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Transcript of Historical Linguistics
Presenter: Rachel Bridgelal 810004745 Historical linguistics - the study of how language changes over time.
Proto-languages- are reconstructions, built up by comparing vocabulary and grammar in the modern languages, and by using our knowledge about the structure of languages and how they change.
Cognate- Words or morphemes in different languages that have developed independently from a single historically earlier source.
Correspondent set- is a set of sounds occurring in corresponding positions of cognates in related languages. distinguishing between the englishes Early Modern English (1476-1700)
And after a while came unto him they that stood by, and saide to Peter, Surely thou also are one of them, for they speech bewrayeth thee. (The King James Bible, 1611)
Middle English (1066-1476)
And a litil aftir, thei that stooden camen, and seiden to Petir, treuli thou art of hem; for thi speche makith thee knowun. (The Wycliff Bible, 14th century)
Shortly afterwards the bystanders came up and said to Peter, ‘Surely you are another of them; your accent gives you away!”(The New English Bible, 1961) phonological change specific changes The Great English Vowel Shift “Historical Linguistics is the branch of linguistics that is concerned with language change in general and specific changes in language, and in particular at describing them…” Discuss the statement showing the levels of language change in English or another language. 1.Old English: 449-1066
2.Middle English: 1066-1500
3.Early Modern English: 1500-1957
4.Modern English: 1975-?? • Phonological
• Semantic Reconstruction
Language A Language B Language C Language D Proto Language Rule
H h f v *f A,B: f -> h
D: f -> v
A a a e *a D: a -> e\ __ r,v
A a a a *a
I i i i *i
O o o o *o
R r r l *r D: r -> l
N n n n *n
M m m m *m One of the great differences separating Middle English from Modern English is the shift of a whole set of long or tense vowels, affecting the pronunciation of a huge percentage of the words of the language. Peripheral Info. language change - at times is as a result of language contact
language change - at times results in language death and language birth (pidgins & creoles) Works Cited Barber, Charles. “The Flux of Language.” The English Language A Historical Introduction. New York: Cambridge UP, 2000. 32-57. Print.
Bynon, Theodora. “The Transformational-Generative Model of Language Evolution.” Historical Linguistics. New York: Cambridge UP, 1977. 108-67. Print.
Campbell, Lyle. Historical Linguistics An Introduction. 3rd ed. Great Britain: Edinburgh UP, 2013. Print.
“Historical Linguistics.” Www.linguistics.ucsb.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 June 2013. <http://www.linguistics.ucsb.edu/faculty/gordon/20/ling20historical.pdf>
“Language Change.” Www.-rohan.sdsu.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 June 2013. <http://www-