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Untitled Prezi

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abdullah Almulhim

on 7 February 2016

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Introduction to Semantics & Pragmatics
Semantics & Pragmatics
What is Semantics?
Semantics is the study of the relation between form and meaning
what is Pragmatics?
It is Concerned with the study of meaning as communicated by a speaker (or writer) and interpreted by a listener ( or reader). in short it is the study of speaker meaning.
Blowing a whistle
" I am hungry "
What Can we conclude from this example?
1- We have the same sentence
2- We have different participants and situations which lead to different intentions from the speakers. Therefore, different utterances.
* Spoken utterances are distinguished from sentences by enclosing them with quotation marks.
A sentence
Is a construction of words in a particular sequence which is meaningful.
An Utterance
Is the meaning of the sentence in context with the situation and circumstances that's revolving around the discourse
One should distinguish between the
linguistic meaning
and the
utterance meaning
* An
can be a part of a
larger discourse.
* Two types of Discourse:
Spoken Discourse
Written Discourse
A spoken discourse doesn't only consist of words but more than that.
In speech, meaning can be derived from what you said and how you said it.
– Intonation: pitch and boundaries
– Timing within intonation phrases
– Stress
Non-Verbal communication
* Paralanguage
: nodding the head or pretending to yawn
example: ps-st, sh-sh, m-m-m
Prosody = Accent + Intonation
What did you say?
a Spanish tourist asking
" how can I go to Kingston street?"
A local
" Sorry. What did you say?"

My friends found the movie a bit boring.
And you? What did you say?

I am so excited

ex- This is the place

Information sought versus repetition requested
ex- When?
Full transcript