origin of video games Answer: True True or False Early gaming consoles used floppy disks and CDs Answer: False

They used cartridges Which of the following is not a physical method of selling video games in the 1980s? a. ROM cartridges
b. CDs
c. Floppy disks
d. Cassette tapes
e. They're all methods Answer: b Sources Used/ Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_video_games http://www.techradar.com/news/gaming/consoles/playstation-4-everything-you-need-to-know-about-the-ps4-464657 -electronics manufacturer Toshiba created a helmet for experiencing a 360-degree view on a dome shaped screen PS3’s faults

-Growing demand for faster computer processing data outputs
-the hardware and software of the console should be more integrated
Sony has made upgrades!
PS4
-will contain an upgraded chipset from the PS3
-will be cheaper for the customers
-will be slimmer and more energy efficient
-an external power supply will be added to improve cooling
-expanded hard disk
- producers are thinking of taking the optical drive for blue ray away from the PS4
- since customers are downloading full length movies and game demos, games could be easily slipped into the console on the release day because of the larger hard disk
- long install times or level loading would no longer be present socioeconomic conditions:
what is poverty? -people who are out of work need to improve their visual skills
-conducted a study of 73 participants regarding their attitudes towards their work abilities
-their visual skills formed a direct correlation to their work beliefs How can visual skills be improved?

Hint: http://www.ps4game.com/first-generation-1972-1977/54/ http://www.yourdictionary.com/cathode-ray-tube http://www.vintage-arcade.com/Video-Games/computer-space.php http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:Ca6Zok4RjK8J:scienceblogs.com/cognitivedaily/2006/11/visual_skills_may_be_key_to_wo.php+did+poverty+play+a+role+in+the+development+of+video+games&cd=9&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=ca&client=firefox-a&source=www.google.ca What other sources of entertainment can be of competitioin towards video games?
a. film
b. cellphones
c. television
d. both b & c Answer: d
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