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YODER | ch.8-10 executive branch | GOVERNMENT

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Ryan Yoder

on 15 February 2012

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Transcript of YODER | ch.8-10 executive branch | GOVERNMENT

the chapers 8-10 Executive Branch DUTIES OF THE
PRESIDENT 1. Commander and Chief of the armed forces
Washington had 15,000 volunteers
today a 4 major units with a $400 billion budget
2. Appoint heads of executive departments, federal
court judges, & other top officals
EX: Elena Kagan & Sonia Sotomayor
3. Makes treaties with foreign officials
4. Appointment of ambassadors to represent the U.S. 5. laws are "faithfully executed" to uphold the & protect the Constitution
laws that are passed are within the Consitution 6. Pardons
people convicted of federal crimes or reduce sentences
7. Cannot make laws, but can suggest them
EX: State of the Union TERMS 22 AMENDMENT [1951] stated that the President is limited to 2 terms, while if the V.P. takes over serving less than 2 years, they can serve an additional 2 terms [4 years] Washington established a tradition that no president SHOULD serve more than 2 terms. Washington refused to serve beyond his second term and wrote in farewell address that no man should serve beyond 2 terms. Ulysses S. Grant & Theodore Roosevelt tried running for a 3 term
but were not reelected. However, FDR served 4 terms for a
total of 12 years. salary $400,000 a year $50,000 annual expenses
$100,000 non taxable travel account
$19,000 entertainment Date established Salary Salary in 2009

September 24, 1789 $25,000 $566,000
March 3, 1873 $50,000 $865,000
March 4, 1909 $75,000 $1,714,000
January 19, 1949 $100,000 $906,000
January 20, 1969 $200,000 $1,175,000
January 20, 2001 $400,000 $487,000 RETIREMENT LIFETIME PENSION | $148,400
OFFICE HELP | $96,000 other benefits THE WHITE HOUSE 132 rooms
35 bathrooms
6 levels
412 doors
147 windows
28 fireplaces
8 staircases
3 elevators
18 acres
55,000 sq. ft. CAMP DAVID maryland | naval support facility "THE BEAST" $300,000 MARINE ONE QUALIFICATIONS 35 14 YEARS OLD YEARS A RESIDENT NATURAL BORN CITIZEN
OF THE
UNITED STATES OTHER
QUALIFICATIONS 1 | GOVERNMENT EXPERIENCE
most serve as a governor or in congress
Eisenhower last w/no political experience
2 | IMPORTANCE OF MONEY
campaign costs are through the roof
around $1 billion combined
3 | POLITICAL BELIEFS
usually a moderate candiate is choosen
4 | PRESONAL CHARACTERISTICS
white, protestant, married
5 | PERSONAL GROWTH
find out how they really are VICE PRESIDENT 2 DUTIES 1 | preside over the Senate & vote in case of a tie
2 | under the 25th Amendment they help decide
whether the President is disabled 14 INDIANA leadership GOVERNOR MITCH DANIELS (R) entered office in 2005
elected to 2nd term in 2008
- no term limits
- only serve 2 consecutive terms
RESULTS
day lights savings time
leasinng the toll road
capped property taxes at 2%
raised sales tax to 7% INFO qualifications 30 years old 5 lived in Indiana 5 consecutive
years prior to the election $95,000 per year Lieutenant Governor = Vice President [BECKY SKILLMAN] CABINET Secretary of State | elected office | Todd Rokita
Secretary of Education | elected office | Dr Tony Bennett
Attorney General | elected office | Greg Zoeller WHO IS THE
HIGHEST PAID PUBLIC EMPLOYEE
OF THE STATE? HOW DO WE
CHOSE THE PRESIDENT? ELECTORAL college THE FOUNDERS THE FOUNDERS INITALLY HAD TWO IDEAS
1 | CONGRESS WOULD CHOOSE THE PRESIDENT W/O A POPULAR OR AN
ELECTORAL VOTE
PROBLEM: GAVE TOO MUCH POWER TO CONGRESS & HAD NO SEPARATION
OF POWERS
2 | DIRECT POPULAR VOTE FOR ELECTING THE PRESIDENT
PROBLEM: FRARED THE CITIZENS COULD NOT MAKE A WISE CHOICE &
THE MOST POPULAR WOULD BE ELECTED THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE WAS INTRODUCED BY ALEXANDER HAMILTON ORIGINAL SYSTEM NO POPULAR VOTE WAS TAKEN
ELECTORS FROM EACH STATE WOULD DECIDE
HIGHEST = PRESIDENT | 2ND = V. PRESIDENT PROBLEM ELECTION OF 1800 FEDERALIST v. DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS
D.R. WON THE MAJORITY OF VOTES, SO VOTE FOR 1 OF 2 CANDIDATES
- THOMAS JEFFERSON OR AARON BURR
THEY EACH GOT 73 VOTES (TIED)
THE ELECTION WENT TO THE HOUSE CONTROLLED BY THE FEDERALISTS
36 BALLOTS LATER JEFFERSON WAS PRESIDENT The Electoral College is actually a presidential election of 50 separate states & not 1 national election

The winner of the popular vote in the state gets all the electors in that state!

Each state has as many presidential electors as it has
Congressman that represent the state EXAMPLES:
California | 55
Texas | 34
Florida | 27
Indiana | 11
ND, SD, and Alaska | 3 538 THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE HAS 538 MEMBERS
FROM THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE, SENATE, &
3 FROM THE DISTRICT OF COLOUMBIA. 270 IS THE MAGIC NUMBER B/C
THAT WILL GET YOU THE
MAJORITY OF VOTES. ISSUES WITH -THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE- 1 | Winner Take All third partY cand. | 2 3 | Elections by House in all states (except in Maine/Nebraska) the candidate with the largest number of popular votes gets the electoral votes
this matters the most is larger states
EXAMPLE: in 1992 Clinton had 2 million pop. votes in Texas
makes it possible for a candidate to lose the popular vote & win the election
EXAMPLE: J.Q. ADAMS, HAYES, HARRISON,
gore had 500,000 more votes then BUSH but he had 271 EC
votes (key state?) could take enough E.C. votes that the major party will not recieve the majority of the votes each state has 1 vote and 26 are needed to
be elected
1) smaller states have more power
2) if state cannot agree on candidate they lose vote
3) if 3rd party is favored...difficult to get 26 SOULTIONS 1) DIRECT POPULAR ELECTION
2) DISTRICT VOTES DETERMINE STATE WINNERS
3) TIE GOES TO POPULAR VOTE The INAUGURATION TUESDAY, JAN.20TH, 2009 | CAPITOL STEPS UNTIL TUESDAY, JAN. 20TH THE PRESIDENT IS CALLED THE PRESIDENT-ELECT UNTIL HE IS INAUGURATED . NOTABLE SPEECHES ABRAHAM LINCOLN 2ND INAUGRUAL SPEECH FDR IN THE DEPTHS OF THE DEPRESSION JFK CALLED ON AMERICANS TO "THE ONLY THING WE HAVE TO FEAR IS FEAR ITSELF" "ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU -
ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTRY" Fondly do we hope fervently do we pray that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue, until all the wealth piled by the bond-man's two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash, shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said "the judgments of the Lord, are true and righteous altogether." With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations. the Executive office (EOP) created by FDR in 1939 b/c
the needs of the administration had grown so large...why? * Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
* Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
* Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
* Homeowners Loan Association (HOLC)
* Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
* Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
* National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
* Public Works Administration (PWA)
* Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
* Securities Act of 1933, created the SEC
* Civil Works Administration (CWA)
* Social Security Act (SSA)
* Works Progress Administration (WPA)
* National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)
* Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) today there are about 2,000 employees in the EOP with a budget b/t $300-$400 billion OFFICES WHITE HOUSE OFFICE White House Chief of Staff: Rahm Emanuel a subunit of the EOP
the White House Office remains the centerpiece of the presidential staff system
organize day-to-day operations, deliberations, policy agendas, and public communications of a presidency. OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT
& BUDGET NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL HOMELAND SECURITY COUNCIL early Presidents had no staff & had to hire them out of their own pockets
appointed w/o Senate confirmation
POSITIONS
cheif of staff
White House Council
press secretary (Robert Gibbs) principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and Cabinet officials On May 26, 2009, Barack Obama merged the Homeland Security Council and the National Security Council into one National Security Staff (NSS) created after the attacks of 9/11 after terrorists attacked the World Trade Centers and the Pentagon first major task of the council???? the largest agency in the EOP
prepares the National Budget the President presents
to Congress every year
figures which programs will recieve an increase/decrease
in their funding Federal bureaucracy or civil servents are organized into departments, agencies,
boards, commissions, corporations, and advisory committees nearly 3 million civilans work for the federal govt in more than 440,000 buildings TODAY 15 CABINETS - Hillary Clinton STATE DEPARTMENT responsible for foreign policy of U.S.
protect citizens traveling in other countries
staff embassies DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY Bureau of the Mint (coins)
Bureau of Engraving & Printing (paper $)
IRS (nation's tax code enforcement)
Bureau of Public Debt ($ for govt to operate) JUSTICE DEPARTMENT FBI
US MARSHALS SERVICE
DEA
CIVIL RIGHTS DIVISION - national parks - conservation - census, trademarks - BLS - joint chiefs of staff
army, navy, marines, a.f. manages Medicare and Medicade programs
Social Security Administration
Public Health Services
FDA - $ availible for mortgages - FAA, highways - Manhattan Project - assistance programs - boarder patrol, coast guard ELECTORAL COLLEGE MAP
2004 & 2008 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION (1) (2) (6) (5) (4) (3) (5) TOP 7 STATES = 207 VOTES
TOP 11 STATES = 269 VOTES * * * * before & after
Full transcript