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The Russian Language

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by

Mezh Sab

on 26 June 2011

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Transcript of The Russian Language

The Russian Language Out of 150 million in Russia, 81% of russians speak russian as their first and only loanguage. There are over 100 minority languages spoken in russian today. The most popular minority language in russia today is Tartar and is spoken by 3% of the population Native speakers of russian in total : 160,000,000
(CIA world factbook 2005)
Total speakers of russian in the world: 275,000,000
(World Almanac 1999) The parents language of Russian is Slavic (East).
East Slavic, Ukrainian and Belarusian also part of this language family Overview of the Development of the Russian Language By the 10th century, the indo european language was split up and slavonic tribes moves and three Slavonic language groups had emerged, western, ssouthern and eastern. Eastern Slavonic is made up of the modern languages we know today which are known as Ukranian, Belorussian and Russian.
Except, until the 17th centuary the religious and cultral language of Russians wasn't
Russian it was Church Slavonic.
When peter the great westernised Russia in the 18th centuary, the russian language was changed because
of the western influence, which also introduced a number of foreign words to the language. Peter the great was the first to simplify the cyrillic alphabet.
The development of the russian language was because of the industrial revolution and technical progress during 18th century.
In the early 19th century, Russian writer Aleksandr Pushkin contributed to efforts to move the Russian language further away from its Church Slavonic heritage.
After the Russian Revolution in 1917, further action was taken to simplify Russian language which was made the modern Russian language we know today. With the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the language started to borrow words from english and other languages.
Written Russian is based on Cyrillic script. It originates from Ancient Rus. The Ostromirovo Gospel (1056) and Izborniki (1073) were the earliest books written in the Russian Cyrillic alphabet.
The Russian language made international commmunication possible and this is what made the USSR so strong. It gave the USSR a means of communication so they were able to understand all of the former socialist countries.
The cold war attracted the worlds attention to Russia and their unique ability to communicate. Russian language helps in scientific, economical and cultural communication, creating new interest and importance in its study. Russian is taught in more than 100 countries of the world and is one of the six official languages of the UN today. As Ukrainian and Belarusian belong to the same family of language group (East Slavic) there are many similarities. Although they differ and have many morphological and phonological differences. A variety of dialects exist within Russia. Linguists have not agreed on a strict classification system for Russia’s dialects. Some divide Russia’s dialects into two regional groupings northern and southern with Moscow serving as a central zone between the two areas. Other linguists prefer a three-part division of Northern, Southern, and Central (Moscow being the central). Ukrainian and Russian words that are similar Russia Ukrainian
clothes odéžda odéža equal rávnyj rívnyj Wednesday sredá seredá Ukrainian and Russian morphological differences Russian Ukrainian
prefix: "apart" raz- roz- Ukrainian and Russian phonological differences the 'g' in ukrainian and the 'g' in russian are both pronounced
as a 'h'.
'i' and 'y' are both pronounced as I Ukrainian and Russian words that are the same Russian Ukrainian
I я я
Do до до
In в в prefix: "fore" pred- pered- The Cyrillic alphabet
note: words are similar in ukrainian and russian as they both use the same alphabet
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